Legislation on the Elderly in the United States

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ann1095
Words 4268
Pages 18
Legislation On The Elderly In The United States

Final Paper

The Older American Act of 1965 was signed into law on July 14, 1965. This act established the Administration on Aging within the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and called for the creation of State Units on Aging. This act was considered one of the most important contributions on aging legislation enacted by congress. This report is a review of legislation regarding Older American Act.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction on the history of Legislation on the Elderly ……………………………………2
Background Early Acts Enacted to meet the needs of the Elderly……………………………2 Early Acts Enacted leading up to OAA of 1965 …………………………………………..3 Review of Older American Act…….. ………………………………………………………4
Older American Title Review…………..…………………………………………………….5
Amendments………………………………………………………………………………….9
Strength and Weakness of Older American Act……………………………………………..14
Recommendation…………………………………………………………………………….15
Conclusion … ………………………………………………………………………………16
References……………………………………………………………………………………17

Introduction
The new deal program of the 1930’s was enacted by congress to address economic issues during the Great Depression. The Social Security Act of 1935 was a response to criticism for the lack of aid to retired workers age 65 and older and who no longer worked (justfacts.com). This law created "a system of Federal old-age benefits" (justfacts.com). The new act provided pensions, unemployment insurance to nonagricultural` workers, commerce workers, aid to the blind, deaf, disabled and dependent children. Social security provided old age assistance and old age survivors insurance. Social security payment amounts were based on payroll tax contributions. President Roosevelt named this act as “a cornerstone in a structure which is being built but it is by no means…...

Similar Documents

United States Welfare Reform

...Justin Mills Welfare Reform In 1996 the federal government of the United States created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program in an effort to move parents of welfare and into the workforce (Hildebrandt & Stevens 793). The intent of this legislation was to create an environment in which people would be able to provide for themselves without the assistance of the government. However, as of 2006 38.7 million people in the United States, including 13.28 million children, were still living below the poverty level of $22,050 for a family of four (Hildebrandt & Stevens 793). These numbers indicate that the problem did not improve and many people have become accustomed to the lifestyle that receiving welfare affords them. Further changes to the welfare system would go a long way towards resolving these issues. The United States government must reform the welfare program with pre-screenings and lifetime limits on benefits to prevent producing a society of dependent people. In 1996 Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, which created the TANF program (Cook et al. 249). The legislation significantly altered the provisions for extending cash to low-income families (Cook et al. 249). The new provisions imposed a federal lifetime limit of up to five years on financial support and strengthened the requirements for employment and work-related activities (Cook et al. 249). The ability of immigrants, including......

Words: 1884 - Pages: 8

United States

...Welcome to the United States A Guide for New Immigrants M-618 (rev. 09/07) Welcome to the United States A Guide for New Immigrants Revised Edition U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL EDITION NOTICE This is the Official U.S. Government edition of this publication and is herein identified to certify its authenticity. Use of the ISBN 978-016-078733-1 is for U.S. Government Printing Office Official Editions only. The Superintendent of Documents of the U.S. Government Printing Office requests that any reprinted edition clearly be labeled as a copy of the authentic work with a new ISBN. The information presented in Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants is considered public information and may be distributed or copied without alteration unless otherwise specified. The citation should be: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Office of Citizenship, Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants, Washington, DC, 2007, Revised Edition. USCIS has purchased the right to use many of the images in Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants. USCIS is licensed to use these images on a non-exclusive and non-transferable basis. All other rights to the images, including without limitation and copyright, are retained by the owner of the images. These images are not in the public domain and may not be used except as they appear as part of this guide. This guide contains information on a variety of topics......

Words: 26012 - Pages: 105

United States V Lopez

...Nick Kaplan Mr. Gowaskie Const. History of the US April 22, 2010 United States v. Lopez United States v. Lopez was a landmark case, being the first United States Supreme Court case, since the New Deal, to set limits on Congress’s power under the Commerce Clause of the United State Constitution. United States v. Lopez dealt with a previous decision made by the Supreme Court called the “Gun-Free Schools Zone Act of 1990,” and whether this act was constitutional. In other words, is Congress given the power by the Constitution to regulate guns in schools under the Commerce Clause? Alfonso Lopez Jr. was a twelfth-grade student at Edison High School in San Antonio, Texas. On March 10, 1992, he carried a concealed .38 caliber revolver and five cartridges into the school. When confronted by school authorities, Lopez admitted he had the weapon. He was then arrested and charged under Texas law with firearm possession on school property. This was dismissed after federal agents charged Lopez with being in violation of the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990. This act forbids, “any individual knowingly to possess a firearm at a place that [he] knows ... is a school zone.” Lopez was found guilty following a bench trial and sentenced to six months’ imprisonment and two years’ supervised release. However, Lopez did not believe that this act was constitutional. He moved to dismiss the indictment on the grounds that the Gun-Free School Zones Act was, “unconstitutional because it was......

