How Weak Was Henry Vi's Kingship?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Jasmina1
Words 1046
Pages 5
How weak was Henry VI’s kingship?
Henry VI was crowned King of England in 1429 but was only an infant, therefore throughout his minority a regency council ruled in his place until 1437 when Henry reached his majority at 15 and he started his reign. His regency council consisted of his two uncles, the Duke of Bedford and the Duke of Gloucester, Bedford was senior regent therefore he went to France to protect the territories that his brother, and Henry’s father: Henry V had won. Meanwhile, Gloucester stayed in England and ruled there, this situation worked very well until Bedford died in 1435, shortly after, Henry VI began his rule. Henry was known as quite a vulnerable character, he suffered from mental illness and was manipulated by his nobles into making bad decisions and showed a disinterest in governing and politics, it is for these reasons that his kingship today is known as weak or was he just simply misunderstood?
Firstly, Henry’s use of favouritism amongst the nobility caused a lot of unrest and feuds between these noblemen, this presented his bad kingship as it meant the nobles were too busy disputing with one another that they didn’t have time to focus on running the country, also, as a King, Henry should be able to be diplomatic and play the part of a mediator when such disputes occur, not be the cause of it. The feud was split into two factions, the Duke of Somerset, Duke of Suffolk and Cardinal Beaufort on one side and Gloucester and the Richard, Duke of York on the other. It started over Henry’s decision to send Somerset to France to protect territories won by Henry V instead of York, this was a fatal decision as Somerset lost most of the territories and it was obvious that York was better cut out for the job due to his impressive military success. Also, it is important to note that York had a much stronger claim to the throne than Henry but despite…...

Similar Documents

How Was the Suspect Identified?

...DEAHow was the suspect identified? How was the crime solved? What evidence was there? What could, or should, have been done differently? While reading this case about the serial murders of John Norman Collins there were a couple of things going through my mind. While there was sufficient detail on how the murders were performed, I don’t believe there was sufficient information on the evidence that was available for Collins to be incriminated. The following is information on how he was identified, how the crime was solved with the evidence that was used, and what I thought could have been done differently. It is important to note the dates of the crimes as that could interfere with any potential tests that could have been done to incriminate Collins faster. The suspect John Norman Collins was identified for various reasons. He was seen by various witnesses in the motorcycle that was identified as the transport he used for his victims, as well as the car he used. The fact the most of the murders occurred within a close proximity of each other and most had to do with East Michigan University further pointed the evidence that he was the serial murderer. Most of the murders were the same with the victims either naked or almost naked, all women, most on their menstrual cycles. Collins had had a confrontation with a woman that he had been fondling and was on her period before hand. He was disgusted and stormed off angrily. By learning the locations of the murders as well as......

Words: 786 - Pages: 4

Kingship and Responsibility

...Chestnutt Explore the presentation of Kingship and responsibility in Shakespeare’s Henry IV part 1 and Marlowe’s Edward II. Your study should refer to relevant contextual material and also include appropriate readings of the play by other critics Kingship and responsibility are two extremely prevalent themes in the both of the plays, with every single character in Henry IV part 1 and Edward II providing the audience with an insight into both of these themes. Although each play represents these themes, the way in which they are portrayed is completely different. The two kings, Henry and Edward, juxtapose each other in the ways they deal with responsibility, with neither of them being an ideal king. The introduction to Marlowe’s Edward II raises key issues about how unsuitable Edward is to rule. It highlights how “psychological maturity eludes him; in politics and passion alike, as we have seen, he still has a boyish absolutism” (Edward II,1997) which are all accolades no ruler of men should have. Henry completely juxtaposes Edward; he represents everything that he is not for he is a far more suitable ruler, however he lacks the legitimacy to the sit on the throne which Edward has. A D Nuttall summarises how during the Elizabethan era Kingship and responsibility were approached in a completely different perspective to how us, as an audience perceive them now. He defends Henry’s actions by stating that it was “a time in history when chivalry was unknown, when men were......

