Mexican American War

In: Historical Events

Submitted By senorita49
Words 783
Pages 4
HIST 1301
Assignment #3
The Mexican American War
The Mexican-American War (April 1846–February 1848) stemmed from the United States’ annexation of Texas in 1845 and from a dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River (Mexican claim) or the Rio Grande (U.S. claim). The war—in which U.S. forces were consistently victorious—resulted in the United States’ acquisition of more than 500,000 square miles (1,300,000 square km) of Mexican territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean
Mexico severed relations with the United States in March 1845, shortly after the U.S. annexation of Texas, partly because of Mexican opposition to the annexation and partly because of the conviction in the North that Texas represented an expansion of slavery. Furthermore, the boundary was in dispute. Mexico claimed that the southern boundary of Texas was the Nueces River, the Texan boundary while under Mexican rule. Americans, as well as the incoming President, claimed that the boundary of Texas was the Rio Grande River. The territory between the two rivers was the subject of angry bickering between the two nations and therefore served as the catalyst for an all-out war.

President Polk's true goal was to acquire the rich ports of California. When his offer to purchase the lands were rejected by Mexican President José Joaquín Herrera, who was aware in advance of the American’s intention of dismembering his country, President Polk ordered Troops under General Zachary Taylor to occupy the disputed area between the Nueces and the Rio Grande. The Mexicans retaliated by attacking U.S troops in the disputed zone.
President Polk's declaration of war sent to Congress for ratification stated that Mexico "invaded our territory, and shed American blood upon the American soil." Therefore, the United States was responding to an attack on American soil, which would be…...

Similar Documents

Mexican War

...Mexico’s War of 1847 was fought for one main reason, for Texas. When Texas gained its independence in 1836, Mexico blames the United States for its loss. The land between the Sabine River and the Rio Grande was under dispute. The biggest problem was bringing slavery into this new land. Ulysses Grant stated “The southern rebellion was largely an outgrowth of the Mexican War”. The war was fought along 3 fronts, Monterrey, Buena Vista, and the beach south of Veracruz. The battle for Monterrey was a very costly struggle marked by bloody streets and a door-to-door struggle to secure the city. The Battle of Buena Vista was fought in a narrow pass between the mountain ranges south of the city of Saltillo. Most of Taylor’s men were volunteers who didn’t think they could win until Santa Anna withdrew his army in the safety of darkness. The third and final front required months of planning and carful coordination. General Scott led 9000 men on the beach in 5 hours without suffering a single casualty. After many close engagements, Scott occupied the Mexican capital in September 1847. After taking control of the Mexican capital the fighting came to an end. Mexico had several disadvantages going into the war. They had been independent only 25 years before the war started and had a long struggle to achieve social, economic, and political stability. The failure to establish a durable political arrangement was the main reason for being instable. The ill-assimilated Indians who inhabited......

Words: 405 - Pages: 2

My Mexican American Heritage

...My Mexican American Heritage Ethnicity is extremely important to my family. I identify most with Mexicans, because I lived with my Grandmother most of my life, and she taught me so much about our ethnicity. I learned about the culture, the food, and the language. I looked up to her for so much, and learned everything I could about our heritage. There were also things I did not learn from her, and lately I have been learning so much about our people. Immigration to the United States started sometime during the 1800s. In 1840, the boundaries of Texas and Mexico were so different from what they are now. During the war from 1846 until 1848, Mexicans fought for the land they claimed as their own. The land from Texas to California was the place they called home and fought so hard to keep this area. After the defeat of Mexico, almost 529, 000 square miles were given to the United States and 75,000 Mexicans became American citizens because of the loss (Schroeder, 2007). Discrimination was also a problem for Mexicans. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed allowing Mexicans the same rights as Anglo American citizens, but never obtained those rights. Their right to vote was taken by giving them a poll tax to pay and literacy tests to show their ability to read English before they could vote. The Mexicans who refused to pay the taxes or take the tests were beaten, killed, and threatened. The U.S. courts also began to take their lands because their deeds written in Spanish......

Words: 848 - Pages: 4

Mexican Americaan War

...THE MEXICAN - AMERICAN WAR 1846-1848 BY: Clarence Pino One of the most interesting movements in history. The Mexican- American provided the United States of America not only with 500,000 plus square miles of land. But impact of our country playing a very important role of shaping it to the most successful economic country today. The Mexican- American War was interesting to me because of all the moving pieces. In Mexico you had the Federalist going against the Consecutives. The whole time this was going on you had the Abolitionist opposing the war, thinking that America wanted Mexico just to add more slave states. At this time the term “MANIFEST DESTINY” was coined . In August 1843 Santa Anna threaten war with America if they were to incorporate Texas into the Union. Herrera (new president of Mexico) didn’t take this stance. With the encouragement from Great Britain President Herrera decided to resolve the issue of Texas with diplomacy rather than war. President Herrera then told America to send an ambassador to negotiate the Settlement of the Texas boundary. America sent Ambassador Slidell to negotiate for Texas, but his intensions involved more than just the State of Texas. When Ambassador Slidell went into Mexico he had every intention to buy California and New Mexico from Mexico. United States made an offer of 25 million dollars for The Rio Grande border in Texas and......

