In: Science

Submitted By umaishumair
Words 1088
Pages 5
At the completion of this chapter, the student should be able to:
1. Define sanitation and explain its importance to management in a dining room facility.
2. Determine where and how health regulations can be obtained for a restaurant, catering, or banquet establishment.
3. Describe acceptable cleanliness and appearance standards for employees.
4. List reasons for handling utensils, glasses, and plates by their bases or rims.
5. Explain why tables cannot be set with silverware in advance.
6. Identify the "freedoms from soil."
7. Explain the importance of a clean-looking establishment as it relates to the hospitality industry.
8. Define and explain the importance of using the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP).
9. Define cross-contamination and explain how it can be prevented.
KEY WORDS consumer orientation cross-contamination HACCP health department
Sanitation is "the development and application of sanitary measures for public health." (1) This simply means that when customers enter a restaurant to eat, the food and the conditions of the restaurant are clean enough so that people will not get sick from eating there. The National Institute for the Food Service Industry (NIFI) defines sanitation this way: "In the food service situation, sanitation means wholesome food handled in a hygienic environment by healthy food handlers in such a way that the food is not contaminated with disease-causing or otherwise harmful agents." (2) Sanitation refers to visual as well as physical conditions. Guests will perceive a restaurant to be dirty if the restrooms are dirty. Any positive impression a customer might have about a restaurant can be ruined by a trip to a dirty or bad smelling restroom. Countertops and other restroom surfaces breed germs that can be transferred to food or utensils by restaurant personnel. It…...

Similar Documents

History of Western Education and teach the faith wherever they were able to do so. The teachers instilled in their pupils a strong unifying view of life and destiny as supported by the church, and which would act as a cohesive force to bring discipline and moral ideals to all members. In the process of cooperation, the government set up regulations which missions had to satisfy in order to establish schools and qualify for financial aid.20 The immediate impact of the creation of voluntary agency and grant-in-aid program was the explosion of primary schools throughout Igbomina (See Table I). Some of the Early Primary Schools in Igbomina Towns Proprietors Year of Approval by Native Authority. Agunjin S. I. M. (ECWA) Playfair 1918 by Missions Oke-Ode N.A. (Govt) Mallam Gobir 1926 Esie C. M. S. A. W. Smith 1931 Omu - A ran S. I. M. Dr R.V. Herbold 1948 Omu— Aran N.A. (Govt) J. D. Clarke 1931 Omu— A ran C. M. S. Chief Matanmi 1943 Iludun (Oro) C. M. S. Archdeacon 1933 (Mckay) Oro— Ago S.I.M. Girls School Missionaries 1932 Oro— Ago S. I. M. School Missionaries 1937 Odo-Eku S. I. M. School Missionaries 1937 Igbaja S. I. M. School Missionaries 1937 Oke-Ode S. I. M. School Missionaries 1937 Agbonda C. M. S. H. W. Smith 1938 Ajasepo Methodist Ludlow 1940 Idofin S. I. M. (ECWA) 1941 Ayekale (ECWA) 1941 Omupo C. M. S. 1943 Source: J. T. Dosunmu, The Missionary Impact on Igbomina, Ph.D. Thesis, M. S. U. p. 208. By 1950, hardly was there a village in Igbomina that was not considering opening a school. The......

Words: 6256 - Pages: 26


...the 1970s, education experts were asking how the system could be integrated into the more formal schooling of the young, but the question remained unresolved by 1990. Islamic education was part of religious duty. Children learned up to one or two chapters of the Quran by rote from a local mallam, or religious teacher, before they were five or six years old. Religious learning included the Arabic alphabet and the ability to read and copy texts in the language, along with those texts required for daily prayers. Any Islamic community provided such instruction in a mallam's house, under a tree on a thoroughfare, or in a local mosque. This primary level was the most widespread. A smaller number of those young Muslims who wished, or who came from wealthier or more educated homes, went on to examine the meanings of the Arabic texts. Later, grammar, syntax, arithmetic, algebra, logic, rhetoric, jurisprudence, and theology were added; these subjects required specialist teachers at the advanced level. After this level, students traditionally went on to one of the famous Islamic centers of learning. For the vast majority, Muslim education was delivered informally under the tutelage of mallams or ulama, scholars who specialized in religious learning and teaching. Throughout the colonial period, a series of formal Muslim schools were set up and run on European lines. These schools were established in almost all major Nigerian cities but were notable in Kano, where Islamic......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7


