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Humanistic and Existencial Theory Paper

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Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories
PSY/405

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories A personality is similar to a fingerprint, it is distinctive. The Humanistic and existential theories of personality illustrate self-actualization, motivation, existentialism and person-centered theory. Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs explicate the humanistic theory of motivation. Man achieves a situation in life established as self-actualization; nevertheless, the principle to achieving self-actualization a high level need, commence with fulfilling lower -level needs. Even though lower-level needs contributed to importance with satisfying higher level needs and completely self-actualization, passing over other lower-level needs do happen. Carl Roger’s Client-centered theory as well humanistic has a formative tendency. Roger’s deemed every substance either organic or inorganic developed from uncomplicated forms to further complicated forms (Feist & Feist, 2009). The self and self-actualization is motivated by motivations, satisfying individual needs and recognizing oneself was significant from Roger’s viewpoint. Regrettably, hindrance to psychological health much like disorganization incongruence and defensiveness may happen. Roger’s Client-centered theory illustrates a model of individuality and the different factors which involve persons’ development. Additionally May has employed Existential psychology, summarizing the significance of Maslow’s and Roger’s humanistic theories. May’s methodology to comprehension to a being is through clinical practice (Feist & Feist, 2009). Persons, who not have guts to countenance their expectations and fortune, focus themselves to rejection and recognition of tasks. Human existence is established on development and transformation, differentiate distinguishing subject matter and thing, probing for different sense in life, conscientiousness of whom and what a being will develop into, and the make use of an anti-theoretical approach (Feist & Feist, 2009). May had a method akin to Maslow and Roger’s, reasonably significant and employed for psychotherapy, human existence is well recognized by the approaches of Maslow, Rogers, and May, their support help build up a well awareness of the individual and self- perception.
Analyzing Humanistic and Existential Theories Existential personality theory brings to light the significance of being and person’s conscientiousness for individual psychological subsistence. The same as explicated in (Feist & Feist, 2009) May deemed that the theory of analyzing human personality is a factor to survival and not mere individual. Just to say, in order that a person to take hold of or admit everything in the universe, one must recognize oneself. An individual ought to be capable to have compassion one’s perception and the meaning of one’s identity and awareness of one’s personality. Similar to explanation in (Feist & Feist, 2009), different individuals endure the anxiety and depression caused by isolation from individuality or the reality. Once a person has no transparent reflection of individuality, may get away from a feeling of oneself.

Even though many persons could lose a sense of touch, an individual could boast a healthy sense of oneself known as Eigenwelt. Eigenwelt is a person’s association with oneself and consciousness of the occurrence and be familiar with. Existential personality theory assert a person would necessitate to admit the understanding of existing and passing away to completely mature. As explained in (Feist & Feist, 2009), a person necessitate not merely take hold of the concept of existence which an individual requires to be conscious of inexistence or to be free of death. Existential theory contribution with one’s individuality has pointed out the recognition of individual life encounter and strives.

A person in order to achieve oneself complete capability, would encounter typical anxiety, at the time there is development and transformation at hand. A person could encounter anxiety, which is natural once difference happens. Nevertheless, once a person encounters neurotic anxiety or bearing, the person has not yet submitted with life encounter or strives. Once a person rejected to submit with life strives and refute the real problem, the person will tackle the sense of guilt. As explained in (Feist& Feist, 2009), guilt could be either a positive and negative problem that have an effect on one’s individuality. Supposing a person brings into play one’s guilt to achieve complete potential through preferences, it will grow a healthy personality relatively than neurotic anxiety for the reason that it gives a sense of freedom.

Comparable to Existentialism, Humanism is a wide-ranging theory of analyzing personality. Humanism put emphasis on the own meaning of the person and human standards, Maslow and Rogers theorists who provided to self-actualization. Rogers theory to personality affirmed, a person struggle to improve one’s being. Boeree (1998), asserts: the whole body is created on a on its own force, that struggle to bring about the finest of their being (para. 1). Rogers humanistic theory summed up that a person is liable for one’s life as parallel to existentialism. A person, in order to reach one’s individual capability, the physical and psychological wants ought to be satisfied first to develop self-actualization.

