Interpersonal Attraction

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jojo18
Words 1208
Pages 5
Interpersonal Attraction

Factors affecting attraction 1. Need for Affiliation 1. Evolution 1. Proximity 1. Emotion 1. Attractiveness 1. Similarity 1. Theories of Attraction

Evolution 1. It is adaptive – perpetuation of species 1. E.g. Men attractive due to wealth, power, social status – providers 1. Women attractive due to looks - fertility

Need for Affiliation

What is? • The motive to seek and maintain social relationships • Neurobiology Rowe (1996) – We’re born with it
Personality affects the need • Schizoid persons • Dismissive avoidant styles • Dependent persons
Situational Factors • Crisis situations increase the need for affiliation – natural disasters, reminders of mortality • Fear & affiliation – Strong correlation between fear & Need to Aff

Why Crises/Fear Lead to Need for Aff • Social Comparison Theory Festinger (1954) – We seek out others – To interpret our reactions – To find support for these actions – Under stress – we seek others to explain situation

Proximity
What is? • Liking for persons increases the more we see and interact with them • Races

Reason for Effect • Exposure

Festinger, Schacter & Back (1950) • Experiment tracking friendships among couples in apartment buildings • Couples randomly assigned to apts • Couples strangers on entry • Couples asked to name 3 closest friends • 65% chose friends in same building • Pattern of friendships within a building • 41% of next-door neighbors close friends • 22% of those living two doors down friends • Only 10% of those on opposite ends of hall friends

Types of situations in which relationships begin • Closed field situations – forced interaction amongst persons…...

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