Intro Counselling

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By neenersheahan
Words 358
Pages 2
TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents

The Research Paper Factory

Join Search Browse Saved Papers

Home Page » Philosophy and Psychology

Personal Theory of Counseling
In: Philosophy and Psychology
Personal Theory of Counseling
ALTER THIS PAPER....IT HAS BEEN SUBMITTED TO TURN IT IN....USING IT VERBATIN WILL RESULT IN A 100 MARK AND IDENTIFICATION WITH ANOTHER STUDENT PAPER...IN OTHER WORDS, YOU WILL BE FOUND TO BE COMPLETELY CHEATING AND MAY BE EXPELLED FROM YOUR UNIVERSITY...I WOULD USE IT AS A GUIDE, A LAUNCHING POINT....SOMETHING YOU COULD PARAPHRASE OR BORROW SOME IDEAS...

Personal Theory of Counseling or Psychotherapy
Personal Theory of Counseling or Psychotherapy
Personal Theory of Counseling of Counseling or Psychotherapy
Introduction
This application paper will discuss my personal theory of counseling or psychotherapy in a number of different areas. Specifically, I will discuss the seven areas of interest. First, I will discuss and describe my basic view of human nature, Second, I will determine key factors that account for changes in behavior. Third, I will describe the nature of the therapist client relationship and its importance. Fourth, I will describe key functions and role of the therapist. Fifth, I will discuss the goals of therapy. Sixth, I will determine the techniques and theories of my approach. Seventh, I will discuss specific client issues best suited for my approach. (Walden University, 2012).
In this paper I plan to describe and explain my own personal model for counseling. My personal model of counseling uses Gestalt Therapy, Person Centered Therapy, Existential Therapy and Adlerian Therapy which I think complement one another well

My Basic View of Human Nature
My basic view of human nature is a combination of Person -Centered, Gestalt and Existential…...

Similar Documents

Counselling

...GREAT LAKES UNIVERSITY OF KISUMU FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES DEPARTMENT OF NURSING COURSE CODE: EPS 121 COURSE NAME: COUNSELLING NAME OF STUDENT: EDWIN VICTOR ODHIAMBO ADMISSION NO: BSN/12 – M/01 DATE: 8TH NOVEMBER 2012 HOME WORK COUNSELLING ASSIGNMENT ASSIGNMENT 1: CONTRAST BETWEEN PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY AND HUMANISTIC COUNSELLING ASSIGNMENT 2: WHAT IS THE FOCUS ON HUMANISTIC COUNSELLING? LECTURER: PASTOR OWINO PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY Sigmund Freud is credited as the founder of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory.  There have been a multitude of variations that have evolved and the term most often used to broadly encompass these approaches is "Psychodynamic."  Terms such as: neurosis, conflict, attachment, object relations, unconscious, defense mechanisms, id, ego, superego, drives, libido, transference, counter-transference, and countless more have emerged from this approach.  Some of the major approaches within the psychodynamic category are: Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud), Adlerian Psychotherapy (Alfred Adler), Analytical Psychotherapy(Carl Jung), Object Relations (Mahler, Winnicott, Fairbairn, Klein, Gutrip, Kernberg and others), and Self Psychology (Heinz Kohut). Freud's original theories were based on the conflicts that he believed were at the core of human existence.  These conflicts emerge from attempts to reconcile our biological selves with our social selves.  Aspects of these......

