How Far Was the First World War the Main Cause of the Fall of the Romanovs in 1917?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Anomea
Words 1785
Pages 8
How far was the First World War the main cause of the fall of the Romanovs in 1917?

I think that overall the main cause for the fall of the Romanovs was the First World War. Whilst there were other important causes like the defection of the army and Rasputin and Tsarina the reality is that without the First World War these problems would have either simply not have happened, or not been nearly as problematic. The First World War highlighted the problems of the Tsar and his autocracy which in turn led to his downfall.

The First World War contributed to the downfall of the Romanovs In several ways. The first being that that Russia experienced great national/military humiliation throughout the First World War. One of the main humiliations was the Battle of Tannenberg in which 30,000 Russian's died and 95,000 were captured, whereas the Germans only suffered fewer than 20,000 casualties. This huge humiliation and loss of life would have enraged the ordinary people of Russia and highlighted the Tsar's incompetency which would have lead to the demonstrations that caused the Romanovs downfall. The military humiliations only increased when in september 1915 the Tsar dismissed his Uncle Nikolas -the commander-in-chief and took on the position himself. Due to the Tsar’s ineptitude in military dealings and the lack of military equipment more military failures were inevitable. This is shown by the Brusilov Offensive in June - August in 1916 which failed miserably. With the Tsar as the head of the military, he could no longer hide behind other’s mistake. It showed the masses what he truly was, a weak inept leader who had caused the deaths of thousands. The Brusilov Offensive destroyed any moral the soldiers and people had left. These national humiliations made Russia seem weak, and seeing as Russia was an autocracy it meant that the only people to blame were the Tsar and…...

Similar Documents

How Far Was the Collapse of the Liberal State Caused by the First World War?

...The Italian liberal state is believed by many, to have ended in the period following the First World War, in the year 1919. The first election after the First World War, under new electoral reforms, saw the Socialist PSI and the Catholic PPI receive over half of the national vote. As a result the liberals lost control of parliament, and from this point on any liberal government required Socialist or Catholic support to retain power. This undermined the traditional trasformismo system and led to mass politics in Italy, in which larger, permanent parties form and attempt to form a non-coalition government. The liberals were unable to adapt and unite to form a single party which would have allowed them to maintain power in the new system. This combined with the Socialist and Catholic refusal to join coalitions with the liberals resulted in discontent with the democratic parliamentary system in Italy, ‘paving the way’ for the rise of Fascism. However the problems with Italian politics were present long before the First World War, as the already mentioned trasformismo politics between different liberal factions made it very difficult for a government to last for an extended period of time. Furthermore a North-South divide existed in Italy and expanded as the North industrialised quicker than the more rural and agrarian south. This divide meant that many Italians felt as though Italy wasn’t truly united. The Vatican also created problems early on in Liberal Italy’s history, as......

Words: 1685 - Pages: 7

How Far Was It the Tsar’s Personal Inadequacies That Caused the Revolution in February 1917?

...How far was it the Tsar’s personal inadequacies that caused the revolution in February 1917? Tsar Nicolas II of Russia had many personal inadequacies and made many mistakes in the run up to the revolution in February 1917. These have been blamed as the cause to the revolution, as as leader of the country it was his job to prevent revolution by making sure the people were happy and that the country was being ran well, but he blatantly failed in this role as the revolution went ahead. However there were also many other factors that contributed to the revolution. Another big factor that is thought to have caused the revolution is the First World War, which was in full force when the revolution took place. The war badly affected morale, and also caused shortages of necessities and this all made the people upset, causes demonstrations that helped to spark the revolution. There were also still great amounts of Russification, for example towards the Turks, which made all kinds of Nationalities unhappy and turn against the Tsar. The peasant hunger and land question also had had not been solved, and millions of peasants had been sent to war. Adding to the general unrest and possibly sparking the revolution was also the political opposition the Tsar now faced. There are also arguments that the revolution was completely spontaneous, simply sparked by the Woman’s Day Parade, which was joined by unhappy workers, who went to demonstrate due to their unfair working conditions. All these...

