Free Essay

Learn German

In: English and Literature

Submitted By RajIyer21
Words 706
Pages 3
Nominativ und Akkusativ

|The woman sees the girl. |The woman is the subject and is nominative. |
| |the girl is the direct object and is accusative. |
|The girl sees the woman. |The girl is the subject and is nominative. |
| |the woman is the direct object and is accusative. |
|George W. Bush is the President. |George W. Bush is the subject and is nominative. |
| |the President is ALSO nominative because it follows “to be” (is). |
|Nominative |
| |Definite |Indefinite |
|Masc. |Der Tisch ist braun. |Das ist ein Tisch. |
|Fem. |Die Lampe ist neu. |Das ist eine Lampe. |
|Neut. |Das Fenster ist offen. |Das ist ein Fenster. |
|Plural |Die Bücher sind interessant. |Das sind keine Bücher. |

All of the nouns above are in the nominative case because they are the subjects of the sentences or because they follow the verb “sein.”

| |Accusative |
| |Definite |Indefinite |
|Masc. |Ich sehe den Tisch. |Ich habe einen Tisch. |
|Fem. |Ich sehe die Lampe. |Ich habe eine Lampe. |
|Neut. |Ich sehe das Fenster. |Ich habe ein Fenster. |
|Plural |Ich sehe die Bücher. |Ich habe keine Bücher. |

The nouns above are all in the accusative case because they are direct objects.

To summarize in a few words:

|Nominative case is used: |Accusative case is used: |
| - for the subjects of sentences | - for direct objects |
| - after any form of the verb “to be” | - after accusative prepositions |

A. Practice. Circle all nouns in the nominative, and underline all nouns in the accusative.

|1. |I meet them on Tuesday. |6. |He plays the piano. |
|2. |They invited me. |7. |Run Lola Run is a German movie. |
|3. |Paul hit the ball. |8. |I’m sleeping. |
|4. |Martin and Petra like to read. |9. |Is that a Mercedes? |
|5. |Have you seen a Shakespeare play? |10. |Donald owns a hotel and a car. |

B. Auf deutsch. Now practice identifying subjects and objects in these German sentences.

|1. |Er hat ein Buch. |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |
|2. |Ich trinke Kaffee. |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |
|3. |Martin und Georg kaufen viele CDs. |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |
|4. |Peter hat den Stift. |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |
|5. |Herr Schmidt trinkt eine Cola und ein |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |
| |Bier. | | |
|6. |Unsere Großeltern sprechen Deutsch. |Subjekt = _______________ |Objekt =________________ |

C. Sie sind dran. Now that you’ve had some practice recognizing forms, what about writing them yourselves? Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the articles in parentheses. First, figure out what word is subject and what is object; then think about what the right form is.

Fill in the correct DEFINITE article (der/die/das/den).
|1. |________________ Vater findet ________________ Tür nicht. |
|2. |________ Professorin schreibt __________ Brief (=letter, m). |
|3. |Hat ________________ Bruder ________________ Buch? |
|4. |Er hat ________ Buch und ________ Stift. |
|5. |________ Frau kauft ________ Fernseher, _______ Lampe und ________ Telefon (n). |
|6. |Das ist ________ Mann! |
|7. |Ich mache ________ Buch, ________ Tür und _______ Fenster auf. |
|8. |________ Zimmer ist sehr groß. |
|9. |________ Bücher (pl) sind klein. |
|10. |Wo sind ________________ Kinder (pl)? |
|11. |Wo ist _________ Schreibtisch? |
|12. |Ich sehe _________ Schreibtisch. |
|13. |Wir hören ________ Studenten (pl). |
|14. |________________ Mutter lernt Englisch. |
|15. |Herr und Frau Schmidt verstehen ________________ Sohn und ________________ Tochter nicht. |

Fill in the correct INDEFINITE article (ein/eine/einen).