...this training programmed successfully and to the entire member of my family, most especially my father Alhaji Musa and my beloved mother Hajiya Fatima for their immeasurable and immense support. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Thanks be to almighty Allah, the best hearer and the all knower, for sparing my life and made me to fulfill one of the essential requirements for the award of Bachelor of Science in Physics. My appreciation to my father, Alhaji Musa who strongly contributed to my education and rendered me a support, financially and morally, also to my mothers, Mallama Fatima and Mallama Hajiya and my beloved brothers and sisters. Besides, I forward my thanks to the station manager, Radio Niger Bida, Mallam Alfa Gbangban, the station engineer Mallam Adamu Chiko and other members of staff of the station. Finally, my acknowledgement goes to anyone who in one way or the other contributed to this report. May God continue to provide their needs, guide them in their entire endeavours. ABSTRACT To improve the production in any industry or organization there must be a machine which have to be run by a generator or electricity in which it carries out the production. In summary this report is on the construction of circuits, operation and repairs of machines found in the station, this includes: transmitter, ampex machine, dummy load and other equipments at Niger State Media Corporation, Radio Niger (Booster) Station Bida. ...

Words: 583 - Pages: 3

Child Abuse and Neglect of the Nigerian Child

...the practice of Almajiri, belief in child witches and belief held about children with disability.  Practice of Almajiri – The word ‘Almajiri” emanated from Arabic word ‘AL-MUHAJIRIN’ which came as a result Prophet Mohammed’s migration from Mecca to Medina. In Hausa land Almajiri refers to “children sent from their homes and entrusted into the care of Islamic teachers to learn the Islamic studies” (Obioha, 2009) Almajiri are found mostly in the Northern part of Nigeria. They are usually between the ages of seven to fifteen. Originally, the idea was for these children to be sent out from the homes to learn Qu’ranic education in traditional way under the care of a Mallam”. However, this system changed and the children are now left to wade about the streets, and beg for alms in order to sustain themselves and their mallams (Thinkquest, 2010). They neither receive the Islamic education nor the western education. Almajiri practice leads to child abuse in the sense that the children are exposed to laborious work at tender age (between 6 to 17years), lack the necessities of life and plunged into poverty and its attendant evils and may not be trained in any skill. Children with disability – Another group of people that are abused as a result of cultural factors are children with disabilities. They experience neglect and abuse because of the taboo and traditional beliefs that surround them. Through currently there is no data on the number of children with disability in the country;......

Words: 7972 - Pages: 32

Risk Management Issues

...contracting world economy, there is every likelihood banks’ loan books will take a battering. To prepare players in the financial services sector for the journey ahead, Risk Management Association of Nigeria and Credit Decisions International have joined forces to launch the definitive credit training program, The Credit Excellence Master Class, for those in the top echelons of risk management in the financial services industry.    Already a team of the best and the brightest in credit risk management in the industry led by the Head, Credit Risk Management, First Bank of Nigeria Plc., Omolade Olawore, has been assembled for the Program. The Managing Director, Central Securities Clearing System Ltd. (CSCS), Mallam Kyari Bukar, will deliver a Keynote on Country Risk Analysis. Mallam Bukar, and Mr. Ano Anyanwu, Executive Director, Mainstreet Bank Ltd., will both serve as Special Guests of Honour at the Program, which kicks off on 2 November, 2011, at Sheraton Hotel & Towers, Ikeja. Details of The Credit Excellence Master Class have already been communicated to financial services institutions nationwide. Philosophy The following principles guide credit risk management across the Bank. The Bank shall: Deliberately manage its risk asset portfolio to ensure that the risk of excessive concentration to any industry, sector or individual customer is minimised, as well as ensure portfolio flexibility and liquidity; Ensure that exposures to any industry or customer are......