Words: 2311 - Pages: 10

How Far Do These Sources Agree That Supplying the Troops Was a Significant Problem for Henry in the French War of 1513? Explain Using Sources 1, 2 and 3.

...How far do these sources agree that supplying the troops was a significant problem for Henry in the French War of 1513? Explain using sources 1, 2 and 3. These sources all agree to an extent that supplying the troops for the French War was a significant problem for Henry, whether it was because he couldn’t transport the large scale of his troops, support them with necessary victuals or he had been over ambitious about the whole campaign. All sources give sufficient evidence that Henry and Wolsey physically couldn’t provide for England’s Army, however each source support that supplying the troops was a significant problem to a degree, but some situations were worse than the other situations that Henry was facing, as well as rooting from separate issues with nothing to do with the troops. For example the transportation aspect was a major problem which source 2 and 3 explains. Source 2 and 3 agree on the potential problem of transporting ‘supplies, ordinance, artillery, victuals’. Source 2 voices this problem, ‘tonnage of fifty ships’ as it highlights that the large scale was the problem. Whereas source 3 highlights again another problem with supplying- how the actual transportation of the army and its supplies and getting it safely across the continent. However both show that supplying was a great problem. In source 3, for example it states ‘it is too great a shame to lose the ships that be lost.’- could not risk losing more men. Source 1 and 2 disagree on the problems......

Words: 703 - Pages: 3

Was Wolsey Henrys Puppet

...Look at sources C, D, E, F and G. How far do you agree with the statement that Henry was Wolsey’s puppet? From the sources C, D,E,F, and G I can create a judgement about whether or not Henry was Wolsey’s puppet or not. Firstly source C agrees with the statement. Source C is an extract from a textbook written in 1955 to educate the reader, this tells me that is a reliable source. The first point that I can learn from this source is that Wolsey was in charge of Henry VIII. It describes Wolsey as the ‘Kings chief minister’ and that ‘he was virtually the only one’. This suggests that Wolsey had control and was trusted by Henry and therefore another respectable minister was not needed. The phrase ‘the only one’ implies that Wolsey was in charge, because there was no need for any other advisors to work with him, giving the impression that he had control of the king and of his role. I can infer that the fact he was the ‘only one’ shows that he had control of Henry’s decisions to not employ any other advisors or ministers to help him. I know from my own knowledge that henry was looking for someone young and new after many of the old ministers left and Wolsey being an opportunist snapped up the job and saw a prime opportunity to gain control once in the role. He was so respected and trusted by the king, that he had no need for any other advisors because he trusted everything that Wolsey said, showing how he was the puppet and Wolsey the master. In comparison to......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

How Accurate Is It to Say That One of the Reasons That Henry V Invaded France in 1415 Was to Strengthen His Position as King of England?

...accurate to say that one of the reasons that Henry V invaded France in 1415 was to strengthen his position as King of England, but it is not the only reason nor is it necessarily the main reason; France’s domestic situation, and Scotland’s lack of threats were also reasons why England invaded France at that time. One of the main reasons why Henry V invaded France was indeed that he wanted to strengthen his position as the King of England; Henry had inherited the throne from his father, Henry IV, who had had many troubles during his reign regarding his line to the throne: many thought that Henry IV had a weak claim to the Crown, and the line to the throne was weakened by the fact that he had usurped the role from Richard II and had not been Richard’s heir. Henry V wanted to strengthen his claim to the throne and secure his position as King of England by invading France in 1415; invading France would have shown that Henry was a traditional King and intended to win his support and honour on the battle field like many of the Medieval Kings before him, showing that he could be a strong and worthy King, which also counteracted his father’s abilities in later life: Henry IV had become ill during the later years of his life and could not campaign to places like Wales and Scotland in person, meaning that he had lost some support over the years, though his son, the future Henry V, had taken over the roles of business and government. Henry would have also invaded France in 1415 to......

Words: 1116 - Pages: 5

How Far Was an Effective Foreign Policy the Key to Stability During the Reign of Henry Vii?