|1. |________ Mann kommt ins Klassenzimmer. |
|2. |Hast du ________ Bruder oder ________ Schwester? |
|3. |________________ Stuhl ist kaputt. |
|4. |Hast du ________________ Stuhl? |
|5. |Ich suche ________ Stuhl und _________ Tasche. |
|6. |Meine Schwester und ich sehen ________________ Freund und ________________ Freundin in der Schule. |
|7. |Heute (=today) kommt ________ Neffe von mir (=of mine). |
|8. |________ Studentin heißt Karin und ________ Student heißt Karl. |

Fill in the correct form of kein.
|1. |Das ist ________ Mann -- das ist eine Frau! |
|2. |Das ist ________ Problem (n). |
|3. |Wir haben ________ Zeit (=time, f). |
|4. |Hier ist ________ Uhr. |
|5. |Sie hat ________ Lampe, ________ Stuhl und ________ Buch. |

Describing a city:

die Stadt (the City) klein/groβ (big/small) , die Bevölkerung(the population) schön(beautiful), schmutzig (dirty) enorm (huge)/wenig (less)

das Museum der Zoo der Garten

das Theater das Kino das Restaurant

die Schule die Universität


Meine Stadt ist......

Es gibt......................

Ich find meine Stadt..............

Ich liebe.........…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Turkish 'N German Culture The first section of the paper reports about the personal experience of different cultural backgrounds from the perspective of turkish and German people. It refers to the different cognition of both parties during the first migration wave. Further it deals with the issues of integration into German society and the failure which caused isolation into turkish community districts like Koeln-Mühlheim. Today, Turks represent about 4-5% of Germany’s total population. What does the word “guest workers” exactly mean? A guest worker is defined as “An individual with special permission to work on a temporary basis in another country when a shortage of labor is an issue” (Business dictionary, 2012). Everything started when the recruiting agreement was signed on the 31th of October in 1961 by Turkey and Germany. By this time, Germany faced the highest demand on labour in history. The ”economic miracle”, the rapid reconstruction and development of the economy of West Germany after World War II, lead to the highest demand on the labour market in german history. To the same time Turkey suffered under mass unemployment and a constant growth in population. The recruiting agreement between Turkey and Germany was the start for a large-scale immigration of guestworkers. The requirements for acceptance were a passed health check proofed by german doctors and being unmarried. Within the first year 7,116 male turks migrated to Germany as guest workers. The original plan was to stay for......

Words: 4735 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

To Learn

...1997; Saint-Onge, 1996). In order to remain forefront and maintain competitive edge, organizations must have the capability to retain, develop, organize and utilize their IC (Kalling, 2002; Wiig, 2000). They must also be able to consolidate their IC faster than their competitors. Literature has argued that the value of an organization is largely based on the management and utilization of IC (Ukkola et al., 1999; Chris and Emma, 1999; Beveran, 2002). Thus, IC must be explicitly manage so that the competitive advantage will emerge from the way a specific knowledge is applied to production factors (Aranda and Molina-Feraz, 2002). Thus, to explicitly manage the IC, an understanding of how knowledge is formed and how people and organizations learn to use knowledge is essential. There are two levels of knowledge within IC: explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge (Hall and Adriani, 2002; Kamiki and Mphahlele, 2002). Explicit knowledge is articulated knowledge and it can be embodied in the form of documents, standard operating procedures, and blueprints. Tacit knowledge, on the other hands, includes the intuition, perspectives, beliefs, and values that people form as the result of their interactions and experiences (Hall and Adriani, 2002; Kamiki and Mphahlele, 2002). In an organization, tacit knowledge is made up of the collective mindsets of everyone in the organization. This includes the way how a leader of an organization perceives his industry and his organization.  Tacit......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Deutschland = germany Neuseeland = new zealand Lesson 1 Zur zeit = now Leben = live Etwa = approximate Eltern = parents Denn = because Arbeiten = work Fragen = ask Im kurs = in class übrigens = by the way Machen = to do (was machen Sie? > Ich bin Ingenieur) Lesen = reading Jahre alt = year old Hausfrau = housewife Noch= still Zusammen = together Landwirte = farmer Also= auch Möchten = would like to Später = later Aller welt = all Hören = listen Nicht = not Warden = will / to become Leicht = easy berufstätig = working spielt = play klavier spielen = piano playing Oft= often Ledig = single Kauft= buy Verkauft= sell Spricht = speak Tennis spielen Machen = to do Übrigens: btw Sprechen = speak Deustch = german Schon gut = very good Feuer = fire Leider = unfortunately Liegt = lie (on) Lesson 2 Der Elektroherd = electric cooker Der Tisch = table Der Kugelschreiber = ball pen Der Taschenrechner = calculator Der Stecker = plug Der Topf = pot Der Stuhl = chair (Stuhle pl) Der Wasserhahn = tap Der Regal Das Foto = photo Das Waschbecken = sink (spüle) Das kochfeld = hob (灶台) Die Steckdose = socket Die Taschenlampe = torch Die Lampe = lamp Die Mine = lead Die Glühbirne = bulb Die Zahlen = number Die Batterien = battery Die Kamera = camera Schrank(sl), Schranke (pl) Regal (sl), Regale (pl) shelf Spüle (sl), Spülen (pl) sink Das ist ein Küchenschrank. Der Schrank......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

