Free Essay

Management

In: Business and Management

Submitted By eelnosliw
Words 1514
Pages 7
Introduction

Health assessment means different things to different people. Barkauskas, Stoltenberg-Allen, Baumann and Darling-Fisher (2002) consider health assessment as the systematic collection of data that health professionals, such as nurses, can use to make decisions about how thy will intervene to promote, manintain or restore health.

In this paper, discussion about nursing assessment form of Queen Elizabeth Hospital (figure 1) and Gordon’s functional health pattern (figure 2) are presented, and comparisons between these two assessments on the aspects of structure, comprehensiveness, and applicability will be explained.

Comparison between hospital assessment and Gordon’s functional health patterns

Queen Elizabeth Hospital admission assessment form and the Gordon’s functional health pattern assessment form also can showed the evaluation of Ms Wong’s condition, Ms Wong was admitted to QEH because of slip and fell with left patella fracture. Both assessment forms had clear subjective and objective data on health perception and elimination pattern. It can provide data for us to making nursing diagnosis and care plan. However, there are something difference in terms of structure, comprehensive and applicability of these two assessment.

Structure

The format of Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns Assessment form is simple categories and concise typology. This layout is clustering and is easier to understand and complete. However, hospital assessment forms but not detail to separate category. The Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns Assessment form provides organization framework within which health assessment takes place, so as to clarify and identify client needs, risk factors and specific health problems. The Gordon’s functional health assessment forms including 11 domains in functional health patterns as follows. This is Health perception and management, Activity and exercise, Nutrition and metabolism, Elimination, Sleep and rest, Cognition and perception, Sexuality and reproduction, Self-perception and self-conception, Role and relationships, Coping and stress management, Values and beliefs. A last 4 domains also assess about psychological, social, spiritual. In hospital assessment form to more detail about it.

Comprehensiveness

Gordon’s functional health patterns illustrated a wide scope of assessment themes as a holistic reflection of patient conditions, then more enable prompt nursing diagnosis and implementation. Gordon’s functional health pattern assessment can including to physical, psychological, social, spiritual states were inter-related and inter-dependent. As for Ms Wong’s case, we can know she is suffer from insomnia problems but do not know the reason. However, we can know the reason of insomnia because she is worry no one can take care her husband though Gordon’s functional health patterns assessment. Then, we can provide a holistic care for Ms Wong. For example, refer Community Nurse Service to visit Ms Wong’s home periodically in hospitalization period.

For the hospital assessment, less comprehensive touchdown on patient’s psychological and spiritual details assessed, for example patterns of self- concept sexuality, role relationship, values and beliefs. It let us difficult to set up a holistic care and reduce the chance to set up relationship with our patients.

Applicability

Gordon’s assessment form demonstrates a wider range of health data’s collection as well as a complete history is achieved. It provides informative data and focuses in every daily living, basic health need, cognitive, self-perception, copying stress tolerance and value-belief pattern of the client. Those enhance to set up a conceptual framework for the giving of spiritual care. To make judgment with concerning nursing diagnosis and collaborative problems. They are interrelated and the nursing process can then be easily adopted. The interview is time consuming when using this assessment form. This assessment form pattern suits everyone to read or self -completing. It also contains main components of real health-satisfaction of physical, mental and social-psychology problems.
We can always to build up a good relationship with patient though this assessments.

Hospital assessment form applicability is great but superficial. It suits for the Accident and emergency unit or acute setting hospital. In these hospital or unit, we most important to treat the life threaten problems first. Thought the hospital assessment to have a initial assessment. It is not enough to time to complete a Gordon’s functional health pattern assessment. However, Gordon’s functional pattern assessment is fit for the sub-acute, rehabilitation hospital or psychiatric unit.
To know more about psychological,social, spiritual statues is very important for nurse to decide a personal care plan to help the client to restore a daily life.