Words: 2903 - Pages: 12

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years 1945-55?

...How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945-55? It is clear that the Second World War played a vital part in improving the lives of African Americans between 1945 and 1955. However, the impact of the war was lessened by other factors that brought about change such as the civil rights groups and President Truman. These factors were able to convert de jure change into de facto change; something the Second World Wars alone was unable to do. World War Two had a dramatic effect on civil rights for Black Americans. Over 1.2 million black men joined the U.S army during the war and the experience radicalised them. Northern blacks were often trained in rural military camps in the Southern states, this was their first experience of formal racial segregation. They were appalled to know they were fighting a racist opponent, yet being treated as a second class citizen and receiving prejudice treatment back home. Consequently, the black soldiers used the ‘Double V’ sign, which meant they were fighting for two victories: victory overseas and victory over racism at home. The war also began to change the racist attitudes of whites. The United States and her allies were fighting a racist opponent, Hitler, who passionately believed in a ‘Master race’. In the past, white supremacy groups such as the Ku Klux Klan had presented racism as something that was both natural and noble, however,......

Words: 1431 - Pages: 6

How Far Do You Agree That the Brutality of the Bolsheviks Was the Main Reason Why They Remained in Power in the Years 1917-24?

...believe that the brutality of the Bolsheviks was the main reason why they remained in power. However on the other hand it could be due to other factors such as the Sovnarkom and the weakness of the White’s. Firstly another reason why the Bolsheviks remained in power was because of their brutality using the CHEKA. This was established by Lenin on the 20th of December 1917. It was used as a secret police force to deal with opposition. The CHEKA used many methods all of which were brutal and included arrests, kidnapping, torture, sending of to labour camps and murder. This meant hat through the CHEKA Lenin could deal with any opposition that could affect his remaining in power. Secondly, One reason why the Bolsheviks remained in power was because of their brutality was due to Trotsky and the red army. For example Trotsky introduced the death penalty for any conscripts who deserted the army. He blackmailed them into doing this by holding their families hostage. This meant that not only did the army hold together but was also being trained by the best people there were around. Meaning this would enable them to have a much better chance of lacking opposition e.g. the white’s. This is a brutal and forceful tactic for the Bolsheviks and it worked. Not only did this lead them to win the civil war but in turn by doing that, the Bolsheviks remained in power. Lastly, another reason why the Bolsheviks remained in power because of their brutality was due to the murder of the royal......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years 1945

...How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945–55? The impact of the Second World War was, without a doubt, crucial in improving the lives of black Americans over the years 1945-55, as it led to federal support of the cause. However, it wasn’t as important as the use of direct action which, for the first time, was able to convert de jure into de facto change. This, not the War, was therefore the most significant factor in the improvement; achieving something which federal support and the work of civil rights organisations which did not engage in direct action were alone unable to do. The impact of the Second World War was influential in improving the lives of Black Americans because it led to increased federal support of the Civil Rights movement. During the Second World War, approximately 1.2 million black joined the United States armed forces. Their experience in the army allowed understanding the extent to which they were being discriminated against. The hypocrisy of the USA was discovered, a country claiming to be fighting a war of freedom yet oppressed ethnic minorities in their own country. Being sent to Europe, where formal segregation did not exist, the soldiers were able to see what could be achieved from desegregation. African Americans were encouraged to. The War brought significant economic changes to the lives of black Americans. Initially munitions factories......