German Essays

...he sees as misguided and tasteless? He is often sarcastic and constantly describes his envy of these scholars who know the Holocaust so well • “I should envy those scholar and thinkers who pride themselves on understanding this tragedy in terms of an entire people; I myself have not yet succeeded in explain the tragedy of a sing one of its sons, no matter which.” He questions the motivation of people. They had no sincerity or humility. o Does Wiesel convey a sense of what separates acceptable representation of the Holocaust from unacceptable ones? • He says that questions are useful with open interpretation. It is the answers that he protests because of their basis. The subject is a mystery. Otherwise we should leave them alone and learn to be silent. He wants people to maintain humility. o How does Wiesel handle the difficult issue of Jewish passivity; how does he make sense of it in the end? • Jews went to death in protest. They turned passivity into active punishing of the world. The elders told the young people not to resist, but to be obedient. There was silence in the outside world. • Days of Nightmare o There is a war going on, children and old people have to flea. o Jews had to send their fellow Jews to death but it was better than having “them” do it o At least the Jews would sympathize with the other Jews as they were being stripped of their loved ones. • One Year in Treblinka o .Who is Wiernick? What was he before he went into the camps? • He was...

Words: 5545 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

German Ioc

...Vorbereitung German B Oral Allgemeine Fragen • Wie wichtig sind Feste und Traditionen für ein Land? • Warum feiern wir überhaupt Feste? • Hast Du den Eindruck, in Deutschland wird mehr gefeiert als in GB? • Sind die Deutschen traditioneller als die Briten, was denkst Du? • Was für Probleme gibt es bei großen Volksfesten? • Welche Feste und Traditionen assoziierst Du mit Deutschland • Welches Fest würdest Du gerne in Deutschland mitfeiern? • Die meisten Feste haben religiöse Wurzeln, findest Du es wichtig, dass diese religiöse Wurzeln nicht verlorengehen, z.B. das Kinder in der Schule über den Sinn von Weihnachten oder Ostern lernen? Weihnachten • Wie wird Weihnachten in Deutschland gefeiert • Wie feiern die Deutschen Weihnachten? • Was ist das Besondere an Weihnachten in Deutschland? • Ist Weihnachten in Deutschland besinnlicher/stimmungsvoller als Weihnachten in GB? • Denkst Du/hast Du den Eindruck, dass die religiösen Elemente von Weihnachten für die Deutschen wichtiger sind als für die Briten? • Was ist der Hauptunterschied zwischen Weihnachten in D und in GB? • Würdest Du gerne einmal Weihnachten in Deutschland feiern? • Findest Du, dass Weihnachten heutzutage zu kommerziell und materialistisch ist? • Was ist Dein persönlicher Weihnachtshöhepunkt? • Was magst Du an Weihnachten am liebsten? • Ist Weihnachten in GB vor allem ein Familienfest oder eher eine große Party? • Wie wichtig sind Geschenke für Weihnachten? • Wie wichtig ist das religiöse...

