Free Essay

Khandaq

In: Historical Events

Submitted By amaani
Words 1756
Pages 8
The Muslims had just managed to drive away one of the biggest armies they had ever faced. This army had the sole intention of crushing the Muslims of Madina and ending the religion of Islam. The Muslims had strengthened their defences by digging a huge trench that stopped the enemy in their tracks. The army tried its best to cross and attack Madina but the Muslims fought them off with their customary bravery.

Bani Quraizah lived within Madina and towards the end of the battle; they joined the ranks of the enemy to fight against the Muslims. This opened a second front against the Muslims. These actions considerably weakened the Muslims and could easily have caused the downfall of Madina. Bani Quraizah had a treaty with the Muslims of working together to defend Madina against any aggressors. They had broken this treaty at its most critical time.

The army of the kuffar became divided and Allah sent strong winds which destroyed their resolve to fight the Muslims. The army departed the following morning leaving Bani Quraizah to face the consequences of their treachery.

As the Muslims returned to their homes, the Angel Jibrael came to the Prophet (pbuh) and told him to join the angels in fighting against the Bani Quraizah. The Angels went ahead to shake Bani Quraizah, putting fear into their hearts. The Muslims followed behind to fight them because of their treachery and breach of the treaty.

The Prophet (pbuh) gathered all the Muslims and announced to make immediate preparation for battle. The Muslims began to quickly gather their forces and head towards Bani Quraizah. The Prophet (pbuh) appointed Ali head the army into battle.

The Muslims marched to Bani Quraizah’s quarters, which was a fortified city. It would be difficult to fight Bani Quraizah there because it was well protected and had ample supplies that could last for many months. Bani Quraizah had plenty of weaponry and armed men, which would make them a formidable opponent for any army.

The Muslims laid siege to the Bani Quraizah’s quarters with many short skirmishes taking place. Bani Quraizah considered the options available to them and decided to speak to some of the Muslims who had maintained good relationship with them in the past. Bani Quraizah invited Abu Lubaba to their quarters and put on a display of despair. The crying and mourning of the people moved Abu Lubaba so when Bani Quraizah asked him what would happen to them, he pointed to his throat. This signalled that they would be killed in this ensuing battle and its aftermath.

Abu Lubaba immediately realised his mistake and went to the Prophet’s mosque. He tied himself to the wooden post and refused to leave until Allah forgave him for his mistake of leaking information. He remained there for a few days and would only be untied by his wife for prayers and eating food.

The siege had lasted for a few days now and Bani Quraizah were very worried about the possible outcome. They considered all the options available to them. They considered killing all their women and children so that they had nothing to live for. Then they would fight to the death. They also thought about launching a surprise attack on the Saturday, which was normally a day that Jews would not fight. They also considered becoming Muslims so that they could be freed from their previous sins.

They were indecisive so they spoke to the Muslims and asked for a truce. They wanted someone to be judge between the two parties in this situation. Sa’d bin Muadh was proposed and both sides accepted him as judge. Both parties would be bound by his decision. In the past, Sa’d bin Muadh was a great ally of Bani Quraizah and was known to be a just and wise person. However, he was not present because he had been injured in the battle of the trenches.

Sa’d was escorted to the battlefield still very weak and ill from his wounds. He insisted on both parties to abide by his judgement, regardless of whose favour it would be in. After considering the situation, he judged that Bani Quraizah should be put to death for their treachery and double-crossing during the battle of the trenches. All the men should be put to death and the women and children should be sold into slavery. This judgment was made in accordance to the law of the Tawrah.

This command was carried out and Bani Quraizah no longer remained a part of Madina. The women and children were sold into slavery, which was the final end to the whole incident. The Muslims then finally rested after these hectic and testing weeks of battle.

After Bani Quraizah affair, an important chapter was closed in the history of Islam. Many people who had created problems and friction within Madina were finally banished. The armies of Arabia had been soundly defeated and the Muslims had gained a great victory. There had not been many deaths in the incident but one casualty was Sa’d bin Muadh who died from the wounds that were inflicted during the battle of the trench.

