In: Business and Management

Submitted By tity
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Terdapat tiga sektor terpenting dalam struktur pengeluaran ekonomi Malaysia iaitu sektor pertama, sektor kedua, dan sektor ketiga. Sektor pertama terdiri daripada aktiviti-aktiviti pertanian, perikanan, perhutanan, perlombongan, dan kuari. Sektor kedua terdiri daripada aktiviti-aktiviti pembinaan dan pembuatan sementara sektor ketiga ialah sektor perkhidmatan seperti elektrik, gas dan air, pengangkutan, penyimpanan dan perhubungan, perdagangan borong dan runcit serta perkhidmatan. Dengan perkataan lain, tiga sektor tersebut memberikan gambaran jenis-jenis pekerjaan bagi kaum Melayu, Cina, India, dan lain-lain di Malaysia iaitu ada yang terlibat dengan sektor pertama, ada yang terlibat dengan sektor kedua dan ketiga. (Lehar, 1998)


Setiap negara di dunia menghadapi masalah sosial dan ekonominya sendiri. Negara kita juga tidak dapat lari daripada masalah-masalahnya. Beberapa isu ekonomi telah dihadapi oleh negara sejak merdeka lagi dan sebahagiannya masih lagi dirasai. Isu-isu ini adalah seperti berikut.

1) Pergantungan Eksport

Warisan dari dasar dan pentadbiran penjajah British telah menyebabkan ekonomi negara bergantung kepada pengeluaran dan eksport dua komoditi utama iaitu getah dan bijih timah di Semenanjung, tumpuan eksport ialah lada hitam dan petroleum di Sarawak, dan kayu balak di Sabah. Sebelum merdeka, pendapatan dari eksport kasar merupakan lebih 45 peratus daripada KDNK dan 85 peratus dari jumlah tersebut dating dari eksport getah dan bijih timah. (Lehar, 1998)

Pergantungan yang keterlaluan adalah kurang menguntungkan kerana pendapatan negara selalu tidak stabil akibat turun naik harga dan permintaan di pasaran dunia. Walau bagaimanapun, masalah ini telah dapat diatasi apabila kerajaan mula menjalankan strategi kepelbagaian dari sejak kemerdekaan hingga kini. Eksport negara sekarang…...

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Mcdonalds continued to improve sales. McDonalds is one of the top U.S fast-food joints. It has been around since 1937. Patrick McDonald opened “The airdrome” restaurant on route 66 near the airport in California. In 1940 his two sons, Maurice and Richard (“Mac” and “Dick”), Moved the entire building and later renamed it McDonalds. They had sold hamburgers for ten cents and then all you can drink orange juice for five cents. The McDonalds Corporation made many new stops to build. In the early 1960s McDonalds really began to take off. The growth in U.S automobile use that came with suburbanization contributed heavily to their success. Later Kroc bought the McDonalds brothers, aiming to make it the number one fast-food chain in the country. McDonald’s role was to feed the hungry people that came in. They a lot of people in the 60’s because the demand for it became greater. Around 1968 McDonald restaurants reached all 50 states. It was said that a new McDonalds opened every five hours somewhere in the world. The public face of McDonalds was created in 1963 with the introduction of a clown we all know as Ronald McDonald. The “M” symbol we all see at every McDonald is the most enduring logo, lasting longer than the tall arches that had once dominated the rooftops of earlier restaurants. Other symbols that we remember are the Big Mac, the egg McMuffin, Happy Meals, and the Chicken McNuggets. It is normal for us to walk in any McDonalds and say automatically what we want.......

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