Words: 505 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

German Wars

...How far does the role of individuals explain the outbreak of the German Wars of Unification? The German Wars of Unification can be blamed on a myriad of reasons however the pragmatism of Otto Von Bismarck often allowed him to take advantage and shape the course of German history. Conversely it would be remiss to state that Bismarck was solely responsible for the German Wars of Unification, nationalist elements as well as growing calls for liberalism all spurred the way for the beginning of a German state. Compounding this was the economic prosperity of Prussia, as Prussia grew economically stronger it diminished Austria’s sphere of influence in the region. This would also spur calls for greater German unity whilst isolating Austria. Prussian ambition can be first seen to rival Austria with the creation of the Zollverein. Prussia in 1818 created a law to integrate Prussian customs systems onto neighbouring small states, over the next fifteen years through a complex mixture of threats and concessions the Prussians managed to create a concrete policy that would lay the foundations for the Zollverein. In 1833 the Zollverein was created and most importantly Austria was firmly excluded. The importance of this is summed up in Metternich’s quote “a smaller rival confederation..which all too quickly will become accustomed to following its own objectives with its own means”. Metternich’s fears would eventually become a reality, this is reiterated by the historian Treitschke...

Words: 1111 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Continual employee training and learning is critical to the ability of organizations to adapt to an ever changing national and international business environment. What motivates employees to learn? Abraham Maslow has had a significant impact on motivation theory, humanistic psychology, and subsequently, adult learning in the workplace. This paper will discuss the development of Maslow's humanistic views and trace their impact on past trends in business training as well as the implications for current challenges that managers face in motivating employee learning in the workplace. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT] Continual employee training and learning is critical to the ability of organizations to adapt to an ever changing national and international business environment. What motivates employees to learn? Abraham Maslow has had a significant impact on motivation theory, humanistic psychology, and subsequently, adult learning in the workplace. This paper will discuss the development of Maslow's humanistic views and trace their impact on past trends in business training as well as the implications for current challenges that managers face in motivating employee learning in the workplace. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT] You have requested "on-the-fly" machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Show full disclaimer Neither ProQuest nor its licensors make any......

Words: 6372 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

German Workforce

...COMPETENCY OF GERMAN WORKFORCE There are eleven Universities of Excellence in Germany in addition to several other mediocre and decent Universities. These top Universities have highly competitive students analogous to any university world-wide in the Engineering field. We would definitely look at recruiting graduates from these universities to make sure we have good-performing technical workers for our IT consulting firm. Those Universities are : RWTH Aachen, FU Berlin, HU Berlin, Uni Bremen, Uni Cologn, TU Dresden, Uni Heidelberg, Uni Konstanz, LMU Munich, TU Munich
 and Uni Tübingen. (The Top 25 best Universities in Germany - engineering and beyond n.d.) The following are the top 5 Business schools in Germany : Münster School of Business Administration and Economics, Humboldt University Berlin Business School, Christian A. lbrechts Universität zu Kiel, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences, Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, Leipzig Graduate School of Management. (Germany n.d.). We look forward to recruiting graduates from these Business schools as well for our Managerial positions. AVAILABILITY OF TALENT: The number of engineering students in Germany is growing slightly. Around 40,000 will graduate this year from the engineering schools(up about 5000 from five years ago) (Germany Faces a Shortage of Engineers 2011). Among the older group of workforce, Germany has 6.3 percentage of skilled individuals in the industrialized world. Among the......

