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Mexican Educational War

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Submitted By luismiguelsba1
Words 2127
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Realmente en nuestro país ya es alarmante que nuestras autoridades educativas no hagan nada eficiente al respecto, los modeladores de estrategias educativas pareciera que se están durmiendo en sus laureles, y claro el paquete de los fracasos educativos recae en los docentes, que bien son la carne de cañón de los modelos sexenales que tradicionalmente los gobiernos establecen.

Así bien por déficits de eficiencia y eficacia y desde luego las políticas gubernamentales hablando de “economía política social” claro esta, el problema social en que nos encontramos inmersos igualmente es alarmante, estas políticas que a mi parecer son bastante erróneas, por caer en viles partidocracias han generado un elevado Rezago Educativo, focalizado concretamente en una deserción escolar temprana, en algunos casos sin concluir los estudios de primaria.

Es impresionante que a estas alturas de la modernidad nuestro país se encuentre entre uno de los altos niveles de analfabetismo, esto según fuentes de prensa (periódico Milenio septiembre 2008 INEA), donde establecen que más de 33 millones de mexicanos se encuentran en un rezago educativo, por deserción o bien por analfabetismo, algunos gobiernos de diversas entidades federativas anuncian con bombo y platillo en sus informes de avances o bien logros, que han abatido exitosamente el rezago educativo, pues con esta cifra de 33 millones, yo no entiendo en que país viven la estadística esta más que contundente.

Desalentador es conocer este tipo de información. Y lo es más cuando la educación desde mi concepto, es el eje primordial para que una sociedad progrese, sin embargo, aún hay severos problemas, lo cual trae como consecuencia, mucho, pero mucho en verdad, y no exagero.

Si bien es cierto que una gran diversidad de f[***]actores son detonantes para que este fenómeno de la deserción se presente, como lo son: pobreza, tradiciones culturales, desempleo, desintegración familiar, emigración, narcotráfico, vandalismo, mala administración de los recursos, modas sexenales, etc.…Las autoridades tienen mucho de culpa y quizá es una culpa compartida, ya que en esta labor de la educación yo también formo parte del equipo que imparte una educación escolarizada a la población.

Carencias, hay muchas. El rezago educativo ha crecido en la población, y el sector social se ve afectado en los niños y jóvenes, lo cual quiere decir que se debe replantear una estrategia con la ayuda de nuevas tecnologías y modelos más flexibles.

Por lo anterior tratare en el presente trabajo, expresar a manera de hipótesis lo que para mi serian los enfoques del problema, que a juicio personal se considera son factores sujetos de ser perfectibles y funcionales, con una finalidad de combatir el rezago educativo, enfocando el quehacer pedagógico al desarrollo de las competencia docentes, pretendiendo con esto focalizar al desarrollo de las habilidades que el alumno posee, que le permitirán superar sus hándicaps, aportando una mayor competitividad en su futuro desempeño escolar, favoreciendo y contribuyendo así, al logro o culminación de su educación primaria.

PLANTEAMIENTO

Esta claro que nuestro país padece un rezago educativo de proporciones alarmantes ya que 33 millones de mexicanos se encuentran en el, y los factores que intervienen son en su generalidad factores sociales que en su contexto afectan directa o indirectamente a incrementar esta cifra, “queda claro que son necesidades sociales prioritarias”.

Si conocemos la raíz del problema y se encuentra en una política social (por las necesidades sociales) con severas deficiencias, podríamos establecer hipotéticamente hablando, que un cambio sustancial en las formas democráticas de la política social, vendrían a atacar el problema de raíz, teniendo con esto una estrategia definida y contundente para generar una población atendida realmente en sus necesidades educativas.

Parece fácil a simple vista, pero por desgracia no lo es tanto, hablar de políticas sociales eficientes es una utopia, los intereses por ostentar el poder político, por parte de los organismos políticos, juegan un papel nefasto, al hacer que grupos sociales se disgreguen y se agrupen bajo el cobijo de falsas expectativas de la repartición justa de las riquezas de nuestro país, esto solo viene a afectar a los grupos más vulnerables que claramente es la clase social baja.