Words: 1438 - Pages: 6

The Causes of the First World War

...The causes of the FIRST WORLD WAR 1_ The assassination at Sarajevo. (political murder) On 28th June Franz Ferdinand and his wife visited the Town of Sarajevo. The Archduke was the heir to the throne of the Empire of Austria-Hungary. As the car passed along the street, someone threw a bomb at it. The bomb bounced off the back of the car and exploded, injuring an officer in the car behind. The Archduke and his wife were unhurt. Later that day the Archduke said that he wanted to change his plans and visit the injured officer in hospital. He set off again by car, but the driver was not told the route had change. Some minutes later a man called Gavrilo Princip shot them and died. 2_ The great powers in 1914. If see the map the six most important and powerful countries in Europe were split into two armed groups. The triple Alliance. Central powers. Germany: was made up of many small states that had united and become one country only as recently as 1871. Otto von Bismarck, who was the Chancelor of the newly united Germany, firmly believed that all questions of the day could be solved by military strength by blood and iron. The stong national feeling in Germany and its wealth from industry made the Germans keen to play a leading part in world affairs. Kaiser Wilhelm II was impatient to make Germany the leading country in Europe. Austria-Hungary: the empire of Austria-Hungary was Germany´s oldest ally. German was the language of Government, but each group spoke its own......

Words: 3793 - Pages: 16

How Far Do You Agree That the Main Reason for the Fall of the Provisional Government Was the Skill and Determination of Lenin in 1917?

...To an extent it is valid to say that Lenin's skill and determination as leader of the Bolsheviks was the main reason for the overthrow of the Provisional government. Although, there are significant other factors that contributed to the downfall of the government, such as the weakness the government it in itself possessed, the misjudgment and mistakes it made, and other contributing factors, such as the influential role of Trotsky, which helped impact on the eventual overthrow of the government. Evidence suggests that one of the main reasons for the fall of the Provisional government, was the weaknesses it in itself possessed. For example, the dual authority government can be seen as a weakness because it was not an elected body, and came into being as a rebellious committee of the old duma, refusing to disband at the Tsar's order. This meant it consequently lacked legitimate authority as a result. It had no constitutional claim upon the loyalty of Russian people and no natural fund of good will to rely on, meaning it was judged entirely on how it dealt with the nations problems, making it vulnerable from the start. Its second major weakness was that its authority was limited by its unofficial partnership with the Petrograd Soviet. To begin with there was considerable co-operation between the two, with some people (e.g.- Kerensky) being members of both bodies. The soviet did not set out to be an alternative government, and regarded its role as supervisory, checking that......

Words: 2202 - Pages: 9

How Important Was the Entry of the Usa to the Outcome of the First World War?

...How important was the entry of the USA to the outcome of the First World War? In 1918 over 1,600,000 American troops crossed the Atlantic over to Europe to help the Allies beat the Germans at the western front. The new fresh troops were well-fed and made a big difference at some of the last battles in the First World War. Many people would argue that the entry of the US was the most important factor to the end of the war. The Allies ‘outfought’ the Germans on the western front with help of the new soldiers to end the war of attrition. However, this traditional view might not have taken many other factors into account. Other factors such as Allied tactics and technology, Germany’s internal collapse or the success of the Allied blockade could be a more important factor to the end of the war. Some people argue that Germany lost it and the allies were just the last to be there. Germany’s internal collapse was very important for the allies. The lack of food, political and economical issues produced riots on the streets. The German public had had enough of the war and the control and discipline failed. On top of this the German Keizer, Wilhelm abdicated and fled to the Netherlands. Germany was drained from all its resources because of the two front war. Germany’s allies had failed her and were relying on Germany’s money, weapons etc. Austria-Hungry was useless and the Turkish empire collapsed. Italy, Germany’s other ally at the start of the war had changed sides. This meant......

Words: 1260 - Pages: 6

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the First World War Was Beneficial to the Economy and Society of the Usa?