Words: 1812 - Pages: 8

State of the United States Economy

...Evan DiLauro ECON 152 12/3/13 The State of the United States Economy By looking at the past five years of data, it is clear that the United States economy is in a state of rebound from the Great Recession. The data shows that before the recession the United States’ economy was operating at a solid level. The recent numbers show that the economy is on its way back to the state it was in before the recession hit. The Great Recession began in December 2007 due to major factors that lead to economic turmoil. Causes of the recession include failure of the federal to stem the tide of toxic mortgages, breakdowns in corporate governance, a excessive mix of risky barrowing by the households and wall street, key policy makers were not prepared for the crisis, and breaches in accountability and ethics at all levels. Due to the combination of these factors the Great recession was started and did not officially end until June 2009. During this time the unemployment rate took an all-time high and GDP growth was slowed down and at one point went negative. This was a rough time for the United States financially. Many people were in debt and did not have a job. The housing market also crashed, leaving Americans with little money and high prices on real-estate. Consumer cutbacks took a major increase, which also increased inflation, which lead to the decrease in GDP. Although the recession ended in 2009, it was the worst year for the United States unemployment rate. The annual......

Words: 1290 - Pages: 6

United States History

...There were many differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. At the end of the American Revolution, the free states needed some of control that would generate to a unified country. Issues were that the people want equal rights, and a new government. Their first attempt at solving this issue was the Articles of Confederation, which was a failure for the most part, but not completely. After the failure of the articles, the state delegates tried to revise the articles, but instead, constructed the Constitution. There were so many changes made and very little remained the same. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution had a greater sense of central government. In the Constitution a president was the executive. The president was the person that can approve or veto the new rules. After gaining independence from Great Britain, the United States was operating under the “Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union.” Under the Articles, the states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions that were not relinquished to the federal government. The American Revolution did not overturn the social order, but it did produce substantial changes in social customs, political institutions, and ideas about society and government. Among the changes were the separation of church and state in some places, the abolition of slavery in the North, written political constitutions, and a shift in political power from the eastern seaboard toward the......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Healthcare Issues in the United States

...1 Health Care Issues in the United States Ashley Barnes Dr. George Ojie-Ahamiojie Health Services Organization Management July 15, 2010 2 Describe how health is affected by behaviors, economics and social structure. When it comes to our health, there are numerous factors that play a part in whether or not we stay healthy or not; some factors we can control(physical activity & nutrition), while others are not always up to us to decide (poverty level, income). There are six key factors identified by the Centers for Disease Control(CDC) (2010) that affect the health of individuals: alcohol and drug use, smoking, injury and violence, physical activity and sexual risk behaviors. A majority of these factors an individual can chose to engage in or not, however, economic situation and social structure can impact those decisions as well. For people who are in a less affluent status, they may not be able to purchase the more nutritious option in a grocery store and will have to resort to buying enriched and over processed food products that are less expensive. These types of groceries do not provide the necessary nutrition and with prolonged consumption of these goods, can lead to adverse health effects such as obesity and diabetes. Engaging in behaviors such as drinking, risky sex and violence can lead to issues later in life if started at a young age, and contribute to education and social problems that the United States currently faces (CDC, 2010). ......

Words: 1126 - Pages: 5

Energy Policy of the United States

...ENERGY POLICY The energy policy of the United States is determined by federal, state and local entities in the United States, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption, such as building codes and gas mileage standards. Energy policy may include legislation, international treaties, subsidies and incentives to investment, guidelines for energy conservation, taxation and other public policy techniques. Several mandates have been proposed over the years, such as gasoline will never exceed $1.00/gallon (Nixon), and the United States will never again import as much oil as it did in 1977 (Carter), but no comprehensive long-term energy policy has been proposed, although there has been concern over this failure. Three Energy Policy Acts have been passed, in 1992, 2005, and 2007, which include many provisions for conservation, such as the Energy Star program, and energy development, with grants and tax incentives for both renewable energy and non-renewable energy. There is also criticism that federal energy policies since the 1973 oil crisis have been dominated by crisis-mentality thinking, promoting expensive quick fixes and single-shot solutions that ignore market and technology realities. Instead of providing stable rules that support basic research while leaving plenty of scope for American entrepreneurship and innovation, congresses and presidential administrations have repeatedly backed policies which promise solutions that are politically......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Health Care in the United States