Words: 2122 - Pages: 9

Intro

...‘informal’ understanding of the credibility of the borrower and are able to structure their loans appropriately. History The non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) flourished in India in the decade of the 1980s against the backdrop of a highly regulated banking sector. The simplified sanction procedures and low entry barriers encouraged the entry of a host of NBFCs. Initially the major activities of the NBFC were confined to equipment leasing, hire purchase and loans. In the post-liberalisation era the NBFCs have diversified to other activities such as bill discounting, investments, venture capital, housing finance, consumer finance, factoring and equity participation, and fee based activities such as merchant banking, consultancy and counselling, loan/lease syndication, portfolio management service, stock broking, debt trading, underwriting etc. The growth of NBFCs however could not be sustained. It slowed down during 1994-95 and 1998-99. This year 1997 saw a sharp increase in scams among NBFCs. in many cases mismanagement / lack of efficient management resulted in problems arising out of adverse portfolio selection, imprudent operations, and inability to manage risk both on asset and liability side. In many cases due to non availability of adequate credit from the banking sector NBFCs had to rely excessively on unsecured public deposits for their existence /survival by paying higher rate of interest. To service such high cost deposits, some NBFCs were forced to......

Words: 1498 - Pages: 6

Outdoors Counselling

..."There are a broad range of counselling micro skills that can be utilized effectively in therapy sessions. Within the context of their personal history, effective micro skill applications can encourage clients to tell their stories in colourful and extensive detail. Such effective implementation of micro skills facilitates the development of rapport and a positive therapeutic alliance thereby permitting clients to enrich their perspectives regarding problem and opportunity situations in their lives (Egan, 2007). Three important counseling techniques will be explored, all of which have been clinically demonstrated to be efficacious in a broad range of counseling settings (Egan). The skills of active listening, empathy and sharing empathic highlights will be discussed and analysed within the framework of a counselling case study. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to examine the use, efficacy and deficiencies of how these skills were employed within a counselling session with a mother, let's call her Mary. Mary presented to counselling with a five year history of frustrated attempts to get her daughter to sleep consistently in her own bed. On one hand, she had gone to extraordinary efforts to influence and sustain effective sleep patterns in her daughter. On the other, a feeling of being out of control permeated drained resourcefulness. Mary felt she was too compliant with her daughter's unwilling behaviour and sought help from a counsellor. The surface structure......

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Counselling Today

...Diploma in Counselling and Psychotherapy – year three, module one ‘Can we ever leave the past behind? 3058 words Introduction In this essay, approaches from Object Relations Theory and Erik Erikson’s theory of Life Stages are examined. The approaches are applied to illustrative clinical material taken from a fictional character. In addition, the essay uses Michael Jacob’s model of ‘The Triangle of Insight’ to facilitate the treatment and the exchanges that occur in supervision. Elizabeth Pargetter[1] Eight months after the sudden death of her husband and business partner Nigel, in a tragic accident, Elizabeth Pargetter (neé Archer) presented at her first counselling session. Whilst still experiencing the agony of her loss, she said that things were now beginning to move on in some parts of life. Her bond with the children, 11 year old twins Lily and Freddie, was strong and, although sometimes sad, they were coping well. The business, Lower Loxley – a stately home and conference centre, was also thriving and, after some initial reluctance, Elizabeth said that she has now taken on some very capable staff who had known Nigel and shared with her the history of the family and Lower Loxley Hall. Elizabeth said that, whilst appearing outwardly to cope with the children and the business, there were areas in her life that were of great concern that she had not been able to talk to anyone about. She said...

Words: 3072 - Pages: 13

Intro

...Student: ASHLEY KRUEGER Instructor: McGraw - Hill Course: Connect For Education Connect Lucas GENERIC Sp10 - CFE Title: Ashley Krueger Specific Purpose: My purpose is to inform my audience about growing up and who I am now. Central Idea: Intro Sensitive, caring-sometimes too much, gets frustrated easily, honest, respectful, unfocused, and worrisome. These are just a handful of my traits and what makes me, me. I have learned many things over the last few years that have determined the type of person I want to be and who I don't. I have my good days and definitely my bad days, but all of these have helped me learn and grow. I will be letting you know of 4 different things about me. Where I come from, they type of person I was heading towards, how I have changed over the last few years and the type of person I want to be. Body I was born and raised in Springfield, Mo. It was my sister and I until I was 8, we wished and wished for my parents to have a baby boy. Well my mom got pregnant, but it was another girl. So we got a sister. At the age of 14 my parents got a divorce and since then I have gained a step-bro and sis and a half sis. It is a lot of fun for the most part having a big family because you always have someone to lean on and talk to. I am the oldest so I of course had the most responsibility and have had people that look up to me; I needed to be a good role model. I feel like I have done an okay job, with the exception of......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Counselling Reflection

