Org Hrm

In: Business and Management

Submitted By maths2304
Words 1578
Pages 7
Hva er omgivleser?
Generelt kan vi si at omgivelser er alle forhold utenfor en organisasjon som kan ha en potensiell effekt på organisasjonen. Dette innbefatter for det første aktører som er viktige for Organisasjonen. Men det innefatter også grupper som er eller kan bli potensielle kunder. Dessuten er det en rekke samfunnsmessige forhold som kan påvirke Organisasjonens situasjon, som er vanskelige å identifisere og tolke betydningen av, for eksempel økonomisk og kulturell utvikling og offentlig politikk både lokalt og i form av internasjonale trender.

Figuren viser inndeilig av omgivelser i ulike nivå.

Hvorfor studere omgivelsene?
Avhengighet til andre aktører eller forhold som organisasjonen selv ikke har innflytelse og kontroll over, skaler usikkerthet i organisasjoner. Usikkerhet kan generelt betraktes som manglende evne eller mulighet til å foruti hva som vil hende i fremtiden. Mer presist kan vi si at usikkerhet er forskjellen mellom den informasjonen som trengs for å fatte en beslutning eller utføre en oppgave, og den informasjonen organisasjonen allerede besitter.

Avhengighet som fenomen er intressant i denne sammenhengen, ikke bare fordi den skaper usikkerhet, men fordi den også skaper makt og avmakt i organisasjonens forhold til andre aktører, alt avhengig av hva som kjennetegner avhengigheten.

Klassifisering av omgivelsene i tekniske og institusjonelle omgivelser:
Et viktig teoretisk skille for å forstå hvordan ulike trekk ved omgivelsene kan påvirke organisasjoner, er skillet mellom "tekninske" og "institusjonelle" omgivelser. Med tekniske omgvielser mener vi alle de forhold utenfor en organisasjon som direkte påvirker hvordan organisasjonen løser oppgavene for å realisere sine mål (leverandører, konkurrenter, kunder)

Begrepet institusjonelle omgivelser viser generelt til hva som kjennetegner kulturen i organisasjonens…...

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