Words: 2102 - Pages: 9

Mexican-American War

...Kristine Sizemore American Intercontinental University Unit 4 Individual Project HIST105 – U.S. History May 26, 2013 Abstract The Mexican-American War, it was a war where the United States cemented itself as a world super power; however, that came at a cost. This paper explores the ups and downs of the Mexican-American War. Mexican Cession: 1848 (Mexican-American War) The Mexican Cession in 1848 or better known as the Mexican-American War was a war where Mexico gave most of their land to America. It was a quest for James L Polk, the president at the time to expand the United States westward toward the Pacific Ocean. Mexico was forced to give approximately one-third of their land away when the United States captured Mexico City. They were given two choices: the first one being lose all of Mexico to the United States because the United States had a much stronger military than Mexico. The second choice being to surrender the part of their land to the United States that the United States wanted. After much deliberation and very heated debates between Mexico and the United States, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in 1848 to finally end the war. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, drafted by Nicholas Trist, stated that the United States was to pay Mexico a sum of $15 million in exchange for Mexican territory, that today are known as Texas, California, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming, and New Mexico. Also, the United States had......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Mexican War

...------------------------------------------------- Mexican-American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo The Mexican-American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoSo far from God, so close to the United States – Old Mexican SayingOn September 14, 1847 the Mexican flag was not flying over the Mexican capital. Instead, Mexico’s neighbor to the north had captured the country. How and why did the United States defeat Mexico in the Mexican-American War? To the victors went what spoils? This essay will answer these questions in a nutshell.Throughout the 19th Century, the United States was increasing in power and population while Mexico was stuck in chronic “political unrest, civil conflicts, depleted treasuries, [and] separatist movements” (Oscar J. Martinez, Troublesome Border [Tucson: the University of Arizona Press, 1988], 51). The U.S. was also heavily influenced by Manifest Destiny—the idea that the U.S. had the natural right to rule North America from coast to coast. Consequently, various presidential administrations in the 1820s and 30s sought to purchase land from Mexico, with no avail.In 1835, Texas battled and gained independence from Mexico; Texas was a sovereign country for the next decade (the Lone Star Republic). In the Treaty of Velasco, the Texas-Mexico border was established along the Rio Grande. Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (pronounced “Santana”) signed the treaty but the problem lied in the fact that the Mexican Congress did not ratify it,......

Words: 716 - Pages: 3

Mexican Drug War

...Just recently On September 30 an American man was shot while jet skiing with his wife on Falcon lake which is located just between US and Mexican waters by a drug cartel, Just after this incident a Mexican investigator who was searching for this man’s body was found beheaded and was delivered to the Mexican military in a suitcase. These are just a few of the known violent acts carried out by drug cartels recently. The Mexican drug war has been going on since 2006 but recently has been given more publicity. What is the history behind the drug war, the drug cartels, and what is the US is doing to protect its citizens from this war. It is important as Americans that we understand what is taking place so close to home and that can one day affect us directly. According to Lee and History Guy Media the Mexican Drug War is an armed conflict between drug cartels and the Mexican Government. A drug cartel is defined as an illicit cartel formed to control the production and distribution of narcotic drugs. The mexican govt has attempted to crack down on different drug organizations by arresting leaders in the drug trade. In the CRS report for congress it states that Mexico is one of the highest producers and smugglers of cocaine, marijuana, and heroine due to its location geographically. Annually they make between 13 to 48 billion dollars from the US drug market. Violence is increasing as years go by with 8,500 lives taken this year alone which brings the total to nearly 30,000 lives......

Words: 617 - Pages: 3

The Us -Mexican War

...The U.S. –Mexican War Article Reviews Chicano Studies 141 Paula Riddell March 22, 2013 This pre-war article talks about the Anglo-Saxon expansion of the west. The U.S. wanted to expand their civilization and fulfill what they saw as their “manifest destiny”(Edmunds). They intended to expand their colonies and settle into unknown territory and bring it to life. There was only one problem. The west already had life and that was the Indians, so they had to move. Was this fair? No but the way they justified their thinking was the Indians had a different way of life and it didn’t fit the mold of the U.S. They thought the Indians were uneducated, unclean, savages who didn’t know how to make the most of the modern civilization. The rest of the unknown territory needed railroads, manufacturing, and agricultural growth. They also thought the Indians would be better off with their own kind and in a place of their own, meaning further west. But the Indians were educated people. They could read and write, some spoke three languages and they were the original expansionists. They helped tame the west and shape it way before the settlers. They were already “farmers and entrepreneurs”(Edmunds). Also, the Indians didn’t believe anyone owned the land, it was for everyone to share. So this land that was founded on the rights of others (U.S.), decided to take their land (the Indians) and basically told them you don’t belong here. This land is ours now. But......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Mexican Wars