At the other side, the open and in depth assessment on psychological and spiritual pattern of Gordon’s assessment tool is difficult to carry out in Chinese culture society. Chinese culture is more traditional, discussion on sexuality reproductive pattern with others was rare. The rectal, breast, genital examination would be odd routine for them because of considering privacy for the areas. Chinese were relatively more reluctant to be examined by nurse than the authorized medical practitioners.

For the detailed psychological and spiritual assessment of Gordon’s functional health patterns, including the deep down exploration on one’s sense of personal identity, view of stressor and defense mechanism. All of the explorations required good trust and rapport relationship was able to be established between nurse and patient, and such really dependent on nurse’s interviewing skills and time invested. Self- reflection of patient was not always possible since these needed certain level of self- awareness or insight.

Conclusion

Holistic health assessment is the foundational skill for the nursing process and uses multiple theory as guidelines in collecting and analyzing data(Grimes & Burns, 1996).

Compare with two different assessment forms, we could recognize the importance of nursing assessment forms that needs an entire structure, comprehensive and applicability, which helps to conduct a good health interview on client. Gordon’s functional pattern is more details in physical, psychological, social, spiritual approach facilitate nurses to get a very comprehensive overview of patient’s health status and identify various possible health problems. In hospital assessment form, it does not include sufficient information about psycho-spiritual side, but the gathered information seemed to be sufficient for the care of emergency or simple case, times and effort was saved. Thereby, different assessment tools is fit for different types of hospital ward setting. *

Reference

Barkauskas, V.H., Stoltenbery – Allen, K., Baumann, L.C., & Darling – Fisher, C. (2002). Health and physical assessment (3rd ed.). St Louis, MO:Mosby.

Grimes, J.and Burns, E. (1996) Health Assessment In Nursing Practice, (4th ed) Little, Brown and company, Bostion.

Contents

Introduction Page 1

Comparison between hospital assessment and Page 1
Gordon’s functional health patterns

Structure Page1 - 2

Comprehensiveness Page 2

Applicability Page 2 - 3

Conclusion Page 4

Reference Page 5

<Compare Hospital Health Assessment and Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns>

Chan Shuk Ying

97028118

TMA 1

Mr. Law Ching Chuen

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the course work for

<NURS S305 Health Assessment and Primary Health Care>

The Nursing Team

School of Science and Technology

The Open University of Hong Kong

25 June 2012

Figure 2

Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns

Name: Ms Wong
Age : 83
Sex: Female
Race: Chinese
Time admitted : 23.6.2012 at 22:30

1. Health Perception – Health Management Pattern

Subjective data: s/f and c/o of left knee pain.

Objective data: General condition: stable, left knee swelling, and decrease range of movement. Temp:37c, BP/P: 154/69mmHg, 90/min, RR:18/min, XR showed fracture of Left patella.

2. Nutritional – Metabolic Pattern

Subjective data: appetite well on low salt full diet. BW55kg with BMI: 21.

Objective data: normal, skin examination normal.

3. Elimination Pattern

Subjective data: bowel and bladder elimination pattern normal

Objective data: may need one assistance to toilet because of left knee pain. Always voiding in bedpan decrease range of movement at left knee. Urine for albumin and sugar: -ve. Abdominal examination, rectal examination and gentoi-urinary examination done:NAD.

4. Activity – Exercise Pattern

Subjective data: c/o left knee to difficult to handle daily activities. Need one assist her to transfer from bed to chair. Objective data: Musculoskeletal system: Left knee swelling and decrease range of movement. Respiratory system and circulatory system normal

5. Sleep-Rest Pattern – rest and relaxation

c/o insomnia, awake at night. Bedtime: 11pm

6. Cognitive-Perceptual Pattern

Mental status assessment: Conscious and alert. Memory intact
Neurological examination done:
RUL5, RLL5
LUL 5,LLL3
GCS 15/15
Sensory examination done: hearing and vision normal. Speech clear with Cantonese.
Pain: c/o left knee pain with pain score 9/10

7. Self-Perception-self-concept Pattern

Feel good

8. Role – relationship pattern Live with husband only, her husband suffer from CVA at last year and mainly homebound now. Ms Wong is a main carer of him. One son in China but not always contact. Ms Wong claimed that she worry about no one take care of her husband. She requested contact MSW for provide meals on wheels service for her husband. She also wanted a nurse will visit her husband.