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

German Expressionism

...German Expressionism ‘The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari’ is a film from the 1920’s and was the most influential and significant film that belongs to the German expressionism film movement. German Expressionism, as it name shows, highlights the expressions of the internal opinions, beliefs, and feelings via the use of artistic, stylistic materials and fundamentals. It had a main goal to advance life, especially, change. Therefore, it may be considered an evolution revealing German civilization through these times of alteration or change. Due to the loss of the German’s in WWI and its consequences, the movement’s plot was about madness, insanity, and poverty. It’s not just a story telling but it had communal, civilizing, and political features. Expressionist first film was ‘The Student of Prague’ (1913), then comes the first vampire movie in 1916 ‘ Nache des Gravens’ (Night of Horror), ‘The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari’ in 1920, and ‘The Golen’ (how we came into the world)… All these films have their special style, the style that specialize the German Expressionism movement. It’s characterized by relying heavily on the story and design, mise-en-scene, with the weird ambiance and work of art but lightly on editing. According to the shooting, the camera moves slightly with unpredictable camera’s position. As for the illumination, we see harsh distinction of light and shadows for diverse effects, known for Chiaroscuro lightning, symbolizing the occurrence of gloomy phases in human......

Words: 452 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...must move the instrument in the opposite direction from the desired target on the monitor to interact with the site of interest.” (Surg) Surg explains that with this, hand-eye coordination is then compromised with this limitation. The desire to overcome these limitations is what drives the motivation to develop surgical robotics, to expand the benefits of minimally invasive surgery. In most countries many of the current and projected technological advancements in surgical care often come with deep rooted legal or virtuous implications. Some of these repercussions may be perceived as advantageous, while the effects of others may be more open to debate. In Germany the legal implications are none because of the Social Medicine Platform, Germans cannot sue their health care system. Other countries, such as Canada view this technology as any other surgical procedure, thereby the “legal basis for professional liability remains exactly the same, and litigation with the use of robotic surgery may be complex” (ANGIOL 2010). In cases involving a liability, not only are the physicians and hospitals liable but also the manufacturer of the robotic technology. Ethical issues surrounding robotic surgery would include maintenance, safety of equipment and confidentiality. With the quick introduction of ground-breaking technologies in the surgical circle, such as computer-enhanced robotic assisted surgery, the challenging complications in various aspects, including medical, legal......

Words: 4024 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

German Essay

...about how they are feeling since arriving but then realize that the ticket guy is not really interested in a long answer, he is just waiting to sell them tickets. This is interesting because we have been taught that in Germany “How are you?” is a question that is really asking for a genuine answer, good or bad, and in the US the expected answer is a short “good” or “good, how are you?” in most casual situations. In the US, “how are you” is a polite phrase to say to strangers that adds some warmth to a greeting without prying for detail that might make anyone uncomfortable. Americans are supposedly more open to conversation and making conversation with strangers than they may be in Germany. Therefore, it is interesting that the East Germans in the movie are comfortable to share so much information so readily with a stranger in New York. I now wonder if people in Germany only ask, “How are you?” to close friends and not really to casual acquaintances in order to avoid sharing or hearing too much information? Although this American cultural difference is proven to be true in many casual situations, I find this situation especially true in a city like New York and less true in smaller towns like Houghton. For example, I’m always surprised when I meet someone who is from Europe that has only visited the US once and did not enjoy the experience based on the ‘cold feeling’ they get from the people in New York. While it is never pleasant to feel this, New York is a large......

Words: 523 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

German Copyright

...Allison Anders 12/6/2010 German Copyright The Anglo-American Copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted by the law to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work, except that it does not protect ideas, only their expression or fixation. Copyright laws are partially standardized through international and regional agreements such as the Bern Convention, the World Intellectual Property Organization, and the European copyright directives such as the Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations. Although there are consistencies among nations' copyright laws the latter one emphasizes the recognitions of moral rights of creators, such as the right to be credited for the work. In 1902 a law in Germany adapted which said that the approval of each author is required for every public performance of the musical work. The Society for Musical Performing and Mechanical Reproduction Rights (GEMA) was established as a collecting society representing the rights of the copyright of those composers, lyricists and publishers of musical works that are organized as a member in it. The task given to the Gema contains protection of intellectual property rights of music creators and the representation of their interests to get properly remunerated for the use of Truckenbrod, Baetcher 2 their works. The Scope of their jurisdiction pertains to the German Copyright which......