...Good vs. Evil By: Maria Domingo 3rd block- Ms. Best Good always seems to overcome the evil in every story, novel, movie etc. In both Beowulf and Star wars there is a hero and a villain. Their stories each have a meaning on what is good and evil, most importantly sacrifices. They fight for what they believe and to save their own people. In Beowulf, King Hrothgar builds a great Mead-hall called Herot, where his people and warriors can celebrate and share stories. Despite their celebrations, Grendel, one of Evil’s sons, terrorizes them and kills them every night he hears them happy and cheerful. One day Beowulf, a Geatish warrior, comes upon Demark to defeat Grendel. He fights him unarmed and defeats him by tearing off the monster’s arm. Grendel is mortally wounded and dies in his swamp. However Grendel’s mother seeks revenge, killing one of Hrothgar’s most trusted advisors. Beowulf still fights back by killing her as well. Years pass and a dragon comes to terrorize Denmark, Beowulf also defeats this monster, but dies in the process. He had given all his strength and courage to save his people. In Star Wars IV, Darth Vader had intercepted Princess Leia’s ship and interrogated the crew and ordering his stormtroopers to search the ship for secret documents he believe is there. Princess Leia gets a message in one of her robots, R2, and lets them escape so someone can get the cry for help. Eventually Luke Skywalker finds R2 and stumbles across a bit of......

Words: 451 - Pages: 2

Mexican American Historiography

...Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States Review: The Third Generation: Reflections on Recent Chicano Historiography Author(s): David G. Gutiérrez Source: Mexican Studies / Estudios Mexicanos, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer, 1989), pp. 281-296 Published by: University of California Press on behalf of the University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States and the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Stable URL: . Accessed: 01/05/2011 16:00 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at . JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non-commercial use. Please contact the publisher regarding any further use of this work. Publisher contact information may be obtained at . . Each copy of any part of a JSTOR transmission must contain the same copyright notice that appears on the screen or printed page of such transmission. JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive....

Words: 6812 - Pages: 28


...The Mexican- American History May 22, 2014 History 1. The first picture caught my eye was Pedro Infante was a famous Mexican actor during the golden age of Mexican cinema. I consider Pedro an important contributor to society because he brought a whole new meaning to the movie making of Mexico Pedro mostly played the role of a Mexican Rancher but worked out for him very well because he soon became one of the best actors of his time along with Jorge Negrete and Maria Felix. 2. María Félix was a Mexican film star whose extraordinary beauty and force of personality made her a living myth to Mexicans and a symbol of glamour and sophistication to fans throughout the world. Her entire period, she reigned as the supreme goddess of Spanish language in cinema. She became so powerful that she exerted great influence over fashion and as actor in Mexico and other few countries. 3. Mexican American joins the military during World War II for a better opportunity for their life. One was to improve their low socioeconomic status as lack of jobs opportunities. Other to improve their education and manhood. The Mexican American saw to enjoy the military was the only alternative opportunity to enjoy the military to be the only way to succeed in life. 4. Guy L. Gaba ldon was important during the World War II he was a Mexican- American soldier served in the Pacific, his main mark was in the battle of Saipan he fought with the Japanese soldier. The knowledge he......

Words: 2123 - Pages: 9

Mexican-American War

...The Mexican-American War Samuel Lebron HIST/110CA June 18, 2015 Dr. J. Randall III Introduction The Mexican-American war according to many has a lot of controversy behind it. Many believe that the war was really initiated and provoked by the United States, and President at the time, James K. Polk. Polk envisioned a much larger America (territory) that would one day reach from the east all the way to the west (Pacific Ocean). Amid the controversy of whether it was Mexico or the United States that started this conflict, one thing is for certain, the end result of this war would help shape the U.S. in more than one ways than one. It is believed by many that newspaper editor John O’ Sullivan came up with the term Manifest Destiny, which really was a time when American families started looking west in search of new lands and opportunity, and while many were motivated by religious beliefs and the movement of the second awakening, thinking they could reach the natives and convert them to Christianity, others were simply motivated by the economic potential (e.g. fur trade) the west had. Unfortunately many Americans, mostly from the south also sought new lands but for the wrong reasons, reasons such as acquiring more lands for the expansion of cotton cultivation, thus also spreading more slavery. One of the main events that lead to the war was the dispute of boundaries between Mexico and the United States and the union of Texas with the U.S. Mexico did......