Las necesidades sociales básicas para generar una convivencia e interacción con otros, de manera provechosa, constructiva y sana son: Comunicación, contar con elementos para atender a otros, saber enfrentar problemas y resolverlos individualmente y en equipo, desempeñarse adecuadamente en un ambiente democrático y por ultimo valorarse a si mismo. Esto se logra solamente potenciando en el individuo el desarrollo de sus competencias de: razonamiento, reflexión, aprendizaje, que le permitan relacionarse y convivir socialmente.

Claro esta que estas habilidades o competencias las provee o promueve un sistema educativo que atienda las necesidades sociales, y forman parte de una obligación de estado, para generar la convivencia democrática, además que cubra las demandas laborales que cubran la fuerza de trabajo que el país requiere o bien necesita.

La sociedad erróneamente ha pensado que la educación asegura el empleo, esto claramente es un error, en nuestro tiempo el poseer una mayor educación académica no generalmente garantiza un empleo mayor, ni aun así un empleo donde sean explotados los conocimientos adquiridos.

El documento CEPAL – UNESCO (1992) menciona que la educación, tiene como una de sus funciones, es la de formar competitividad económica. Estableciendo también que esta competitividad no solo se da entre individuos sino entre naciones, incrementando la dificultad de la competencia, pero el problema atañe mas a los modelos económicos establecidos por los gobiernos, y en mi percepción nuestro modelo solo favorece a la clase empresarial y no hay un impulso a la clase social que menos tiene.

Esta crisis de inequidad a llevado a generar una desigualdad de valores sociales, se nos ha dicho hasta el cansancio del fomento de valores que vengan a favorecer la unión familiar, la armonía social, el respeto a nosotros mismos, el respeto por lo ajeno aunque lo propio no sea suficiente para atender las necesidades más primordiales, como son, la alimentación, la vivienda, el techo, etc. Los valores tan pregonados por medios de comunicación (Televisa, TV azteca, entre otros), empresarios encumbrados, diputados y cenadores, secretarios, subsecretarios de educación, etc. Son los mismos que algunos de ellos no poseen, al convertirse claramente en funcionarios corruptos, comunicólogos fascistas sin escrúpulos, empresarios que lucran con la desgracias ajena, generando morbo y actitudes lastimeras en la sociedad.

En este mundo, que no hay forma de detener el deterioro ambiental, que progresa por ambiciones desmedidas de poder económico, político y hasta territorial, generados por la famosa globalización, abriendo fronteras pero solamente a la comercialización de productos, impulsando un exacerbado consumismo en las diversas comunidades.

Si bien es cierto que la globalización favorece a los intercambios culturales, de conocimientos, de democracia de una ética universal. También es favorecedor de tendencia preocupantes como: Modelos económicos trasvelados que favorecen a unos cuantos, sociedades de consumo, narcotráfico afectando de manera considerable a los países pobres como productores, generando una perdida de valores sociales, entre países.

Atacar este flagelo de la globalización no es posible, pero si la forma de educar para afrontar esta situación, no es cosa fácil, ya que el hambre no se supera con solo educación, se supera con el poder adquisitivo de la población, y donde no hay una favorable o saludable economía, lo primero que falta son las oportunidades de empleo, y si hay pocas oportunidades la primera que se presente se toma, no importando si los salarios son bajos, ya que lo importante es tener para las necesidades básicas de alimentación de la familia.

Por otro lado la infraestructura educativa, considero que no es el problema, si bien la modernidad exige un mayor equipamiento, no es la solución al problema, el dotar de equipo moderno de computación mantener en optimo las instalaciones del centro escolar, dándole remozamiento permanente, dotando de utilería necesaria para la comodidad de los educandos (si el presupuesto lo permite claro esta), asignación de docentes faltantes (si el techo presupuestal lo contempla) (aunque la mona se vista de seda mona se queda), etc. Todo esto no garantiza el abatimiento del rezago educativo, ya que la resistencia al cambio prevalece en la practica educativa, concretamente en los procesos de enseñanza – aprendizaje.

Luchas sin tregua alguna, del manejo de jugosos recursos económicos, por parte de representaciones sindicales, que de igual manera son factor de deserción de centro escolar, los padres deciden cambios de escuelas de sus hijos por grillas magisteriales, el abandonar las aulas tiempos considerables, afecta de manera irreversible el aprovechamiento y el rendimiento escolar.

Educar para la convivencia social, educar para un consumo inteligente, educar para la creatividad, educar con una identidad nacional, educar en los derechos humanos, educar para el trabajo social colectivo, educar a una sociedad para atacar la corrupción y la criminalidad. Son sueños que bien son planteados en los modelos educativos.

