Love Who?

In: Science

Submitted By huan27
Words 666
Pages 3
Pengenalan
Tamadun awal manusia terus berkembang kerana masyarakat sentiasa berusaha untuk mencapai kemajuan. Peningkatan berlaku setelah tamadun berkembang. Umumnya peningkatan tamadun merujuk kepada kemampuan manusia menggunakan pemikiran untuk mengawal dan menggunakan sepenuhnya persekitaran bagi membentuk kehidupan yang lebih kompleks, yang dapat dikaitkan dengan kemahiran menghasilkan idea-idea baru dalam meningkatkan cara hidup. Kemajuan tamadun dapat diukur melalui pencapaian manusia dari segi sosial, politik dan ekonomi. Hal ini dapat dilihat dalam tamadun Yunani, Rom, India dan China.

Ciri-ciri
a) Pembentukan Bandar
Seperti dengan tamadun yang lain, bandar negara kota ini terbentuk apabila satu perkampungan ini mengalami urbanisasi. Pembentukan ini menunjukkan corak kehidupan manusia yang semakin berorganisasi dan berkebijaksanaan. Antara negara kota ini, Harappa dan Mohenjo-Daro mempunyai struktur yang teratur.Kedua-dua bandaraya terbahagi kepada petak-petak perumahan berdasarkan corak checker-board. Jalan raya utama amat luas dan terbentang dari Utara ke Selatan dan dari Barat ke Timur. Rumah-rumah dibina dengan batu-bata dan terletak di kedua-dua belah jalan raya. Setiap rumah ini mempunyai bilik mandi, tandas, dapur dan telaga. Selain itu, bandaraya ini mempunyai jelapang-jelapang, dewan orang ramai, kedai-kedai, sistem saluran najis di bawah tanah dan citadel yang dibina untuk didiami oleh golongan pemerintah. Seterusnya, kubu-kubu telah dibina untuk melindungi bandar-bandar ini daripada serangan musuh.
b)Pembentukan Kerajaan
Secara amnya, setiap negara kota ini merupakan satu kerajaan. Ia diperintah oleh pendeta atau paderi dengan kuasa mutlak. Sistem pemerintahannya adalah teratur dan bersistematik. Tamadun ini telah mengalami kemerosotan dan terus lenyap kira-kira 1500 SM.
c) Organisasi Sosial
Organisasi sosial bagi tamadun ini tidak berapa…...

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