...the United States: A Flawed Society People in the United States pay too much for the healthcare benefits they receive, and some have a poor quality of life. Advancements in technology and medical science allow people to live longer, but at times living longer has an adverse effect on the elderly. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson wrote, “all men are created equal,” yet in today’s healthcare system, all citizens are not treated as equal. Moreover, quality healthcare is provided only to those who can afford it. Due to sociocultural differences and socioeconomic changes in the United States, health disparities are at an all-time high. Rising healthcare costs and the under-regulated health insurance industry directly correlate to poor health, and true healers are few and far between. In our society, those who can afford it stay healthy, and the remaining population is forced to live without proper medical care. Many problems exist with regard to healthcare in the US including poverty, crime, ethics, and policy, but the most overwhelming is cost. President Obama’s Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, called Obama-Care by some, is a start, but our society has a long way to go in bringing affordable healthcare to all Americans. Functionalists would view the healthcare system as if nothing is wrong, calling it a trend in society and finding some rationale to justify their position on the subject. For instance, John Carl explains that “elderly......

Words: 3702 - Pages: 15

Infrastructural Deficiency in the United States

...Infrastructural Deficiency in the United States Matt Bys Western Governors University The Golden Gate Bridge and the Hoover Dam are some of the greatest parts of infrastructure in the United States of America. America would not be as great as it is without these astounding structures. The dams provide safety and bridges provide the public with faster transportation to new areas. America’s once great infrastructure is being taken for granted and deteriorating quickly. Research suggests American infrastructure requires more devotion from the government because the safety of American lives are at risk and the economy would improve from building better infrastructure. According to researcher Walter, America’s infrastructure is crumbling(2013). American infrastructure has been graded by the American Society of Civil Engineers and received a D in 2009. The elderly American infrastructure is putting the nation’s well-being at risk and is getting worse each passing year. The Minneapolis bridge collapse and New Orleans failing levees during hurricane Katrina are just a couple of devastating examples that show the state of American infrastructure(Walter, 2013). The bridge collapse in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 2007 had been designated structurally deficient just like 77,000 other bridges in America(Stawicki, 2007). Minnesota officials had known since 1990 that the bridge was considered structurally deficient. Officials had done patchwork on the bridge since then and did......

Words: 1567 - Pages: 7

Rodriguez V. United States

...Rodriguez v. United States For a long time, Americans have been victims not only of torture but also unreasonable searches and seizures conducted by police officers. However, the status has changed after passing of a related legislation which has effected an alteration in the U.S. Constitution. The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States has apparently changed the right of the American citizens’ protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. According to the document, individuals have a right to be or feel secured in houses against unreasonable captures and searches. The amendment limits the power of police to search people and seize their homes and property. The applications of the Fourth Amendment in reality, particularly in courts today, have even surprised those who drafted it. The judgment from the case Rodriguez v. the United States is primarily based on the provisions of the document to the Constitution. In this case, a k-9 officer, Morgan Struble, stopped Rodriguez on grounds of driving on the shoulder of a highway, which is a violation of the Nebraska law. The policeman then attended to everything connected with the stopping, including issuing a warning for dangerous driving checking the driving license of Rodriguez. The officer asked the permission to walk his dog around Rodriguez’s car, which was denied. He then ordered the offender to step out of his vehicle while waiting for backup to come. Once the other policemen had arrived at the...

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

The Progressive President of United States

...The significant factor that leads the United State becomes the most powerful country actually depend on its presidency and the policy to control their society. In fact, the United States has survived from several situations that should have brought them down to the crisis, but, the national political leaders such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, who intense to the social and political changes in America, have successfully raised a betterment for the United States, especially in the period of Progressive movement (1890-1920). Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson were the national political leader that regarded as the Progressive president since they introduced dramatic political reforms in the United States. They establish several legislations that considered made the condition of America during the progressive era become better; more organized government, the new banking system, more control over the big business and monopolies, development of modern presidency, were some example of the progressive actions during the presidency era of Roosevelt' and Wilson'. Particularly, T.R. elevated the importance of his presidency by understanding the importance of the press corps and promote his own image as well as to promote the press of the policies in his presidency (Bauer 8). Meanwhile, Wilson enacted the progressivism by reducing the prohibitive tariffs, creating a major transformation of the banking system, and generating new stronger of trust in order to re-establish......

