Mbti as a Tool

In: Business and Management

Submitted By HedbergAnna
Words 2436
Pages 10
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Introduction

The world economy today is changing in a fast pace and it puts a high pressure on companies abilities to be efficient and productive. Because of today’s demanding business environment companies are under more pressure and a strategic advantage could be in building an effective workforce through a variety of psychometric testing (Suman, 2009). One such psychometric test is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator which is widely used in organisations today as a tool. This literature review aims to briefly describe the background history of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and to understand the theory of the test. It also aims to identify and investigate research done on Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. One objective is to analyse research on its reliability and validity and also to understand the application of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) in different appropriate work and organisational settings e.g. team work.

History

MBTI is based on the writings of Carl Jung, a Swiss who worked with Freud before parting from him and developing his own theory. Jung was influenced by Freud but suggested that it was something wider than purely sexual or aggressive drives that motivated behaviour. He also shifted focus from Freud’s childhood centred personality development theory to a belief that personality development continues throughout life (Maltby, Day and Macaskill, 2010).

When Jung analysed a patient’s case history through two different perspectives, Freudian and Alderian, and getting two valid but very different views of the patient Jung thought that there must be two different types of personality, one focusing on the external world (Extroversion) and the other focusing on the internal world (Introversion). After further investigation he found that there were differences within the both groups’ way of relating to the world. He then…...

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