...RUNNING HEAD: Reflection on counseling 1 Reflection on counseling session recording Chua Ci Jie Introduction to Counselling James Cook University, Singapore Reflection on counseling Reflection on counseling Counseling is interpreted as a therapeutic practice of utilizing dialogue to assist clients in better understand and coping with their individual problems or health issues (Counseling, 2003). The individuality of the counselor has been extensively regarded as a vital tool in the provision of productive counselling sessions (Pieterse, Lee, Ritmeester & Collins, 2013) and has commonly introduced as “self as instrument” (Baldwin, 2000; McWilliams, 2004 as cited in Pieterse, Lee, Ritmeester & Collins, 2013). Therefore, the therapist’s application of self as instrument 2 affirm on the need for the counselor to have a satisfactory measure of self-awareness (Pieterse, Lee, Ritmeester & Collins, 2013). This essay attempts to enhance my individual self-awareness through reflecting on the counselling session, including the micro skills attempted as well as my strengths and weaknesses in conjunction with the micro skills. Biases and personal values are also identified. Counseling Session Opening I focused on trust building and goal setting in the opening section of counseling session to better facilitate the later session. Mutual trust between both the client and therapist is identified to be one of the significant elements to increase the effectiveness of the......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Counselling and Guidance

...As a counsellor, I should always remember that I must respect my client’s integrity. I shall not disclose the information to a third party. But in this case, I have to justify on what to tell and what not to tell. I learned that revealing information that the student disclosed to me can ruin the counselling relationship. The student, John Doe is my client and I would have my responsibility to keep the conversation between John and I confidential. Firstly, I would make my decision based on my understanding about the four teachers, their history, relationship with students, and whether they are trustworthy. Next, I would consult others by asking suggestion from a professional psychologist or have a talk with school principal and a senior school counsellor. Then, I would tell them I will have to seek for John’s permission for disclosing some information about him. If I would have make a decision whether to tell or not to tell the teachers on the spot, I would keep most of the information about the John, and answer only a general question asked by them. When required to disclose confidential information without a client’s permission, school counsellors are to reveal only “essential” information (ACA, 1995). According to Phillips (2007), this ethical dilemma is “nearly a constant struggle for school counsellors and can create a dynamic tension within the educational environment, where the students’ right to confidentiality needs to be weighed against others’ needs to know”. As a......

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5

Counselling in Schools

...Adeyemi Idowu ABSTRACT The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept of roles and functions in counselling and in so doing the writer highlights the expected roles of counsellors and their functions in Nigerian Schools. GENERAL BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF STUDY Guidance and Counselling, as an educational service and academic discipline, has received much more public attention in Nigeria than any other field of education in the last one or two decades. Speeches have been made by various public officers in education (both Federal , and State), educationists, and private individuals alike, and all have addressed the need to revamp Nigeria's educational system with a more productive and functional type that incorporates guidance and counselling. In a landmark address delivered at the 1976 launching ceremony of the Counselling Association of Nigeria (CAN), Colonel (Dr.) Ahmadu All, then Federal Commissioner of Education, stated, inter alia: Guidance and counselling is an educational innovation that enjoys my full support. Any educational system will be deficient without educational guidance. Our students' need to be helped by personal counselling, career education and vocational guidance to discover their talents, aptitudes and to make intelligent career decisions, (pp. 1-2) The Federal. Government of Nigeria also endorsed its total commitment and support to the guidance and counselling movement when in the 1977 (revised in 1981) National Policy on Education (NPE), it......