Words: 4260 - Pages: 18


...masses and the school fees is N850,000” -Atiku Abubakar Until I see someone eating out of the gutters before I believe there is poverty in Nigeria.” – Umoru Dikko. (9) “Telephone is not meant for the poor” - David Mark (10) “The worth of a child born and breed in Nigeria cannot be compared to that in the United States” -Yakubu Gowon (11) “School is not meant for the poor, only for the rich” -Ikedi Ikiri Ohakim (12) “At 50, Britain is still battling with King Arthur and the knights of the round table so Nigeria is not doing too badly” -Diezeani Madueke. (13)..”Even Jesus Christ cannot conduct a free and fair election in Nigeria” -Obasanjo (14)”The corp members where destined to die, nobody can run away from destiny” - Mallam isa Yaguda, Gov Bauchi State. (15) ”On behalf of 20 million naira, I donate my family”- Dame Jonathan. (16) ”We, the PDP did not win this election, I have gone to church to confess, I gave them money and they called the result” -Chris Uba (17) ”I want to commend the doctors and nurses for responding to treatment”-Dame Jonathan (18) ”I can see camera people, are they going to televise us alive?”- Dame Jonathan....

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Fellow Chartered Accountant

...provisions of this Code in the treatment of issues brought before them. It is our hope that all other Regulators and Self- Regulatory Organizations should do the same by ensuring that their Rules and Regulations incorporate relevant aspects of the Code. Finally, we urge all Companies, Directors, Shareholders, Auditors, Audit Committees and other Board Committees to be alive to their responsibilities and discharge their duties diligently and honestly and in accordance with this Code. The press equally has a role in ensuring that this Code serves the purpose for which it is designed by promoting and projecting the recommended practices and to bring to public notice the Companies that fail to comply. DIRECTOR GENERAL REGISTRAR GENERAL MALLAM SULEYMAN A. NDANUSA AHMED AL MUSTAPHA Securities & Exchange Commission Corporate Affairs Commission ii FORWARD The importance of effective corporate governance to corporate and economic performance cannot be over-emphasised in today's global market place. Companies perceived as adopting international best corporate governance practices are more likely to attract international investors than those whose practices are perceived to be below international standards. This realisation prompted the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “the Commission”), the apex regulatory body in the Nigerian capital market, to inaugurate the Committee on Corporate Governance of Public Companies in Nigeria (“the Committee”) on......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

Principle and Practicesof Insurance

...then 2 Femi Babatunde transferred from the insured to the insurer In return for accepting the burden of paying for losses when they occur, the insurer charges the insured a price called premium. Consider the example below Mr., jide and mallam Philip are both house owners. Let us assume that each house is worth two million naira. Mr. jide a wise man insured his house against possible loss by fire at a premium of N5, 000, while Mallam Philip’s house is uninsured. The possible financial consequences for their actions are as follows: Table 1 Insured or Not By insuring, Mr. Jide has been able to transfer the loss of N2million to his Insurer. His financial position is therefore the same, whether or not his house burns down. Whatever happens all he has to pay is a premium of N5,000. Although Samuel avoids paying N5,000, he has to bear the full loss of any fire. Samuel is therefore N5,000 better off than Mr Jide if there is no fire, but N1,995,000 worse off in the event of a fire outbreak. . Names | Premium | Loss of house destroy by fire | Amount received from insurer in the event of loss | Net loss in the event of fire | Mr Jide | N5000 | 2 million | 2 million | 2million5000 | Mallam Phihp | -- | 2 million | --- | 2million | 3 Femi Babatunde Chapter two Femi Babatunde Principles that guide insurance in Nigeria The main objective of every......

Words: 10824 - Pages: 44

Education Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, is Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to President Goodluck Jonathan of Nigeria.[1] He was previously a newspaper columnist and the chairman of the editorial board of the Nigerian newspaper The Guardian from 2001 to more about me Letters Sanusi Misinformed the World, PWC Audit Report vindicates President Dear Dr Abati, With the NNPC's GMD's clarifications, with PWC audit report, Sanusi Lamido has misinformed the world about the Federation Account. This has caused serious embarrassment to the President, especially with Baba OBJ relying on the CBN misinformation to write in frustration! The truth must be told! Dear Dr Abati, Could your office crosscheck this? ''On September 15, 2010, Mallam Ribadu who was then a presidential candidate himself, said as follows: 'I never handled a case against Patience Jonathan, never; it’s a lie. You know it is so sad because in our country this is how we go about maligning people. But today thank God I am not in his government. So, I can open up and talk. If I were to say it earlier people would have thought that I was looking for job from President Goodluck Jonatha More Letters Archive[pic] Home | Commentary | Press Release | Interviews | About Me | Contact © 2013 Reuben Abati - All Rights Reserved Aminiya | Thisday | Proshareng | Business Day | Daily Sun | The Guardian | Channels Television | Daily Trust | Leadership Newspaper | Nation | Newswatch | Tell | Africa Independent......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