9. Sexuality-Reproductive Pattern

Gyan state: Menopause
Breast examination : NAD
Genital examination: NAD

10. Coping-stress tolerance Pattern

She always feeling fatigue after her husband suffer from CVA at last year. She cannot to share to her son, because she always cannot contact him.

11. Value-Belief Pattern

No reglious…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Management

...Top of Form CC/SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES - Management - JOURNAL LIST Total journals: 131 1. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT ANNALS Annual ISSN: 1941-6520 ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON, ENGLAND, OXFORDSHIRE, OX14 4RN 1. Social Sciences Citation Index 2. Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences 2. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Bimonthly ISSN: 0001-4273 ACAD MANAGEMENT, PACE UNIV, PO BOX 3020, 235 ELM RD, BRIARCLIFF MANOR, USA, NY, 10510-8020 1. Social Sciences Citation Index 2. Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences 3. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT LEARNING & EDUCATION Quarterly ISSN: 1537-260X ACAD MANAGEMENT, PACE UNIV, PO BOX 3020, 235 ELM RD, BRIARCLIFF MANOR, USA, NY, 10510-8020 1. Social Sciences Citation Index 2. Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences 4. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVES Quarterly ISSN: 1558-9080 ACAD MANAGEMENT, PACE UNIV, PO BOX 3020, 235 ELM RD, BRIARCLIFF MANOR, USA, NY, 10510-8020 1. Social Sciences Citation Index 2. Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences 5. ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT REVIEW Quarterly ISSN: 0363-7425 ACAD MANAGEMENT, PACE UNIV, PO BOX 3020, 235 ELM RD, BRIARCLIFF MANOR, USA, NY, 10510-8020 1. Social Sciences Citation Index 2. Current Contents - Social & Behavioral Sciences 6. ACTION RESEARCH Quarterly ISSN: 1476-7503 SAGE......

Words: 4439 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Management

...Management and Leadership Paper 1 Management and Leadership Paper University of Phoenix Harry Core /MT330 September 3, 2012 Management Leadership Paper 2 Management and Leadership at the Microsoft this organization requires both parties to accomplished their goal whether it’s the manager or the Leader. The organization requires the Leader and Manage to success in the ability to get the job done in a timely manner. This organization solely depends on the manager skills and the leader motivation. People might sometime get the two position mix up, but both positions are not the same the two positions have two difference job descriptions that needed to perform job duties. Management skills are a vital element within the business setting, and leader are just important also. Leader and manage work hand-in-hand although the two are not the same, but they are necessarily link. Separating the two will cause more issue then it will solve the manage job is to coordinate, plan, and organize the leader motivate and inspire the leader introduce new method to the team manager manage the team. The leader is capable of creating manager is an imitation. The leader makes the picture visible the manager supports by providing the leader with what is needed to perform. In......

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Management

...Boeing Management Planning Heather Oetzel MGT 330 October 22, 2012 Joe Cheng Abstract Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us", 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the customers’ needs can be met, what is expected out of the company, and the environment. The structure of management helps accommodate the need for experience and expertise on important factors. Some of these factors are legal issues, ethics, and corporate social responsibility instead of just focusing on the profits. This paper covers the planning function of management, the influences of legal issues, ethics, and corporate social responsibility on management planning, and factors that influence the company’s strategic, tactical, operational, and contingency planning. Boeing Management Planning Boeing is known as “the world’s leading aerospace company and the largest manufacturer of commercial jetliner and military aircraft combined ("The Boeing Company: About Us," 2012). Every company uses different types of management techniques including how the planning function of management is used. Planning allows organizations to develop how the customers’ needs can be met, what is expected out of the company, and the environment. The structure......