Words: 5145 - Pages: 21

What Is Counselling

...essay will reflect on counselling, and include what I think that is, and how it differs from other forms of helping. I will analyse and compare the different types of counselling, giving specific examples of how they vary from each other. This essay will also evaluate some of my personal experiences of having professional counselling which will enable the reader to gain an authentic perspective from the clients viewpoint. This essay will also state some of my own perspectives on what counselling is and what counselling has done for me personally. I will also demonstrate my understanding of the laws and legal implications of counselling Counselling can be a complex and abstract subject. Everyone has their own opinions on what counselling is. I am currently a student at Ty Elis training to be an integrative counsellor. This means that the therapist uses an approach which uses element from different forms of counselling and psychotherapy. After being a client and receiving personal therapy for a period of 18 months and now having started training to be a therapist myself, my own views on counselling have changed considerably. The BACP defines counselling as “Counselling and psychotherapy are umbrella terms that cover a range of talking therapies. They are delivered by trained practitioners who work with people over a short or long term to help them bring about effective or enhance their wellbeing”. Before I explain the different types of counselling I am going to......

Words: 2185 - Pages: 9

Stages in Counselling

...According to Nelson-Jones (2012), counselling is defined as a process where the counsellor or helper’s aim is to assist the client in helping themselves by the choices they make in their life. Through their skills and understanding of the clients, the counsellor uses interventions that are specific to the client to help them changes negative thinking, feelings and behaviour. This can lead to a more positive and less stressful life for the client, if the counselling relationship is successful. The success of this is based on the different stages of counselling, where both counsellor and client play and active role. The stages in the counselling process are Establishing a working relationship, Identifying Clients Problem, Helping The Client Create Goals, Encouraging Client Exploration and Taking Action and Termination (Corey & Corey, 2011; Hackeny & Cormie, 2005). Establishing a Working Relationship is the first stage in the counselling processes according to Corey and Corey. From my point of view, this stage is concerned with building the therapeutic relationship. It is at this stage the counsellor prepares the client for the process and clarifying any concerns the client might have. Patterson and Welfel (2005) emphasised that at this stage, there must be open communication, and trust to remote client self-exploration. This will encourage the client to open up more, and be more willing to actively engage in the counselling process. As the client begins to relay their story...

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Ethics and Counselling

...workers and management to help them conduct their actions in accordance with its primary values and ethical standards. It also can be explained as a particular kind of policy statement. A properly framed code is, in effect, a form of legislation within the company binding on its employees, with specific penalty for violation of the code. A counsellor is a highly trained person who is able to use a vast rand of counselling approaches with their clients. Counsellors are also individuals that make an impact in people directly. Therefore it is essential that the counsellors have a guided framework in order to provide their service efficiently. When one starts working as a counsellor, ethical dilemmas are inevitable. Therefore having a code of ethics guides the counsellor to conduct their work in an ethical manner which is effective. It will also assist the counsellor to guide the client in a positive yet professional way in order help the client with their need. Here I will be discussing the importance of having a code of ethics in counselling, using the ACA (American Counselling Association) Code of Ethics. Afterwards I will elucidate the relevance of having a Code of Ethics in the Sri Lankan context. *** All the human beings are inter-connected. Whatever they learn, whatever task they do, they are indirectly involved with another human person. For an example, one may say that a carpenter only collaborates with wood. But the truth is, the carpenter works with wood in order......

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Counselling Skills

...INTRODUCTION TO COUNSELLING SKILLS FOR A TRAINEE COUNSELLOR: INTRODUCTION: I am going to address some of the main points and processes that a trainee counsellor will need to understand, to use in counselling sessions. It will include the process of initiating, maintaining and developing a relationship between a counsellor and anyone using counselling for the first time. INITIATING A RELATIONSHIP: The initiating of a relationship in counselling could involve a telephone consultation to arrange appropriate appointment time and location where the first meeting will be held it will also have the name of the counsellor who will be holding the sessions. A letter could also be sent to start the initiating process between a counsellor and the client. It will contain the appointment time, location and the name of the counsellor who will be conducting the sessions. Before the initial meeting takes place the counsellor will ask the reception to inform them that the client has arrived. They will prepare the consultation room by setting the chairs in a position where eye contact can be maintained, but personal space respected. They will make sure the room is at the right temperature, if warm having a window open a little. Have tissues on the table in case they are required and check that any paper work is in the right order and the correct forms if any are required. On the arrival of the client the counsellor introduces...

