Lab Report 1

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Submitted By papergirl05
Words 1000
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Abstract

Species diversity in Guam’s limestone forests is extremely limited. In order to account the number of species available in comparison to the Panama tropical rainforests, data gathered from of 20x20 plots were recorded. Throughout this study, factors for Guam’s limited species diversity may be generalized but not fully confirmed. Overall the main purpose is to get an idea of what type of species are available in the limestone forests, as well as provide data for researchers to pursue further studies as to why species are so limited here on this island.

Introduction

Tropical rainforests, along with temperate ones, are the most complex biomes on earth. This is due to the many ecosystems found within them. Although it is assumed that rainforest are fertile with plant species due to nutrient-rich soil, it is not. Most nutrients are either washed away from the soil due to heavy rainfall or recycled through the vegetation. Usually new growth within the forest greatly depends on decomposing organisms, such as bacteria and fungi (Tang et al.2011).

Specie diversity varies within these rainforests depending on conditions surrounding and affecting each. Considering that species diversity is one of many crucial elements to nature conservation, thorough studies must be conducted to identify such conditions of limited rainforests. (Primack 1993). Categorized within Tropical forests are karst or limestone forests that consist of endemic plants and trees. Guam’s limestone forests are also the most important habitats for coconut crabs. Native limestone forests are mostly found near rugged coastal cliff lines and military land on Guam. Unlike regular tropical rainforests, limestone forests are mainly covered with evergreen dicotyledonous trees(Fosberg 1960).

Possible factors for Guam’s limestone forests being limited in species diversity may include…...

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