...accumulated in relation to the cost of battle among others are some of the factors that resulted in a kings reputation being formulated. Henry VII as a monarch has a reputation of rebuild and restructure in regards to foreign policy and kingship, but the extent to which foreign policy is the key to stability can be assessed. Known as the ‘auld alliance’, reputation with France had shaped the support among the population of monarchs for years upon years. Henry VII was seen to be in a legacy of debt to the French king after he has supported Henry Tudors claim to the throne. In previous years control of France had made the reputation of the king but this time it could be seen as the ultimate controlling factor. Immediately this was seen to act as a stabilising factor, this left the English king in a position of comfort knowing that a positive relationship with France has already been achieved and did not have to be forced. However, in 1482 Henry was seen to send troops to support Anne, the Duchess of Brittany against France. Although this action was not one of aggression, and certainly didn’t compromise stability. Henry admitted his troops towards the end of the year which stressed that he only intended for a short campaign. The number of troops that were sent were also limited but were strong enough to show England as a powerful force to its neighbours. This was a tactical success for the crown of England, showing them with power but also with a suitable level of respect for......

Words: 2276 - Pages: 10

How Successful Was the Third Crusade

...DATE \@ "d MMMM y" 19 November 2014 History Essay How Successful was the Third Crusade? The Third Crusade’s ultimate objective was to recapture the Holy Land. When they returned without this the overwhelming opinion was that they had failed on there efforts. However, they returned with far more than they had left with, gaining new territories and matching the previously “immortal” Saladin throughout the expedition. They managed to gain a highly useful treaty with him. These successes were met with substantial failures though, including the death of the German Emperor Frederick Barbarossa whilst crossing Anatolia and the return of Philip II to France to deal with internal threats. However, the Crusaders took the port of Acre as well as taking Cyprus from the Byzantines. Overall I would say the Crusade failed because they did not retake Jerusalem, but the Crusader’s achievements were still considerable considering how tough the task was originally, and the fact they were fighting a full strength Muslim army. A major success of the second Crusade was how well prepared the Crusade troops were thanks to Richard I’s vast preparation. Richard was an experienced soldier and he knew exactly what was required for a successful Crusade. As soon as he was crowned king in 1190, he channeled all his resources (Normandy, Aquitaine etc) towards applying the Crusader’s with what they needed to be successful. Richard knew just how tough it was to even get to the Holy Land, let alone......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5

How Strong Was Wessex at King Alfred's Death in 899?

...Unit F965 - Historical Investigations How Strong was Wessex at the death of Alfred in 899? It is a commonly held belief that Alfred, the only English king to have ever been afforded the epithet “Great”, successfully strengthened the kingdom of Wessex by the end of his reign (871 to 899). Indeed, by expanding his kingdom to include the rump of Mercia Alfred became known as anglorum saxonum rex or King of the Anglo-Saxons and not merely Wessex whose kingdom he had strengthened by such expansion. Despite Alfred’s organization of the administration of his kingdom, his extensive military reforms such as the establishment of his Burghal System, and his attempts to secure the throne for his successors some historians argue that in fact Alfred’s successors were the true strengtheners of Wessex, covering his failures and shortcomings even suggesting that “Alfred owed much to his successors”. It is true that Wessex became stronger and more powerful in the years following Alfred’s death by encompassing East Anglia in 917 and the entirety of Mercia and some may credit this to Alfred’s successors. However, the systems of administration and defence that Alfred put in place through his reign were capitalised on by future monarchs and that Wessex was indeed left in a strong position at the death of Alfred in 899. Some historians believe that Alfred’s Burghal System, described as “the most important element in his programme”, was integral in ensuring the strength and survival of his...

Words: 2338 - Pages: 10

How Far Had Henry Vii Consolidated Power by 1489?

