Icts for Improving the Maternal Health

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Darthane
Words 4614
Pages 19
Impact of ICTs on MDGs:
Improve the Maternal Health
Workgroup C|IE MiM – S2
Technology & Innovation Management
Dr. Israr Qureshi

Contents
Introduction: 3
Maternal Health and ICT Usage in India 5
Maternal Health Initiatives with Mobile Components 5
Commonalities and Improvements of Current ICT Solutions 6
How to Leverage ICTs in Accomplishing the MDG 9
Proposed Feasible ICT-Based Solution 10
Conclusion 15
References 18

Introduction:
Since the United Nations Millennium Declaration in September 2000, the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of improving maternal health has unfortunately not made the progress it set out to (The United Nations, 2015, a). Many information & communications technology (ICT) improvements towards this initiative have been made since 2000, however there is still a large amount of maternal mortality before, during, and after pregnancy around the world.
The maternal health MDG was divided into 2 targets. The first target was to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by 75% between 1990 and 2015, however only 43% has been achieved so far (The United Nations, 2015:40-43). This maternal mortality statistic also reflects the eight million babies that die every year between the prenatal stage and the first week of life. Moreover, there is a large yearly amount of children left motherless that are statistically more prone to die during the first years after their mother has died (Unicef.org, 2015). The second target was to reach universal access to reproductive health by 2015. These results show even less progress as only 50% of pregnant women receive the minimum amount of four antenatal visits recommended during pregnancy (The United Nations, 2015:40). This percentage is even smaller in Southern Asia with just 36% of pregnant women receiving antenatal visits (See Exhibit 1) (The United Nations, 2015:43).
Governments, United…...

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