There were still many hostile tribes around Madina and many more deep in Arabia who were a menace to lasting peace. They were already amassing forces to ambush Muslims and attack Madina. The Prophet (pbuh) sent a number of small forces, which often resulted in no battles but acted as a deterrent to the rest of the Arabs. There were a few incidents in which there were small skirmishes between the Muslims and different tribes.

The only remaining ‘enemies’ within Madina were the Hypocrites. They had lost all hope of seeing the Muslims beaten in combat against any army in Arabia. They had seen the biggest army ever raised against the Muslims and even they were unsuccessful. However, the hypocrites continued their mischief making, trying to cause friction and division between the Muslims.

There was one particular incident that caused a lot of grievances within the Muslim community. It all began during the Bani Mustalliq expedition when a Muslim force was sent to face an amassing army. During this expedition, Aisha was accompanying the Prophet (pbuh). The expedition was a success and the enemy retreated leaving much of the war booty behind. Soon the victorious Muslims were making the long march back to Madina.

One their return journey, the Muslims would camp during the night and travel during the day. When they reached close to Madina, they setup camp. Aisha had gone to answer the call of nature and had managed to lose the necklace she was wearing. When she returned, she realised that the necklace was missing and decided to return quickly before the caravan left.

It was quite a distance and when she retuned to the camp, the caravan had already departed for Madina. She was devastated and hoped that someone would come back for her when they discovered she was missing. They had loaded her litter, which was there for her privacy; on top of the camel without realising she wasn’t inside it.

As Aisha waited patiently at the location of the old camp, she soon fell asleep. Luckily, Safwan bin Mu’athal was coming behind the army and saw Aisha waiting in the desert. He recognised Aisha and escorted her back to Madina. Aisha sat on the camel that was led by Safwan who walked without saying a word.

As soon as Aisha returned to Madina, the Hypocrites started to spread vicious rumours about Aisha, slurring her good name. She was ill and bed ridden so was unaware of these slandering rumours that had circulated about her character. When she felt better, she went to see her parents after learning about the rumours from a woman named ume-Mistah. She was shocked that anyone could doubt her character, after all she was the wife of the Prophet (pbuh).

When she was asked about the events, she replied that she would leave it in Allah’s hands and He would clear her name. She was heart broken that anyone could think about her in that way and she shed many tears. Soon a verse from the Qur’an was revealed which cleared her name. The whole community was overjoyed and the rumours were put to rest.

Some of the Muslims involved in spreading the rumours were whipped for defaming the name of an innocent person. The main culprit was Abdullah bin Ubai who was also the leader of the Hypocrites. He managed to escape from punishment, even though he had spread the rumours to all quarters of Madina. The prescribed punishment in the Qur’an is reserved for him in the hereafter.
A short while after this unfortunate episode finished, the Prophet (pbuh) had a dream in which he and his companions were performing the Umrah. In his dream, they were shaving their hair and completing the Umrah. This brought great joy to the Prophet (pbuh) who had left Makkan six long years ago. He had dearly missed Makkah and the Holy Ka’bah.

The Prophet (pbuh) told the Sahabah about the dream, which was a sign that they would be performing the Umrah to the holy city. Everyone was excited and many people began to make preparations to join the Prophet (pbuh) in this Umrah. They gathered all their essentials for the journey as well as the sacrificial animals for this pilgrimage.

Fifteen hundred Muslims set off from Madina to make the pilgrimage. They were not armed for battle but only had swords for self-defence as was customary. Their swords remained in their sheaths, which was an indication of the peaceful nature of their journey.

Makkah was still a few days of travelling away when the Quraish learned that the Muslims were coming towards Makkah. They sent out spies to investigate the reason why the Muslims were coming. The spies returned with the news that the Muslims were there for peaceful reasons. They explained that the Muslims were not armed and had their animals for the sacrifice. They advised them to allow the Muslims to come in peace and perform the pilgrimage.