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Management

...------------------------------------------------- Principles of Management Unit 1 Ch 1: Management: An Introduction * Management is that function of an enterprise which concern itself with the direction and control of the various activities to attain the business objective.[Def by William Spriegel] * A distinct on going process of allocating inputs of an organisation by typical managerial functions for the purpose of acheving stated objectives namely – output of goods and services desired by its customer. In the process, work is done with and through the persons of the organisation in an ever changing business environment Characteristics of Management 1. Management aims at reaping rich results in economic terms: a. Primary task is to secure production performance b. Management is expected to bring in the desired results. c. Maximisation of profits while utilising the the available resources. 2. Management also implies skill and experience in getting things done through people: d. Enlisting co-operation and securing positive responsefrom people is the economic function of eaning a profitable return. e. Getting the suitable type of people for executing the operation is the signficant aspect of management. 3. Management is process: f. It is a process, function or activity g. It continues till the set objectives of the organisation is achieved. 4. Management is a Universal Activity: h.......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Management

...Discussion Questions Week 1 Select a small business that you may want to start. What is strategic management and planning? Why would a strategic plan be important to the success of this business? How are the four functions of management relative to creating and implementing a strategic plan? • Select a small business that you may want to start. The small business that was select is Day Spa Spa is an oasis of tranquility, and relaxation, and offers a complete day spa experiences. • What is strategic management and planning? Strategic management is the groundwork for a company’s vision and allows a company to be ready to capitalize on opportunities. Strategic management is a process of evaluating a company’s mission, establishing the company’s design, developing the company’s organization and relationships, and guiding the company’s plan to execution to ensure that the management is consistent with the company’s strategy (Pearce & Robinson, 2009). Strategic planning is the process of determining a company’s long-term goals and determines the best approach to achieve the goals. Strategic planning is matching the strengths of the business to available opportunities. Understanding the business strengths and weaknesses and develop a clear mission, goals, and objectives. • Why would a strategic plan be important to the success of this business? Strategic planning plays an important role in Day Spa because it can make the difference between the success and failure of the......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management

...informational role. The purpose is to identify and discuss the importance of informational role that are required to perform. Experts find that informational role have some relationship with interpersonal role, decisional role. Besides, experts believe that informational role play part in external environment and important for every level of managers. In addition, some experts argue that Mintzberg’s theory have some limitation in some area. Therefore, this essay will discuss several parts of informational roles: what informational roles are, the importance of informational roles, how informational roles affect in different levels management, and the limitation of Mintzberg’s theory among CEOs. Management role is the different behaviours that managers are expected to play in different situations. Mintzberg(1973) conclude that managers perform 10 different management roles. The 10 roles can be grouped into 3 categories: Interpersonal role(figurehead, lead, liaison),Informational role(monitor, disseminator, spokesperson) and decisional role(entrepreneaur, disturbance handler, resource allocator, negotiator). Before discuss the importance of informational role, it is necessary to define monitor, disseminator and spokesperson. According to Mintzberg(1973), the managers act as monitor is responsible for seeking and collecting internal or external information to understand organization’s and public’s situation. For example, a marketing manager read magazines and communicate with......

Words: 1668 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Management

...scope of management Management has different definitions, from different theorists. There are various ways of describing management, so in this assignment the different definitions of management would be discussed and we would also see how most of the definitions are similar, along with their functions. We should consider management look at why management is very relevant. We should see how the various views of these management theorists are similar and also if they contrast. Management, as defined, “is the activity of getting things done with the aid of people and other resources efficiently and effectively, it is a feature of most human circumstances; domestic, social and political, as well as in formally established organisations”(David Boddy, 2008, ps.10). We human beings perform different activities everyday such as; eating, drinking, playing and they are related to management etc. According to Mary Parket Follet, “Management is the act of getting things done through people. So management is an activity because a manager accomplishes his task or objective with the help of others and also directs these people in order to obtain his objective, so management achieves its objectives through people, so management is quite useful to people. In management there are various activities that are carried out. These include informational activities, decisional activities and inter-personal activities and all these activities are to be done by a manager. Management......

