Leadership Theories and Styles

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Leadership Theories and Styles
IAAP 2009 Administrative Professionals Week Event April 28, 2009

Development of Leadership Theory Development of Leadership Theory
• Until approximately 1930, there was not much academic interest in the area of leadership academic interest in the area of leadership • Fredrick Taylor –Scientific Management (time/motion Fredrick Taylor Scientific Management (time/motion studies of productivity) (late 1800’s) • Max Weber –(writing on bureaucracy) a leader possessed power by virtue of his position (1922) • Mary Parker Follett – participatory management in power with as opposed to power over (1926) “power with” as opposed to “power over” (1926)

Luther Gulick Notes on Organization ‐‐ 1937
• Work of the Executive Work of the Executive • POSDCORB
– Planning – Organizing – Staffing – Directing – Coordinating g – Reporting – Budgeting g g

Leadership a new definition Leadership – a new definition
• Chester Barnard – 1938 new definition of leadership The ability of a superior to influence the behavior of subordinates and persuade them to follow a particular course of action. (Barnard 1938)

Power French and Raven (1960) Power – French and Raven (1960)
• Legitimate power – comes solely from the position the g p y p superior holds in an organization • Reward power – comes by means of promotion, salary increases and interesting assignments i di t ti i t • Expert power – comes from the leader possessing superior knowledge of the matter under discussion superior knowledge of the matter under discussion • Referent power – comes from the fact that subordinates identify with the leader and respect him/her / • Coercive power – comes from forced actions and potential for punishment potential for punishment

Nature of Leadership Nature of Leadership
Effective leadership is a key factor in the life and success of an…...

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