Words: 1642 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

German Expressionism

...ART WORLD Art House: An Introduction to German Expressionist Films Alissa Darsa, Thursday, December 26, 2013 Robert Wiene, Stills for The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (three works) (1919). Gelatin silver print, sold at Christie's New York. Welcome to the first article in Art House, a series detailing the evolution of art house films, and their impact on the relationship between art and cinema. The term art house refers to films that are artistic or experimental in nature, and are generally not part of the commercial mainstream. It is interesting to note that unlike many other forms of avant-garde, filmic avant-garde does not typically generate the profits earned by its musical, visual, and literary counterparts. Most artists who have produced avant-garde films have had to rely on other artistic media as a source of income, including Andy Warhol (American, 1928–1987).1 However, there are several films that have crossed over into the realm of mainstream cinema, and have been both financially successful as well as stylistically influential. This article focuses on German Expressionism, one of the earliest artistic genres to influence filmmaking, and one that arguably paved the way for many other avant-garde styles and techniques. Walter Reimann & Hermann Warm, Le docteur à la foire (from The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) (1919). Sold at Binoche Renaud-Giquello & Associés. German Expressionism is an artistic genre that originated in Europe in the 1920s, and is broadly......

Words: 1067 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

German Prisons

...What We Learned From German Prisons By NICHOLAS TURNER and JEREMY TRAVISAUG. 6, 2015 Credit Jan Bajtlik EARLIER this summer, we led a delegation of people concerned about the United States criminal justice system to visit some prisons in Germany and observe their conditions. What we saw was astonishing. The men serving time wore their own clothes, not prison uniforms. When entering their cells, they slipped out of their sneakers and into slippers. They lived one person per cell. Each cell was bright with natural light, decorated with personalized items such as wall hangings, plants, family photos and colorful linens brought from home. Each cell also had its own bathroom separate from the sleeping area and a phone to call home with. The men had access to communal kitchens, with the utensils a regular kitchen would have, where they could cook fresh food purchased with wages earned in vocational programs. We hoped that we were getting a glimpse of what the future of the American criminal justice system could look like. This is an encouraging moment for American advocates of criminal justice reform. After decades of callousness and complacency, the United States has finally started to take significant steps to reverse what a recent report by the National Research Council called a “historically unprecedented and internationally unique” experiment in mass incarceration. Congress, in a bipartisan effort, seems prepared to scale back draconian federal sentencing laws. Many......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Case Study - German Hyperinflation

...Case Study German Hyperinflation Table of Content: Introduction, History – P.3 What Caused The Hyperinflation – P.5 The Hyperinflation 1922-1923 – P.6 The Solution, Lessons Learnt – P.7 References – P.6 Introduction: We were asked to choose any topic that is related to banking and economics. And the topic I chose for this is: The German Hyperinflation. I’m going to discuss how the hyperinflation started in Germany, what happened at the peak on this hyperinflation. Then we’re going to see what caused it. And how did Germany solve the problem and stopped this inflation. Lastly, what are the lessons learnt from this hyperinflation. History: By the end of World War 1 Germany had been punished to pay reparations because of the war. Germany had to pay £6,600,000,000 (which is larger than Germany’s GDP) and by signing the Treaty of Versailles Germany agreed to installments of 2 billion, the first was paid in 1921, though, it was paid mostly by actual materials such as coal and iron. But Germany couldn’t pay the second installment. The allies didn’t believe it, and on 1922 France and Belgium invaded the Ruhr, which is the most valuable industrial area in Germany. The German government ordered workers to strike and people to resist the invaders. This led to killing 132 people and expelling 150,000 from their homes. And because Ruhr is the most valuable industrial area in Germany, the strike made Germany suffer. The striker had to be paid to,......

Words: 800 - Pages: 4