The Makkans were already opposed to the Muslims and they were determined not to let the Muslims enter into Makkah. They called for Khalid bin Walid to lead a force into battle against the Muslims. They dispatched him immediately at the head of 200 horsemen with the intention of stopping the Muslims. Under no circumstances were the Muslims allowed to enter Makkah.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Islamiat

...capitulate. The Jews of Khyber contacted the people of the Ghatafan tribe, who were known to be mercenaries for hire. As a reward for fighting the Muslims, they were offered a percentage of their yearly produce of fruits and dates. They also entered into alliances with the tribes of Fadak, Taima and Wadi Al-Qura, together they were to launch a surprise attack on Madina. They sent special messengers to the Quraish of Makkah and other tribes asking them to prepare for a full-fledged attack on Medina and provided financial support for this purpose. The Importance of Khyber: March on Khyber: • • • 105 • • They held secret negotiations with Abdullah bin Ubbay, the leader of the hypocrites, against the Muslims. The Battle of Khandaq, when hosts of the enemies from all parts of the country besieged Madina, was mainly caused by the intrigues and financial assistance of the Jews of Khayber. Having been informed of their secret plan, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) traveled to Khyber two months after treaty of Hudaibiya with 1600 men and 200 cavalry and laid siege to different fortresses. Out of a number of forts which were spread over Khyber in clusters, Na’im was the first fortress to be over taken by Muslims, while Al-Qamus was the greatest and most formidable of Khyber’s fortresses which was conqurred under the command of Hazrat Ali who killed the famous Jewish warrior, Marhab, in this battle. As for other fortresses such as Al-Watih and As-Sulalim, they were surrendered......

Words: 106196 - Pages: 425

Premium Essay

Khalid Bin Walid

... c. In a perilous march from Iraq to Syria, 9000 forces undertook a 500 mile journey through a barren desert route, not treated by anyone until then. When asked by Khalid of their opinion, they replied that you are the man on whom Allah has bestowed his good will, do as you wish. 52. Technical Knowledge. During the perilous march Khalid devised a way to overcome the problem of wake and food by shear ingenuity. He made the camels to drink 60 litres of water each before the Journey. Then as the days passed by, he slaughtered the old camels, whose water was used for other horses and camels and meat for soldiers. Failures/Weaknesses 53. Khalid’s failure as a commander and shortcomings as an indl are not many. In the battle of Khandaq, as a non muslim he tasted defeat. In Muta he had to be contended with an orderly wdr. Khalids marriage with a wife of Malik and again to the beautiful daughter of Muja tarnished a bit of his military image. LESSONS LEARNT 54. The lessons that we can derive from Khalid’s life, as military commander, from his battles are manifold. Among those the more pronounced lessons are described as below: a. Attacking enemy with speed from least expected direction can pay good dividends. Khalid Bin Walid proved this very often in his battles. Battle of OHUD is the example. b. It is the quality of leaders and soldiers not the quantity that dictates the fate of war. He could win all the battles because of his dynamic leadership,......

Words: 10410 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Dreams

...Dream: The eighth dream is by far the most important of all the dreams narrated in the Qur’an and, as a consequence, deserves to be examined at some length. The Qur’an referred to the dream in the following: “Allah has in truth fulfilled His Apostle’s vision (i.e., dream). You shall certainly enter the Sacred Masjid in security if Allah so wills, with hair cropped or shaven and without fear. He knew what you did not know; and what is more, He granted you a speedy victory.” (Qur’an: al-Fath:-48:27) The Prophet sallalahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, who had been in Madina for some six years after having migrated from Makkah, dreamt one night that he was performing the pilgrimage to the Ka’aba in Makkah. The battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq in 2H, 3H, and 5H had resulted in a military stalemate. Neither side had the strength to conclusively defeat the other and bring the war to an end. The migration of the Muslims to Madina and the subsequent five years of war had been the talk of all Arabia. What would be the next episode in the drama? Which side will take an initiative? Arabia was waiting with a sense of suspense. But for the Muslims there was more to the situation than mere military stalemate. The Muslims had recently defeated and expelled the Jews from Madina and they had concentrated themselves at Khaibar and were thirsting for revenge. There was the distinct possibility of Jewish diplomacy pursuing and winning an alliance with the Quraish which would corner the......

