History of Civilization

In: Historical Events

Submitted By sprim
Words 503
Pages 3
Type: E
Title: Chapter 2e
How did the geography of the Indian subcontinent influence the development of civilization there?

The Geography of the Indian subcontinent, for sure, influenced the development of civilization. Agriculture was the main occupation for the most of the Indian population. Geography of the Indian subcontinent includes the climate and weather a country has. If there are a lot of floods and droughts it destroyed the harvest and it could cause a bad crop which decrease the supply and increases the prices of the grain all over the world.

There are Himalayan Mountains on the Indian subcontinent territory, they divide India from Asia which prevent from enemies and any kind of immigration. When the snow melts on the Himalayan Mountains it provides a lot of water, which is needed for fertile soil. The northern mountains shield India from cold Artic winds, and make India a sub-tropical climate country. This makes the land mass much warmer than the ocean that surrounds it, prompting the development of the monsoons. Other words Himalayan Mountains protected people from the monsoons and created warm climate. Sailors in the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean very fast figured how to use the monsoon wind to their advantage. Also there are 2 rivers on the Indian subcontinent (Ganges and Indus).The Ganges provides water for the crops and harvest, and not only that, the citizens could use it for transportation purposes as well, and the Indus river nourish the dry plain of southwest of India. In this area the rainfall was very heavy, and late rainfall or no rain at all result unsuccessful harvest. But the first civilizations evolved near Indus where people could grow wheat, barley and cotton, raised up chickens, goats, cattle all of these led to more complex culture, because citizens could trade. Rise of the Indus Civilization and the development of…...

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