African Drama as a Critique of Social Systems

...definition will be appropriate considering the plays under scrutiny. Therefore, criticism of social systems refers to the exposition of how various entities whether cultural or political in a society have flawed hence need restructuring to have morality and sanity prevail. Poor leadership systems and barbaric cultural systems will be dissected with ample illustrations from four African plays revealing social injustices and oppressive cultures. Social injustice is a relative concept concerning unfairness in a society in regard to the manner in which the leadership divides rewards and burdens .Tewfik Al Hakims’ plays The Sultans’ Dilemma and Song of Death will be used together with Mohammed Ben Abdallah’s The Verdict of the Cobra and Trial of Mallam Ilya. At the beginning of Sultan’s dilemma we learn that a stake has been set up to which a man condemned to death is tied. The Condemned Man is eager to know the hour of his execution as he refers to his execution as a joyous event to the executioner. The executioner tells the Condemned Man when the Muezzin climbs to the minaret of the Mosque and gives a call to dawn prayer he will breathe his last. At that time the executioner will raise his sword and swipe the Condemned Man’s head because those are the orders. In other words, the executioner has no verdict of his own instead has to execute as instructed by the superiors. We learn that the Condemned Mans’ offence is to claim that he was the one who sold the Sultan to the......

Words: 4318 - Pages: 18

Case Study

...C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6 B, B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6 A4, B4, C4 - VOLTA A5, B5, C5 - TEMA A6, B6, C6 - WESTERN LEGEND: A1, B1, C1 - EASTERN A2, B2, C2 - ASHANTI A3, B3, C3 - CENTRAL Below is the Affected Areas. Please identify your Region and Group before consulting the time-table. ACCRA REGION GROUP A Wise Way, Okponglo, Standard Board, Golf House, Parts of East legon, Frafraha, Amrahia, Amanfro, Parts of Adenta Barrier, Wireless Station, Taysec, Granite Court, Parts of Osu RE, Ako Adjei, Parts of Mallam, Lower McCarthy Hill, Weija Junction, MDPI, Afia Beach Hotel, Labour Dept, Kwame Nkrumah Musoluem, Zongo Junction, Abossey Okai, Mateheko T'adi Lorry station, Ga Mantse, Bubiashie EP Church and surrounding areas, Century, Parts of Asylum down, Niagara Hotel, Trust Towers, East Legon, Erata Hotel, Bawaleshie, Ashaley Botwe Newtown and Old Town, St Peters SHS, La Apapa, Tse Adoman, Kojo Sardine, De-gaulle Park, GIS, Du Bois Centre, NAM Village, Mallam, Gbawe and its surrounding areas, Part of Lartebiokoshie, Abossey Okai, Ghana Telecom University, Cape vars Guest House, Santana Market, Part of Osu, Papaye, Beijing Clinic and environs, Teshie Maami, Adjoman, North Ridge, BNI, WAEC, Swiss Embassy, VRA Flats, NAFTI, East Cantonments, Agbogbloshie and Surrounding areas, Auto Parts, Blowplast, Pharmacare, Pepsi, Abofu, Kisseman and part of West Legon, Akweteman, Abeka Pipe Down, Shaaba, TV Africa, SSNIT Archives, ACP, Taifa, Ofankor, Kata, Kwashiebu, Sowutuom,......

