Impact of Secondary Socialization

In: Social Issues

Submitted By kwesihammah
Words 3238
Pages 13
1.1 Background of the study
Every society shapes its children in the image of its own culture(Berger and Berger 1979). In ancient Sparta, young boys were taught discipline, obedience, physical prowess and self-denial through harsh treatment and deprivation. In nearby Athens , parents raised their sons to be artistically sensitive and broadly educated as well as athletic. These practices produced quite different individuals as well as societies( Berger and Berger , 1979). The process of instilling such fundamental elements of culture in a society’s new members is called socialization. The nature of the human animal both allows and requires socialization(Elkin and Handel, 1984,p.18). Through socialization people learn to participate effectively in the communities to which they belong. When people from all walks of life with different cultures converge at one place for educational purposes there is usually a clash of cultures and through interaction and new socialization it is possible to create a new culture where these people can learn to co-exist with their differences, they learn from each other and learn to integrate new norms and values with their existing ones. This is known as resocialization or secondary socialization. Secondary socialization takes place outside the home. It is where children and adults learn how to act in a way that is appropriate for the situations that they are in. schools require very different behavior from the home. Students act according to new rules. Educational institutions play a very important role in secondary socialization. In fact Parsons suggested the schools often bridge the gap between primary and secondary socialization. During primary socialization they learn the particular values of their family circle but at school the children are exposed to the values of the community and…...

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