Words: 3856 - Pages: 16

United States

...the history we have learned. A. The United States found itself competing with the Soviet Union in the Cold War after 1946. Write ONE paragraph and tell how the tensions started and where in the world this boiled over into confrontation and fighting. (8 points) B. The speech below reveals some of the postwar politics of the United States. Write a brief commentary (3-5 sentences) in which you identify the speaker and what his agenda was. What did it mean for the early 1950s in America? (10 points) The reason why we find ourselves in a position of impotency is not because our only powerful potential enemy has sent men to invade our shores . . . but rather because of the traitorous actions of those who have been treated so well by this Nation. It has not been the less fortunate, or members of minority groups who have been traitorous to this Nation, but rather those who have had all the benefits that the wealthiest Nation on earth has had to offer . . . the finest homes, the finest college education and the finest jobs in government we can give. This is glaringly true in the State Department. There the bright young men who are born with silver spoons in their mouths are the ones who have been most traitorous. . . . I have here in my hand a list of 205 . . . a list of names that were made known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping policy in the State Department. . . . —Sen.......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

United States V. Arizona

...United States v. Arizona: The Support Our Law Enforcement and Neighborhoods Act is Preempted and Discriminatory Melissa Goolsarran Table of Contents I. Introduction 1 II. Perspective: Immigration, Discrimination, and Limitations on State Laws 3 III. Background: United States v. Arizona 9 A. S.B. 1070 and the Legislature’s Justification 10 B. The Decision: United States v. Arizona 18 IV. Analysis: S.B. 1070 is Preempted by Federal Immigration Law and Also Discriminatory 23 A. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals Correctly found that S.B. 1070 is Preempted Because it Interferes with the Administration and Enforcement of Federal Immigration Laws 24 B. S.B. 1070 Discriminates on the Basis of Race or National Origin 32 V. Comment and Conclusion: Effects of the Arizona Law 36 I. Introduction The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (“S.B. 1070”) has been the subject of many debates for both its potential impact on federal immigration laws and discrimination against citizens and legal residents of Hispanic origin. The Arizona State Legislature passed S.B. 1070 to reduce the continuous rise in the number of illegal immigrants and alleged consequent rise in crime rates in the state. Among other provisions, the law requires officers to check a person's immigration status, criminalizes an alien’s failure to comply with federal registration laws and working without authorization, and authorizes warrantless arrests where there is probable cause...

Words: 14328 - Pages: 58

Drug Taffickin in the United States

...Drug Trafficking in the United States Amie Woods Instructor Shelley Lawyer English Composition 122 January 23, 2012 The topic I choose to discuss is Drug Trafficking in the United States. The reason I choose this topic is, because I want to inform you about the social, and the ethical effects that drug trafficking has on upon our society. From people robbing others to families stealing from each other to leaving children without one or both parents, drugs have affected our daily lives. Some addicts spend so much time and money trying to obtain drugs or under the influence of drugs that they neglect their family, friends, and work. (World Book, 2012) I will show through statistics how drug trafficking affects our economy, and introduce you to some low-level offenders that have had stiffer sentences than others simply because of their color of their skin. Last year the United States spent 68 billion dollars on incarcerating drug traffickers, and low-level offenders. (Global Commission on Drugs) (2011) In 1972, there were an estimated 300,000 people incarcerated compared to 2.3 million today. (Global Commission on Drugs) (2011) I started the research trying to limit the topic to drug cartels’, but it was too much information, and I found myself being overwhelmed with all of it. I then changed my focus to the social, ethical, and political side of the coin, because I found it to be more intriguing and much more important. I will show you how drug......

Words: 2013 - Pages: 9

United State Versus the United Kingdom

...The healthcare systems in the United States and the United Kingdom provide interesting comparisons to one another, especially since the United States is considered private and the United Kingdom has a national health system that supply universal coverage. National health systems are theoretically designed to provide accessible, affordable care for all segments of the population, but critics of such systems often question the quality of that care. Conversely, critics of the United States system often point to the fact that affordable, high quality healthcare is not equally available to all who need it (Blizzard, 2003). The differences that lie between the United States and the United Kingdom are the health plans, the providers, and hospitals. It is not strictly an insurance system because there are no premiums collected, costs are not charged at the patient level and costs are not prepaid form a pool. However, it does achieve the main aim of insurance which is to spread financial risk arising from ill health. The costs of running the National health system, which is approximately 104 billion pounds in 2007-2008, are met directly from general taxation. The National health system provides the majority of healthcare in the United Kingdom, including primary care, in -patient care, long-term care, ophthalmology, and dentistry. In the United Kingdom appointed bodies called primary care trust are responsible for the health of a defined local population. Primary care is typically......

Words: 951 - Pages: 4