Key Developments in Secondary Education in Ireland Between 1922 and 1967.

In: Historical Events

Submitted By huxhux
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Secondary schools were established to foster the English language and behaviour as well as protestant beliefs.
In the class structured view of education which prevailed, secondary education was seen as a concern for the middle classes, who if they saw fit, should buy it as a commodity, just like any personal goods.
Following the establishment of the Irish Free State in1922 the mode of state financing was altered to capitation grants for pupils in ‘recognised schools’ and incremental salaries for ‘recognised’ secondary school teachers. However the schools continued as purely private denominational institutions- free to conduct their own affairs once they complied with the rules for recognised status. The state established no ordinary secondary schools and the initiative was purely in voluntary hands. It was not until 1964 that the first state grant was given for capital expenditure on secondary schools.

Expansion of Secondary Education in Ireland, 1924-60

 Year Sec. schools No of Pupils

 1924-25 278 22,997
 1930-31 300 28,994
 1940-41 352 38,713
 1950-51 424 48,559
 1960-61 526 76,843
(Coolahan, p.79)


This essay will include four major developments which have occurred between the period 1922 and 1967. These developments have had the most impact on secondary education in Ireland and therefore it is important to cover these particular areas of development in education. The four main developments are:

 The Intermediate Act (Amendment Act)1924
 The Vocational Act (1930)
 Comprehensive Schools (1966)
 Free Education (1967)

The Intermediate Act (Amendment Act) 1924

In June 1924 the Intermediate Education (Amendment) Act was passed and this allowed changes in the examination system and the programmes of instruction. Under the new system of three grades of results…...

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