Words: 26098 - Pages: 105

Free Essay

Raheeq Makhtum Malay

...bijak membahagikan dedikasinya kepada Allah, keluarga dan sahabat handai (Radiyallahu 'anhum ajma'in). Tidak syak lagi bahawa mempelajari sejarah hidup Muhammad Sallallahu 'alaihi Wasallam ialah memahami semua sudut kemanusiaan. SUMBER-SUMBER SEJARAH RASULULLAH Berhubung dengan sumber-sumber sejarah Rasulullah bolehlah kita bahagikan seperti berikut: Pertama: Kitabullah (AI-Qur'an) Ianya merupakan sumber utama untuk memahami garis-garis kasar penghidupan Muhammad Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi Wasallam. Pendedahan sejarah hidup Rasulullah dalam al-Qur'an melalui salah satu aliran berikut: a. Memaparkan beberapa bahagian dari penghidupan baginda, seperti ayat-ayat yang diturunkan mengenai peperangan Badar, Uhud, al Khandaq atau al Ahzab .Juga seperti kisah perkahwinannya dengan Zainab binti Jahsy. Mengulas pertempuran-pertempuran dan kejadian-kejadian ini adalah untuk memberi penjelasan selanjutnya kepada apa yang dimusykilkan atau untuk menerangkan beberapa kesamaran tentang pertempuran dan peristiwa-peristiwa atau untuk menarik perhatian umat Islam terhadap sesuatu iktibar. Sebenarnya segala-galanya ini mempunyai makna dan hubung kait yang amat rapat dan mesra dengan sejarah dan riwayat hidup Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi Wasallam. Kesemuanya ini menampakkan kepada kita sebahagian besar daripada aspek-aspek penghidupan Rasulullah Sallallahu 'alaihi Wasallam dan hal ehwal yang bersangkutan dengannya. Sebenarnya pendedahan Al-Qur'an Al-Karim......

Words: 129247 - Pages: 517

Free Essay

History of Prophet Muhammad

...Disinilah manifestasi sebuah negara Islam pertama kali didirikan. Muhammad menyusun kekuatannya di Madinah bersama keluarga dan sahabat setianya yang rela meninggalkan tanah air dan hartanya untuk Tuhannya, islam yang muda ini menyusun kekuatan untuk menghadapi kekuatan kaum Quraisy yang setiap saat siap untuk menghancurkan Islam yang dibangun ini, perang demi perang mulai dari Badar, Uhud, Khandaq, yang disetiap perang tampillah Al-Washi Muhammad yang selalu menjadi pemberi moral kepada pasukan untuk menghancurkan kafir Quraisy dengan Iman yang membara. Pada perang Badar al-washi (Ali) dan Hamzah tampil menghadapi pemberani kafir Quraisy, dalam sepucuk suratnya kepada Muawiyah, Ali mengingatkannya dalam kata-kata Pedang saya yang saya gunakan untuk membereskan kakek anda dari pihak ibu (Utbah, ayah dari Hindun Ibu Muawiyah), paman anda dari pihak Ibu (Walid bin Uthbah) dan saudara Anda (Hanzalah) masih ada pada saya. Pada perang Uhud Nabi dan lagi-lagi Hamzah dan Ali tidak pernah Absen, Ali adalah pembawa panji dalam setiap peperangan. Nabi mengungkapkan nilai pukulan Ali pada perang Khandaq (parit) disebut juga dengan Ahzab kepada Amar bin Abdiwad itu, Nilai pengorbanan itu melebihi segala perbuatan baik para pengikutku, karena sebagai akibat kekalahan jagoan kafir terbesar itu kaum Muslim menjadi terhormat dan kaum kafir menjadi aib dan terhina".  V. Benteng Khaibar  Pada perang Khaibar ketika semangat kaum muslim mengendur dan merasa tidak mampu untuk menghancurkan......

Words: 5693 - Pages: 23