...The act of consolidating power means bringing together the separate parts of the society for one person to control. Henry VII felt that he had to go to extreme measures in order to consolidate his power - firstly due to the political instability following the Battle of Bosworth, but also because he had an illegitimate claim to the throne, compared to Elizabeth of York and other Yorkists who had a much stronger claim. Throughout this essay I will outline the challenges Henry faced while trying to consolidate power, including the factors that he had to overcome such as creating an heir to the throne, how he treated his opponents and supporters and how he dealt with the nobility. Henry won the throne in the Battle of Bosworth after defeating Richard III. As the usurper, his support and acceptance from the public was always going to be dubious; his throne was very insecure. But after being crowned in Westminster and calling a successful parliament who swore an allegiance to their new king, it was clear that the English public were in support of the Lancastrian. Cunningly, Henry dated his reign one day before the battle occurred, thus protecting him from any later potential accusations of treason. He pardoned many of the Yorkists who fought against him at Bosworth, proving his capability of a compassionate and peaceful leadership. However, he did not hesitate in imprisoning and executing some of his opponents either. Parliament also introduced the Act of Attainder, which......

Words: 1013 - Pages: 5

How Significant Was the Reichstag Fire?

...How Significant was the Reichstag Fire? On the night of the 27th of February, 1933, the Reichstag building in Berlin burned down in an act declared by the Nazi Party to be the inception of a widespread communist uprising. The Reichstag Fire, as it was called, can be observed as one of the most significant events in the formation of Nazi Germany through its pivotal role in the reduction of civil liberties of Germany’s citizens and the emergence of a near dictatorial regime within the Weimar Republic. The significance of the fire lies in its role as a catalyst towards effecting the power that the Nazi Party would hold throughout the 1930’s as a result of the various decrees and laws passed in response to it. There is little doubt that the party would have come to similar power with time, but by utilising the fire as part of a communist plot to overthrow the German government, Adolf Hitler created a political and social environment susceptible to his control. The direct consequences of the fire were great, both in terms of political gain and the restriction of rights for the Nazi party’s adversaries, which at that point was predominantly the communist community. These greater holds on power were provided chiefly through the instigation of the Reichstag Decree and the Enabling Act along with the utilisation of political alliances between the police force and the Nazi Party. To understand the resounding effect of the fire, the general political environment in Germany before......

Words: 1883 - Pages: 8

How Successful Was Henry Vii in Achieving Foreign Policy Objectives

...How successful was Henry VII in fulfilling his foreign policy objectives? Generally speaking, overall, Henry VII was successful in fulfilling his foreign policy objectives. Although he did not achieve a number of things in the way he endeavoured to, Henry VII achieved the majority of his foreign policy objectives one way or another. Firstly, Brittany, a part of Europe where Henry spent a large part of his life, was under attack by the French and faced losing their independence, following an invasion in 1487. Henry felt as though he had a duty and sense of obligation to the Britons, and therefore summoned Parliament to grant him extraordinary revenue in order to raise an army sufficient enough to battle against the French. Crushing the potential French control of Brittany was very important to Henry, as by doing so would decrease the possibility of France invading England. This soon became one of Henry's main foreign policy objective, to defend Brittany and potentially, England. Additionally, England and Brittany signed the Treaty of Redon in 1489, in which, Duchess Anne would pay for a small English army to defend Brittany. Henry strived to strengthen is position by forming an alliance with Maximilian. Maximilian had contracted a marriage-by-proxy with Anne, and had no desire fro the Duchy of Brittany to fall into the French hands. The army went to Brittany to support their freedom, but Anne had lost her motive, and reluctantly married Charles VIII. To make things......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

How Did Henry Vi Guarentee Loyalty

...* How did Henry VI guarantee loyalty? After defeating Richard III at Bosworth, Henry VII faced many difficulties in holding on to the power he gained. Many Yorkist’s disliked Henry VII while others believed they had claims to the throne that should be addressed. During Henry’s reign he made sure that the nobility’s power was reduced to reduce the threat of Henry himself being overthrown. Firstly, Henry VII passed special laws called attainders. These allowed people to be declared guilty of treason without a trial, often leading to execution. Henry believed that the execution of the family member would cripple the family for good. Also, the property that was owned by the family of the guilty person would be absorbed into the crown, increasing Henry’s land and wealth. This brought in extra finance to the King. Henry believed that nobles were a threat to him, and if they got too wealthy they could pose a threat to the throne. Henry largely abandoned Edward IV tradition of rewarding loyal people with rewards such as land, because he didn’t want to increase the power of nobles, and instead aimed to control people’s loyalty through fear. Therefore by using attainders, not only was he reducing the land and power nobles had, but he was increasing the possessions of his own, therefore making himself more powerful. Therefore Henry’s use of enforcers could have deterred nobles from wanting to become too powerful, because they knew the severe consequences that could......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

To What Extent Was Henry Vii a Great King.