Words: 1606 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Management

...Schools of Management Thought SCHOOLS OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHT Structure 4.0 Objectives 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Historical Perspective 4.3 Theory in Management 4.4 Classification of Management Theories 4.5 Classical Management Theory 4.5.1 Scientific Management 4.5.2 Administrative Management 4.5.3 Bureaucratic Organization 4.5.4 Criticisms on Classical Management Theory 4.6 Neo-Classical Theory 4.6.1 Human-Relations School 4.6.2 Behavioural Schools 4.7 Modem Management Theory 4.7.1 Systems Theory 4.1.2 Contingency Theory 4.7.3 Organizational Humanism 4.7.4 Management Science 4.8 Other Schools of Thoughts, Styles and Approaches 4.9 Problems and Conflicts in Management Theories 4.10 Summary 4.11 Key Words 4.12 References and Further Reading 4.0 OBJECTIVES After reading this Unit, you will be able to • know the historical development of schools of management thought; • explain what a theory in management is; • outline the classification of management theories; • describe important schools of management, their contributions and limitations; • elaborate problems and conflicting issues in management theory; and 4.1 INTRODUCTION In the preceding three units of this block you have learnt various scientific principles of management, management functions and what constitutes managerial quality and leadership as propounded by management experts. In this Unit you will have a historical perspective of management approaches or thoughts. The block in toto will......

Words: 9513 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Management

...Material management department is typically responsible for directing the supply chain. Material management is an umbrella department that has many other functions (e.g., central store, laundry and linen operations, and sterile processing). The core purpose of material management is to direct and control the movements of goods in an efficient manner through a hospital system (Langabeer, 2008). This material management proposal document will elaborate on the role materials management plays within a hospital and the role of operations managers in this process. This document will further identify possible constraints a hospital may experience in its supply chain, the potential effects and justification on implementing a new collaborative planning process, and provide suggestions on how to manage a hospital supplied during a disaster. Role of Materials and Operations Management The role of materials and operations management plays within a hospital system is vital to the success of any health care organization. According to Langabeer (2008) material management controls significant resources and have total expenditures, or spending at 50% of a hospital budget. Materials management not only directs and controls the supply chain of a health care organization it is responsible for managing the flow of goods throughout the hospital and carry out supply and resource logistics. Materials management has numerous meanings and some hospitals view material management as an umbrella......

Words: 2549 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Management

...Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management Management......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Management

...informational meeting SumMer Study Abroad Program February 6th at 2 pm STellar Building, Room 215 We’ll have snacks, so bring your appetite! Management is a necessary evil of any business. It provides the leadership and administration that will ensure that the organization runs the way that it should. According to the online business dictionary (2011), management is defined as the organization and coordination of the activities of an enterprise in accordance with certain policies and in achievement of defined objectives. It is the process of using organizational resources to achieve organizational objectives through planning, organizing and staffing, leading, and controlling. Management is an essential factor of production along with machines, materials, and money. As a discipline, management consists of the interlocking functions of formulating corporate policy and organizing, planning, controlling, and directing an organization's resources to achieve the policy's objectives. Management can also imply the directors and managers who have the power and responsibility to make decisions to manage an enterprise.Management is a necessary evil of any business. It provides the leadership and administration that will ensure that the organization runs the way that it should. According to the online business dictionary (2011), management is defined as the organization and coordination of the activities of an enterprise in accordance with certain policies and in achievement of......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Management