Words: 1022 - Pages: 5

Mexican American War

...2009 Mexican American War “ As war exist, and, notwithstanding all our efforts to avoid it, exists by the act of Mexico herself, we are called upon by every consideration of duty and patriotism to vindicate with decision the honor, the rights, and the interest of our country.” - Special message of President James Polk asking Congress to declare war with Mexico on May 11, 1846.( Carey 26) Mexico was furious when Texas became part of the United States in 1845. A formal complaint was made by a Mexican ambassador to Washington, D.C. and returned to Mexico city. In turn, the American ambassador withdrew from Mexico. The two nations poised for war.( ---) Trying to avoid any conflict, the United States tried to obtain the territory that now makes up California and New Mexico peacefully. President James Polk sent an envoy to Mexico City of $30 million or more to buy the territory for California and New Mexico. Mexico refused to consider the offer. (-----) By May of 1846, many people in the United States wanted to declare war on Mexico and grab as much territory, but the U.S. Secretaries of state and of war argued that it would be illegal. (-----) They insisted that they would not allow the country to go to war unless Mexico attacked first. (-----) At just that time, President James Polk had already ordered General Zachary Taylor to lead a detachment of American troops into western Texas, between the Nueces and the Rio Grande, to patrol the boarder.(-----) The Mexican......

Words: 1215 - Pages: 5

Mexican Americans

...Mexican Americans Mexican American population has increased dramatically over the years. According to the New York Times, The Mexican population grew fastest from 1990-2000. The head count for Mexican Americans would not be accurate on the United States Census bureau because illegal immigrants not accurately accounted for. When referring to the United States census bureau and monster census the number of Latinos did not represent a large percentage. According to the New York Times Mexican American alone accounted for 60% of the Latino/ Hispanic group. Mexican is the largest Hispanic group In the United States. The percentage of college graduate is significantly lower than other minority group. Many young Mexican American teens are learning the language just as quick as the other minority group. It is far more important for the children of immigrant parents to be proficient in the English language because long term, the later generations linguistic skills are needed to integrated in American society. For many Mexican American second generation, Spanish is still their first language. Therefore, the Bush "No Child Left behind Act" is a very important political step for the Mexican Americans. Mexican Americans are very family oriented, and family is everything to them. (Conover, 1991). Mexican Americans is deeply religious and predominantly Roman Catholics. Many Mexican immigrants arrived to the United States with very little skills. Most of them usually are low income......

Words: 2243 - Pages: 9

Mexican Drug War

...The Mexican drug war is a threat to the United States. Mexican cartels are warring with one another for dominance over smuggling routes along the border. Bordering states are facing a ominous threat of being caught the cross hair of drug violence. Neither the United States nor Mexico authorities have been able to stop the bloodshed and prevent the import of illegal drugs. The outdated drug polices of the United States have failed to successfully stop the usage of illegal substances among its citizens. Mexico is precariously close to being completely paralyzed by the almighty cartels who threaten to create a permanent criminal state. The US government needs to reevaluate its current drug polices and current out dated solution. The United States will not win the drug war. Mexico is a current state of turmoil and bloodshed between authorities and drug cartels. There have been thousands of lives lost over turf battles and control over the lucrative drug routes along the border. The threat is eminent that its only time before blood shed spills over to American Soil. Mexican cartels have shown to be as ruthless as any terrorist organization that currently exists today. The illegal drug trade has turned one time peasants into multi-millionaires. For instance Joaquin “ El Chapo” Guzman leader of the Sinaloa Cartel made Fortune magazine billionaire list .Mexican drug cartels have used traditional business models to increase profits, distribution and supply consumers like a......

Words: 1099 - Pages: 5

Mexican American

...Mexican Americans There are many ethnicity cultures and race in the world. One of such ethnic groups is Hispanics. Hispanics can be identified or categorized in such ethnic groups. Hispanic Americans are Mexican with origin in a country of Latin American and countries in Europe such as Portugal and Spain. Under the Hispanic sub group we do find Mexican American who are Americans with Mexican decent. The median age of Mexican American is 24 years, which makes them the youngest Hispanic groups. In fact, 71 percent of the Mexican- Americans population is under 35. (U.S Bureau of the Census. , March 1989). The average size of the Mexican- American household is at 4.1 persons is the largest among the Hispanic groups. Through the early 1900’s Mexican Americans were mainly in rural and agricultural people, but today 90% of the populations is estimated to live in metropolitan areas. 73% of them lived in California and Texas in the 1980’s. Mexican American are the least well educated group among both major Hispanic groups and among the total U.S population. The dropout rate among Mexican American students is estimated at 40 percent or more. (Valdiveso, 1988). Lack of education probably contributes to the fact that as a group, Mexican Americans have lower status occupations than does the U.S populations as a whole. They concentrate on farm work and service occupations. Lower status jobs translate into lower income and higher poverty rates. The median family income of Mexican......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2