Y digo sueños porque así los concibo en la realidad de nuestro país, al contrario se incrementan los índices delictivos, la corrupción de funcionarios públicos desde altos mandos, mandos medios y mandos menores, prolifera como si fuese la forma más común y conveniente de su atención social, además vanagloriándose de sus carreras encumbradas con grandes vacíos éticos profesionales no importándoles el descaro de sus fechorías, pisoteando y sobajando a subordinados y sacando provecho de logros ajenos (con frases como: son mi personal, somos un equipo de trabajo, se les ha capacitado para eso, etc.)

Sigo pensando que la raíz del problema de la deserción, recae en la falta de oportunidades de empleo, la marginación, la pobreza, la delincuencia, el narcotráfico, la desintegración familiar, etc.

La dificultad para la adquisición de un empleo decoroso para aquellos que han culminado su educación superior, hoy en día es sumamente difícil el poder conseguirlo, nulas oportunidades en el estado de empleos con remuneraciones económicas alentadoras para su desempeño profesional, orillándolos a crear o buscar otras alternativas laborales, que en la mayoría de los casos no hay ninguna relación con la formación académica elegida (doctores trabajando de taxistas, odontólogos trabajando de entrenadores deportivos, deportistas exitoso fungiendo como dirigentes políticos, etc.), podría hacer mención de infinidad de casos, que ejemplificarían perfectamente el concepto al que me refiero, pero considero de mayor importancia, el establecer que la economía de estados pobres, origina una deserción escolar a temprana edad, ya que se piensa como una perdida de tiempo, y es mejor para la convivencia familiar que el adolescente ya empiece a aportar y apoyar a la economía familiar.

Como ya se menciono con anterioridad el fomentar el desarrollo de las competencias educativas en los alumnos, implica de igual manera el buscar la forma para explotar nuestras competencias docentes, tarea no muy sencilla ni simple, ya que se tendrán que cambiar formas y principios éticos y metodológicos buscando una eficiencia en su aplicación.

Se nos menciona en documento analizado en este curso de actualización, que se avecina un nuevo modelo de reforma curricular que vendría a aliviar el flagelo de la deserción escolar, cubriendo las necesidades educativas y sociales, se podrá ver que el enfoque que se pretende es el de favorecer el desarrollo de las competencias vinculadas con las habilidades de la comunicación, pensamiento y de solución de problemas reales, proponiendo trabajo en equipo como estrategia didáctica privilegiada para lograr una enseñanza del trabajo en grupo.

Se nos solicitara contar con un amplio conocimiento de las competencias a adquirir si es que no las tenemos ya; Organizar y animar situaciones de aprendizaje, gestionar la progresión de los aprendizajes, elaborar y hacer evolucionar dispositivos de diferenciación, implicar a los alumnos en sus aprendizajes y en su trabajo, trabajar en equipo, participar en la gestión de la escuela, informar e implicar a los padres, utilizar las nuevas tecnologías, afrontar los deberes y los dilemas éticos de la profesión, organizar la propia formación continua.

Para contar con estas capacidades tenemos que, hacer, saber y conocer los profesores: conocimiento de planes y programas, presentar ideas de forma comprensible, capacidad para discernir sobre los conceptos que son llave para entrar en otros, descubrir los conocimientos previos, detectar diversas modalidades de inteligencias, desarrollo evolutivo y comportamientos propios del desarrollo, capacidad para seleccionar, diseñar y ejemplificar, criterios de evaluación, capacidad para estimular: Un mejor desarrollo social, físico, emocional e intelectual.

Las 10 competencia que se proponen tener presentes, desde mi personal punto de vista se fomentan en la formación docente, además de fortalecerse durante el trabajo cotidiano con el alumnado, si acaso no se poseen en esta profesión de docente, costara un verdadero esfuerzo por desarrollarlas y aplicarlas durante el proceso de enseñanza - aprendizaje, creando retos mayores para el desempeño ético – profesional.

Es importante el desarrollar las capacidades siguientes: capacidad para detectar habilidades competitivas, capacidad para orientar al desarrollo de sus potencialidades, capacidad para comunicar de sus potencialidades, capacidad para relacionarse con otros que beneficien las potencialidades detectadas, capacidad de afrontar el reto de cambio de paradigmas educativos.…...

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