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Futurism was a 20th century art movement. The Futurists loved speed, noise, machines, pollution, and cities; they embraced the exciting new world that was then upon them rather than hypocritically enjoying the modern world's comforts while loudly denouncing the forces that made them possible. Fearing and attacking technology has become almost second nature to many people today; the Futurist manifestos show us an alternative philosophy.
The Futurists explored every medium of art, including painting, sculpture, poetry, theatre, music, architecture and even gastronomy. The Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti was the first among them to produce a manifesto of their artistic philosophy in his Manifesto of Futurism (1909), first released in Milan and published in the French paper Le Figaro (February 20). Marinetti summed up the major principles of the Futurists, including a passionate loathing of ideas from the past, especially political and artistic traditions. He and others also espoused a love of speed, technology and violence. The car, the plane, the industrial town were all legendary for the Futurists, because they represented the technological triumph of man over nature.

http://www.huntfor.com/arthistory/C20th/futurism.htm
Futurism came into being with the appearance of a manifesto published by the poet Filippo Marinetti on the front page of the February 20, 1909, issue of Le Figaro. It was the very first manifesto of this kind.

Marinetti summed up the major principles of the Futurists. He and others espoused a love of speed, technology and violence. Futurism was presented as a modernist movement celebrating the technological, future era. The car, the plane, the industrial town were representing the motion in modern life and the technological triumph of man over nature. Some of these ideas, specially the use of modern materials and technique, were taken up later by Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968), the cubist, the constructivist and the dadaist.
Futurism was inspired by the development of Cubism and went beyond its techniques. The Futurist painters made the rhythm of their repetitions of lines. Inspired by some photographic experiments, they were breaking motion into small sequences, and using the wide range of angles within a given time-frame all aimed to incorporate the dimension of time within the picture. Brilliant colors and flowing brush strokes also additionally were creating the illusion of movement. Futurism influenced many other 20th century art movements, including Art Deco, Vorticism, Constructivism and Surrealism.
Futurism was a largely Italian movement, although it also had adherents in other countries, France and most notably Russia. Close to Futurism with its inspirations and motivations was Precisionism, an important development of American Modernism.

Artists
UMBERTO BOCCIONI: * Lived: October 19, 1882 - August 16, 1916 (20th century) * Nationality: Italy * best known paintings is The street enters the house (La Strada Entra Nella Casa) in the Sprengel Museum in Hanover, Germany * Expressed the overarching beliefs of Futurism in his Techincal Manifesto of Futurist Sculpture.

KASIMIR MALEVICH * Lived: February 23, 1878 - May 15, 1935 (19th - 20th century) * Nationality: Russia * In early 1913, he started to become interested in cubo-futurism. Influenced by Larionov's interpretation of futurism he created a number of works that included shapes that appeared to be covered in metal. * In the March of 1914, by invitation of N. K. Kulbin, he exhibited three of his works at the Salon des Independents in Paris.

LIUBOV POPOVA * Lived: April 24, 1889 - May 25, 1924 (20th century) * Nationality: Russia * 1912 Works in Moscow studio known as the Tower with Ivan Aksenov, Vladimir Tatlin. Visits Sergei Shchukin's collection of modern French paintings. * 1912-13 studied art in Paris with Nadezhda Udaltsova. * 1921-24 Popova became active in Constructivist projects: Stage designs; Vsevolod Meierkhold's production of Fernand Crommeldynck's The Magnanamous Cuckold, 1922; Teaching: Spacial Force Constructions were used as the basis of an art teaching theory ; Typography of books, production art and textile design.…...

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