Words: 3692 - Pages: 15

Guidance and Counselling

...Guidance and Counselling plays integral part in both teaching and learning and must be given the necessary attention in all educational endeavors. Guidance and Counselling activities should be pivotal in our curriculum and also must be given the necessary attention in our educational set up to assist students. Guidance and Counselling must therefore be carefully designed and well executed at every level of the educational ladder especially at the basic school level. It is an open secret that students in Ghana face myriad of challenges which militate against their academic, career and socio personal progress in school due to the absence quality guidance and counseling services. Throwing more light on the concept of guidance, Miller F.W (1978) in his book Guidance principles and services sees guidance as all the activities engaged in by the School that are primarily aimed at assisting an individual to make, carry out adequate plans and to achieve satisfactory adjustment in all aspects of his daily life. Supporting the above definition, George and Cristiani (1986) in their book Counselling theory and Practice stated that Counselling is a relationship between a professionally trained counselor and an individual seeking help in gaining greater self-understanding, improved decision-making skills, behavior change and skills for problem solving. Reading through the above definitions of the concept of Guidance and Counselling over and over again makes me wonder whether our......

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Christian Counselling

...Name of assignment/report Pastoral Counselling Reading Report Presented in partial fulfilment For the requirements of the course Name of Course: Pastoral Counselling 1 Code of Course: REP 210 Lecturer: Dr. Simbrashe Student: G Cairncross Student number: 0000 Date: 28 April 2016 Declaration of Academic Integrity: I hereby declare that the composition of this assignment/report is wholly my own and where other authors have been either quoted or paraphrased, this has been precisely referenced. I understand that any person found guilty of plagiarism will not only automatically receive a failing grade for this paper—but possibly for the whole course; and may face additional academic penalties that could include dismissal from the Faculty of Arts or from Helderberg College. Sign: Table of Contents: Introduction: 3 Biblical view: 3 What PCT is all about and how its effects people in counselling: 4 My View of Effective Christian Counselling: 6 Conclusion: 7 Bibliography: 8 Pastoral Counselling 1 Term Paper – Person Centred Therapy Introduction: “Person-centred therapy (PCT) is a humanistic approach, a belief that humans can achieve happiness and can solve their own problems. The fundamental belief is that people tend to move towards growth, self actualisation and healing.” This is one of the therapies used in counselling today and it supports personal growth but does not always include Christian virtues. The approach seem very important......

Words: 1735 - Pages: 7

Guidance and Counselling

...GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING Dr. Santhosh Areekkuzhiyil Asst. Professor, Govt. College of teacher Education, Thalassery, Kerala 9447847053 santhoshclt@gmail.com             Teachers as helping professionals have to come across many situations which demand guidance and counselling help from them. Students require counselling and guidance.  Now a day the guidance and counselling is an integral part of teaching.  In this lesson we will discuss meaning, types and importance of guidance and counselling. GUIDANCE Guidance is a personalised assistance made readily available by a sympathetic, mature, experienced and personally qualified person to a needy person. A variety of definitions are available for guidance.  “Guidance is a process of helping individual’s through his own efforts to discover and develop their potentialities for personal happiness and social usefulness” -Moris  “Guidance as kinds of help given by one person to another in developing ability, making adjustments and problems that confront him in attainment of his goals” - Jones  Guidance is an ‘umbrella term’ involving several functions such as publications, information, institutions, testing, counselling services, etc. Guidance is not carrying others burden, but enabling them to carry their burden themselves. Types of Guidance 1. Educational Guidance Educational guidance is aimed to help students to solve their problems related to education at different levels of......

Words: 2987 - Pages: 12