...How far do you agree that the Impact of the First World War was beneficial to the economy and society of the USA? At the start of the First World War the US economy was beginning to develop at a rapid pace and by the end of the war it was in an even stronger position this was due to impacts of the First World War such as an increase in industrial production, low rates of unemployment and improving living standards. However it can also be argued that the First World War damaged the US economy as the level of national debt went up and there was a brief recession during the years 1920-1921. The First World War also had an impact on society for example women in society changed dramatically and the 1920’s saw the birth of ‘The new Woman’. Although during the 1920’s, some freedoms were expanded others were curtailed such as prohibition which banned the sale of alcoholic drinks this had both negative and positive impacts on society in America. It can be argued that the impact of the First World War was beneficial to the economy, one reason for this is that industrial production increased between 1916 and 1918 by 39 per cent. This was due to the huge demand for war materials, imports from Europe fell and exports from the USA rose which lead to an increase in industrial production. In 1913 the USA produced about 32 per cent of the world’s industrial goods. The USA needed to import very little and most of what it produced could be sold to its rapidly growing population. Steel output...

Words: 1512 - Pages: 7

How Far Do You Agree the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years to 1945-55?

...How far do you agree the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years to 1945-55? I agree thoroughly that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason behind the improvement in the loves of African Americans. There are two other factors which help elevate the position of African Americans after the war these were the Federal Government and the NAACP. The Federal Government can be split into two parts the President and the Supreme Court. Before the Second World War most of the African Americans were working in the south of the country in agriculture. For many they had been born into that life and their parents and grandparents had been slaves. World War two had large impact on the lives of African Americans because it gave a chance for people to start anew. Many people had become tiered of doing hard manual labour every day in the farms. The 1920 and 30s had already seen an increase in the number of black people coming down from the south to the northern and western areas. These areas were considered to be industrial areas. After the war started new jobs were created this meant the demand for workers increased. More black people stated to migrate to the north and west for a job. For many of the black people this could have been a raise in there level of confidence. A crucial part of the employment was in the army, many men had signed up to protect their county. Figures show the migration of black......

Words: 1328 - Pages: 6

How Far Do You Agree That the Most Important Cause of the Revolution in February 1917 Was the Great War

...AS History How far do you agree that the most important cause of the revolution in February 1917 was the Great War? The February revolution which occurred in 1917 was the result of several causes, one of which being World War 1; in my opinion, it was the most important trigger. The Great War was the cause of Russia becoming financially dependent on Britain and France, decreasing the prestige the Tsar once held. Russia was unable to sustain its wealth due to the extreme costs the War brought: Anger rose within the people and with 85% of the army containing surfs that were losing their loyalty towards the Tsar, a revolution was inevitable. The war encouraged the breakdown of the autocratic way of ruling, but Tsar Nicholas was unqualified to lead the army anyhow, and was ill suited as Commander-In-Chief. This did not aid the Brusilov Offensive in any way; the result was the failure of the attack in August 1916: With the Russian forces deserting from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea, the loyalty towards the Tsar was largely affected and reduced. The morale further diminished as during December 1916, the railways were unable to commit to their desired function, which lead to a shortage of military equipment. These transportation failures halted vital supplies reaching the battle areas. The major shortage of military equipment led to the Russian artillery units limiting to firing 3 shells per day – which had an enormous impact on the Russian......

Words: 1320 - Pages: 6

To What Extent Was the Impact of the First World War Responsible for the Downfall of Tsarism in March 1917?

...To what extent was the impact of the First World War responsible for the downfall of Tsarism in March 1917? In March 1917, Nicholas II abdicated and brought Tsarist’s three hundred year reign to an end. The issue of the Tsar’s downfall divides historians with two different viewpoints. The first perspective is that Russia was making progress, however it was solely undermined by the First World War in which the war caused massive losses, poor leadership and unloyality of the troops. The alternative view is that long term social, economic and political factors already existed because of the challenges of modernising the country. Together these problems contributed to the Tsar’s inability to maintain monarchy and support of civilians and led to the downfall of Tsarism. The first reason for the First World War being responsible for the downfall of Tsarism is that Russia suffered massive defeats very early on. The Tsar believed they could win the war against Germany really easily. However, they did not realise how powerful the German army was. In the Battle of Tattenburg tens of thousands were dead or wounded and within a week at the Battle of Masurian Lakes the Russian army lost another 100,000 soldiers. Morale decreased visibly, worsened not only by the shortages or bad transport system but by bad news from the front. Despite the occasional victories, Russia emerged in the war as ill-equipped, with the soldiers under-fed. The morale was so low that there were Russian......