...Henry VII does not deserve to be called a great king. Above all he was lucky. How far do you agree with this? I agree with this statement to an extent because at certain points during Henry's reign, considering the way in which he dealt with situations, it indicates that Henry was very lucky. For example, when rebellions arose during his rule, he initially never had a plan to follow before the rebellions actually occurred so he was always unprepared for them. The only reason as to why Henry was successful in putting them down was because the rebellions themselves are argued to not be as serious as they seem since they were more or less like protests rather than attempts to seize the throne e.g. the Yorkshire rebellion 1489 which was created by the introduction of parliamentary tax. Also, the fact that there even was rebellions goes to show that Henry wasn't respected and feared among the public which suggests that Henry's rule wasn’t stable and strong so therefore, he wasn't a 'great' king considering he couldn't control the public in his own kingdom. However, I also disagree with this statement due to the fact that Henry did do some considerable activities which suggest that his successful reign wasn’t based on luck and that is was based on his astute reign. For instance, Henry thrivingly controlled his personal finances and lead to them being increased by a considerable amount from a previously empty pot (due to the fact that previous monarchs were involved in civil wars)....

Words: 722 - Pages: 3

How Far Do You Agree That the Most Important Reason for Wolsey’s Fall from Power Was His Failure to Gain a Divorce for Henry Viii?

...important reason for Wolsey’s fall from power was his failure to gain a divorce for Henry VIII, how far do you agree? Wolsey’s dismissal from Henry’s court came in September 1529, though Wolsey had a plethora of failures before, his fall his failure to get a divorce for Henry VIII proved to be the most significant. This is because Wolsey’s strength of position depended on whether he got Henry what he wanted and the divorce was the most obvious case of Wolsey’s failure to do so. For this reason, this essay will argue that the most important reason for the fall of Wolsey was his failure to get a divorce for Henry VIII. Some argue that Wolsey’s failure was due to his alienation of common people. In his early days, Wolsey sought to ensure that common people got justice through his establishment of the Star Chamber. However, this egalitarian attitude faded during Wolsey’s later years and Wolsey’s own corruptness meant that he fell out of favour with the public. Within the area of the Church, Wolsey was guilty of absenteeism, pluralism and nepotism – appointing his illegitimate son (Thomas Wynter) to high positions in the Church. Furthermore, though his attempt to raise money for Henry’s foreign campaigns came in the form of the Amicable Grant 1525 (a heavy tax) failed, Wolsey was not dismissed on the grounds of this. From this we can see that Wolsey’s alienation from the ‘common’ people did not cause his fall, but something else. Henry did blame the Amicable Grant on Wolsey......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

How Advertising Was Started in India?

...|How Did Advertising Start in India? | | |By B Sumangal; Illustration by Anup Singh | |The first newspaper in India was brought out by an Englishman James Augustus Hickey in 1780 who was stationed at Calcutta. The | |paper was brought out on Saturdays and was first called the Calcutta General Advertiser or Hickey's Bengal Gazette. | | | |Publishing a newspaper is an expensive business as Hickey realised to his cost. He was losing money faster than the newspapers | |came out of the printing press. To make ends meet, Hickey decided to take on advertisements or ads. | | | |The earliest ads consisted of simple messages 'classified' into different categories for easy reference with a mailing address | |from where they could be ordered. These became the forerunner of today's classified advertisements in newspapers. For instance, | |today's newspaper carry sale of autos, electronic items, domestic services, pets, etc under these headings. | | ...

Words: 823 - Pages: 4