...Ref: Management , Seventh Edition By Stephen P. Robbins &Mary Coulter INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT CONTENT Who Are Managers?  What Is Management?  Management Functions and Process  Management Role and Skills  How is the manager’s job changing?  Rewards and Challenges of Being a Manager  Summary  WHO ARE MANAGERS?     Someone who works with and through other people by coordinating their work activities in order to accomplish organizational goals Coordinating the work of a departmental group / supervising a single person Coordinating the work activities of a team composed of people from several different departments People outside the organization such as temporary employees or employees who work for the organization's suppliers. Levels of Management WHAT IS MANAGEMENT ?  The process of coordinating work activities so that they are completed efficiently and effectively with and through other people.  The process represents the ongoing functions or primary activities engaged in by managers.  These functions are typically labeled planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. (POLCA) EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS Efficiency refers to getting the most output from the least amount of inputs.  Effectiveness is described as "doing the right things"  Efficiency (Means) Resource Usage Low Waste Effectiveness (Ends) Goal Attainment High Attainment Management Strives for ; Low Resource Waste (high efficiency) High Goal Attainment (high......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Management

...Kristian Kenn D Limsipson BSBA-BM 1A PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT Management in businesses and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management is the act or skill of controlling and making decisions about a business. Management is the way of something is handled, careful treatment, supervising skills, or those in charge of a business or a group. Manager a person who controls the activities, business dealings and other aspects of the career of an entertaines. Manager is a person responsible for supervising and motivating people. *What are the task, roles, skills of the manager* Management Task #1: Coaching One of the most important management task is coaching. Managers must be the persons who will show to their subordinate or team members the right direction where the organization will need to go. They are simply instructors and trainers. Management Task #3: Change Agent The whole change process must be planned and managed if you want to bring desired results. Managers in the same time must ensure that the company will continue with the current level of success and prepare to implement change that will bring future success. Management Task #4: Forecasting the Future Forecasting is another managerial task that will provide a picture of how the future will look like from......

Words: 781 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management

...Lahore School of Economics Course: Management: Policy and Practice (MGT 503) Semester: Winter Semester 2012 Part- I Class: MBA for Professionals I Sec B Course Instructor: Usamah Iyyaz Billah (email: usamahbillah@yahoo.com ) Class Day & Timings: Sunday: 12:45 PM - 02:45 PM + 3.00PM - 5.00PM SYLLABUS 1. Introduction to Case Study Method: The case study method is radically different from traditional teaching methods. Students will learn the basic rules of an Oral Case Analysis Presentations as well as how to prepare and present Written Analysis for comprehensive management cases. 2. Defining the Managers Terrain: What is a management function, roles and kills? Universality of Management. A brief History of Management. Organizational Culture and Environment. Classifying managers and nominal employees. How the work done by managers is important for the organizations and how difficult it is to be a good manager who carries Social Responsibility and Good Ethics. 3. Planning: Managers as Decision makes, Decision making Process. Classifying decisions and decision making conditions. Techniques for effective decision making. Foundation of Planning. Setting goals/objectives and developing plans. Strategic management and planning. 4. Organizing: Organizational structure and design. Functional, geographic, product, process, customer departmentalization. Chain of command and span of control. Decisions......

Words: 1793 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Management

...Scientific management is a theory of systematic study with great influence that attempts to apply science to the process of management with the main objective to improve economic efficiency. The theory was first introduced by Frederick Winslow Taylor in 1912 and has been altered and developed for several times. (Freeman, 1996, P35) Is scientific management still relevant to a predominantly service economy is debatable. The aim of this essay is to discuss the supporting viewpoints. Several reasons are provided to support the relevance of scientific management and the current service economy which are listed as followings: firstly, applying science for each element of work to create best way to perform the task; secondly, division of labor, specialization and total quality management system are used to increase efficiency of the production; finally, piece-rate as one of the reward systems of scientific management is widely used till nowadays. At first, Taylor stated the measurement of scientific management is to develop a science for each element of a work which includes discovering one best way to perform the task, planning each task in advance with instructions describing in details and determining the correct time to complete each task. (Aguiar, 2001, P257) For instance, Aguiar identifies how scientific management is applying to the measurement of cleaning work in the new building workplace, which is one example of service economy. Science is used to calculate the size......

Words: 967 - Pages: 4