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

Q. How Far Was the First World War Responsible for the Fall of Tsarism in February 1917? (30 Marks)

...collapse of the Tsarist regime in early 1917. Some historians, known popularly as ‘optimistic’ historians believe that Russia between 1905 and 1917 was on the road to follow a western path of modernization and liberalization. And even creating a constitution had it not been for the war, which in their opinion created problems for the regime and led to its eventual downfall. On the other side of the coin, there are the ‘pessimistic’ historians who argue that the First World War was simply a catalyst or a speeding up of events that were inevitable, and unavoidable in the long run as there were severe socio-economic grievances that were being harbored since the 1905 revolution. The optimistic view agrees entirely that the First World War to a large extent was culpable to the fall of Tsarism, the reason behind this argument is that before WW1 was to start Russia was stable and significantly moving towards political reform and then from there eventually to a constitutional monarchy, this is backed by the October Manifesto of 1905 which gave the population a voting and electoral process to set up the State Duma, however this reform was almost cancelled out by the advent of the Fundamental Laws in 1906. The Fundamental Laws were in actuality a regain of any and every control back to the government of the Tsar which was granted previously. Here we discuss another important factor other than the war involving the collapse of the Tsarist regime, and that was Nicholas II’s......

Words: 1122 - Pages: 5

Why Was the Romanov Dynasty Overthrown in 1917?

...Why was the Romanov Dynasty overthrown in February 1917? The Romanovs were a family that had ruled over Russia in complete autocratic fashion for over 300 years, however in February 1917, Nicholas II, the current Tsar, abdicated, and his brother refused the thrown. I think that it was a multitude of different factors that truly brought the Romanov Dynasty to an end, however, in my opinion the factor that truly encompassed all other factors into one fatal blow for the dynasty of his family, was the poor decision-making, stubbornness and ultimately the failures of Nicholas II as Tsar. The other factors and causes of the collapse of the Romanov Dynasty were the alienation that the Tsar created towards almost every sector of society, including the Duma, and the growing opposition that this resulted in, the First World War and its influences on society, and the also the large levels of instability that arose in the government around this time. Firstly, an important factor that must be discussed was the instable government in Russia at this point. Over the period from 1915 to 1916, Russia had seen 6 Ministers of Defence and 6 Interior Ministers. This highlights a number of different major issues in Russia at this point. Firstly it showed a fundamental lack of trust between the Tsar and his ministers. This could be taken further to show that therefore the Russian people may see the Tsar as incapable of change and fundamentally untrusting of politicians, as can be seen by his......

Words: 2692 - Pages: 11

How Far Was the Wall Street Crash the Main Cause for the Great Depression?

...RESEARCH QUESTION: How far was the Wall Street Crash the main cause for the Great Depression? A. Plan of the Investigation 1 B. Summary of Evidence 1 C. Evaluation of Sources 3 D. Analysis 5 E. Conclusion 7 F. Bibliography 8 A. Plan of the investigation The investigation considers the extent to which the Wall Street Crash was the main cause for the Great Depression that hit the Unites States throughout the 1930s, whose effects were spread worldwide. For this purpose the investigation assesses the significance of the crash in the stock market in relation to other factors that were also relevant. Through the selection and summary of relevant written sources, the investigation examines the 1920’s the domestic and international problems during the “prosperous” years that triggered the crisis. In order to reach a conclusion two of the sources: The Great Depression by Lionel Robbins and The Great Depression and The New Deal by Robert F. Himmelberg are evaluated for their origin, purpose, values and limitations. Word count: 120 B. Summary of evidence By the time the United States entered the First World War in 1917, the USA was the world’s biggest economic power[1]. Its role in providing extra equipment and a supply of fresh soldiers was instrumental in the final Allied victory[2]. The artificial prosperity of the war years was followed by an inevitable......

Words: 2701 - Pages: 11