On the other hand, differences happen if a person’s life encounter were unenhanced or appreciated as dreadful, while those that improved potential, are appreciated as worthy. As explained by Boeree (1998), it is significant for a person to be given a positive favor at some stage in upbringing for the reason that if a person was not given a positive favor the encounter would consequence as terrible restrictive self-actualization; while those valued as good will develop self-actualization. To say, individuals are inspirited by willpower to achieve self-actualization. Abraham Maslow, akin to Rogers centered on positive factors of personality. Maslow was captivated with relevance in the behavior of individuals and the manner that they are stimulated to be given the finest in existence.

Maslow believed human want or desires as a hierarchy of needs such as physiological, love, esteem, protection and security, and self-actualization. As explained in (Feist & Feist, 2009), Maslow deemed that every human being could be self-actualizing for the reason that human life include a likelihood of being a good person. To practically say that, every human being possesses a necessity to achieve prospective and motivated by the constant wants to be self-actualize. Although some may not be fully aware of the reasons behind his or her behavior, they will continue to strive to maintain their existence to become self-actualize. Whereas humanistic and existential psychology both stresses existence and freedom, they each understand the concepts differently, existential psychology limits was restricted on growth and stimulus of personality, humanists force was freedom is tolerant from restrictive situation of value; as soon as freedom is reached a person will be self-actualize.

Humanistic and Existential Influence on Interpersonal Relationships Accordingly, May’s existential theory identified important stress on the interpersonal relationships of human beings. One of the most important causes that a person arises to anxiety and guilt is for the reason of the seclusion they have from other persons (Feist & Feist, 2009). An individual is merely capable to ascertain the reality by their own prejudiced senses, and this involves other people. Nevertheless, this prejudiced conclusion frequently turned up with inaccuracy, and it is this lack of ability to conclude the wants of other people which progress to guilt (Feist & Feist, 2009). In different means, an individual’s welfare is straightforwardly attached into healthy interpersonal relationships. Furthermore existentialism observed that persons are basically on one’s own, with the tasks of preference left only up to the person. Humanistic theory as well emphasizes the significance of interpersonal relationships. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs possesses belongingness and love necessitate like one of the higher levels which individuals have to reach and become self-actualized (Feist & Feist, 2009). Interpersonal relationships are significant for individuals to encounter. Dietch (1978) cited that Maslow deemed that love and belongingness are essential for inadequacies, and it is a process stimulated by the same craving for self-actualization. A research proved that individuals who possessed healthy romantic relationships achieved higher in terms of self-actualization (Deitch, 1978).
Conclusion
In spite of everything the two American psychologists, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers commenced for this further methodology to comprehending personality and enhancing the contentment of people, as stated by Rollo May and Existentialists, by at large, more often, live in this world which include a refusal of our complete compassion with its anxiety and guilt and death. Humanists like Carl Rogers understand humans as worthy or well; or relatively, not awful or not well. To practically say, humanists understand that mental health is in the role of a usual development of life, and mental sickness, atrocity, and different human tribulations, like deception of that natural tendency, that Rogers labeled as self-actualization. Contrasting Maslow, Rogers made use of the terminology to indicate to the force which all living thing has to grow to be, each that it can become, such as Adler's belief of motivated for perfection (Boeree, 2003). The existing is the generally imperative characteristic of the individual and as a result humanists converged in the present day before gazing at the history or attempting to foresee the future. Humanistic theory is reality-based and to be psychologically healthy individuals ought to bear task for them, either the process are positive or negative. The person, simply human being, holds an intrinsic value. Process might not be positive however this does not reverse the worth of the individual. The objective of life must continuously be to reach individual development and knowledge. Simply by way of self-improvement and self-knowledge could a person in reality be contented (AllPsych.com, 2003).

References
AllPsych.com. (2003). Personality Synopsis. Retrieved May 28, 2011, from http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/humanistic.html

Boeree, G. (1998). Personality Theories: Carl Rogers. http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/rogers.html

Dietch, J. (1978). Love, sex roles, and psychological health. Journal of Personality Assessment, 42(6), 626-634. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Feist, J., & Feist, G.J. (2009). Theories of personality (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.…...

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