New Case Study

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for

Business Policy and Strategy

(MGT-599)

Dr. M. Shakil Ahmad

THE NATURE OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT

I. WHAT IS STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT?

A. Strategic management can be defined as the art and science of formulating, implementing, and evaluating cross-functional decisions that enable an organization to achieve its objectives. 1. The term strategic management is used synonymously with strategic planning.

2. The purpose of strategic management is to exploit and create new and different opportunities for tomorrow while long-range planning tries to optimize for tomorrow the trends of today. B. Stages of Strategic Management

1. The strategic-management process consists of three stages.

a. Strategy formulation includes developing a vision and mission, identifying an organizations external opportunities and threats, determining internal strengths and weaknesses, establishing long-term objectives, generating alternative strategies, and choosing particular strategies to pursue.

b. Strategy implementation requires a firm to establish annual objectives, devise policies, motivate employees, and allocate resources so that formulated strategies can be executed; strategy implementation includes developing a strategy-supportive culture, creating an effective organizational structure, redirecting marketing efforts, preparing budgets, developing and utilizing information systems, and linking employee compensation to organizational performance. c. Strategy evaluation is the final stage in strategic management. Managers desperately need to know when particular strategies are not working well; strategy evaluation is the primary means for obtaining this information.

2. Three fundamental strategy evaluation activities are provided below:
a. Reviewing external and internal factors that are the bases for current strategies
b.…...

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