Words: 3073 - Pages: 13


... Academic Integrity Mahender goud mallam ESL #203 Wilmington University September, 4, 2015 1Q) Please place this definition in your own words? Ans. a act or instance of utilizing the language and considerations of another creator without approval and the representation of that creator's role as one's own, as by not crediting the first creator. Plagiarism happens when an author copies another essayist's dialect or thoughts and afterward calls the work his or her own. 2Q) What may happen to a student who plagiarizes Ans. A student found liable of damaging a school's copyright infringement approaches can face approvals extending from disappointment of a class to removal from the school. In minor occasions, for example, duplicating a homework task, teachers might just come up short you for the work. In any case, real major plagiarism cases including replicating noteworthy parts of papers or ventures frequently bring about referrals to school legal sheets that make judgments and issue sanctions. 3Q) What is unintentional plagiarism? Ans. Unintentional Plagiarism happens when scholars and analysts utilize the words or thoughts of others however neglect to quote or give credit, maybe on the grounds that they don't know how. If all else fails, understudies must check with an instructor or administrator. 4Q) Give four examples of......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Cashless Nigeria

...banking sector has become intense, partly due to regulatory imperatives of universal banking and also due to customers’ awareness of their rights. Bank customers have become increasingly demanding; they require high quality, low priced, immediate service delivery and improved value from their chosen banks. And in the face of all these complaints, some continue to shy away from all forms of electronic banking, like ATM, that are devoid of queue. Findings show that queues have returned in banks where facilities are limited and cannot meet up with demand. Not too many bank customers can withstand the queues, yet they are reluctant to fully embrace the cashless policy. CASHLESS NIGERIA The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) under the leadership of Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi (now the Emir of Kano) introduced a policy on cash-based transactions which stipulates a cash handling charge on daily cash withdrawals that exceed N500,000 for Individuals and N3,000,000 for Corporate bodies. The new policy on cash-based transactions (withdrawals) in banks, aims at reducing (NOT ELIMINATING) the amount of physical cash (coins and notes) circulating in the economy, and encouraging more electronic-based transactions (payments for goods, services, transfers, etc.). The following aspects of the policy was applied from January 1st 2012 in Lagos State (tagged Cash-less Lagos): * Only CIT licensed companies is allowed to provide cash pick-up services. Banks will cease cash in transit lodgment......

Words: 1517 - Pages: 7

Implications of Cashless Society encourage the use of electronic payment channels. The CBN authorities believe that the cash economy is very costly as the cost of transportation, security and printing of the Nigerian currency cost the nation N200 billion annually. Going by the directive of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Nigerians are to withdraw a maximum N150, 000 daily in cash. The CBN arrived at the N150, 000 limits through a survey, where it was discovered that over 90 per cent cash transactions that take place in Nigeria today is below N150, 000. Nonetheless, this has continued to attract divergent views from the public and stakeholders. The Senate Committee on Banking and Currency in response, invited the CBN to a public hearing it held on the matter, where Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi explained the reasons for the policy and what the banking system and the economy stand to gain from it. He also appealed for the understanding of all stakeholders and promised that the CBN and banks will soon embark on a massive enlightenment campaign while insisting that the CBN would go ahead to implement the policy with some adjustments if found necessary. Meanwhile the quest for a cashless economy by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has received World Bank’s endorsement. This was revealed during the launching of a book titled “Achieving Nigeria’s Financial System Strategy 2020: Making Finance Work for Nigeria” by the World Bank in Abuja on Friday, June 4, 2011. In the book that appraised Nigeria’s readiness......

Words: 1886 - Pages: 8

The Word some more facebook and twitter stunt, sponsors more purposeless “talent or handout” shows… so they dont Wake up from their slumber… while u allocate the funds to the names i will you and then EAT the rest. Sir, you are being very generous when you stated 100,000 jobs. for where???!!! There are alot of things better left unsaid about the Ruling party and its Pilot. Like i always said GEJ would have been a man of Honor if he didn’t contest in April. He would have been so respected by all as a “Great” man, as we would not have been privileged to see his exhibition of ineptitude and tactless leadership. twitter @hardrold 2. [pic] G. Stanley Okoye, M.D., Ph.D. permalink December 17, 2011 Mallam Nasir El-Rufai, my sincere condolence for the lost of your daughter, Yasmin. I enjoy your objective and brilliant socio-economic and political analysis. You’re a special Nigerian. The eye glasses is save and still looks brand new – my apologizes, I had no way of contacting you. 3. [pic] Aliyu Yunusa permalink December 18, 2011 Sir i really educate about budget that propose by GEJ goverment. But your solution to contact the legislation is almost mission impossible because most of them are not coming home. Even if they arrive ,they just encircle themselve with yes sir people . And any jack and harry want to get a kitchen change from them. 4. [pic] James J. Kolo permalink December 18, 2011 ......

Words: 3932 - Pages: 16