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The Trade-Weighted Effective Exchange Rate Index, a common form of the effective exchange rate index, is a multilateral exchange rate index. It is compiled as a weighted average of exchange rates of home versus foreign currencies, with the weight for eachforeign country equal to its share in trade. Depending on the purpose for which it is used, it can be export-weighted, import-weighted, or total-external trade weighted.
The trade-weighted effective exchange rate index is an economic indicator for comparing the exchange rate of a country against those of their major trading partners. By design, movements in the currencies of those trading partners with a greater share in an economy's exports and imports will have a greater effect on the effective exchange rate. In a multilateral, highly globalized, world, the effective exchange rate index is much more useful than a bilateral exchange rate, such as that between the Australian dollar and the United States dollar, for assessing changes in the competitiveness due to exchange rate movements.

The invisible balance or balance of trade on services is that part of the balance of trade that refers to services and other products that do not result in the transfer of physical objects. Examples include consulting services, shipping services, tourism, and patent license revenues. This figure is usually generated by tertiary industry. The term 'invisible balance' is especially common in the United Kingdom.
For countries that rely on service exports or on tourism, the invisible balance is particularly important. For instance the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia receive significant international income from financial services, while Japan and Germany rely more on exports of manufactured goods.

In 1999 when pak faces crises n the ten year period between 1988 and 1998 Pakistan saw itself governed by seven different political…...

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...handover, low quality, allotment problem etc. That’s why it is very important for the developer company to overcome these problems and make a positive image in the consumer mind. References Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2010), http://www.bbs.gov.bd/RptZillaProfile.aspx, date retrieved on Dec 6, 2011 44 Developing Country Studies ISSN 2224-607X (Paper) ISSN 2225-0565 (Online) Vol 2, No.2, 2012 www.iiste.org CPD (Center for Policy Dialogue) (2003). Strengthening the Role of Private Sector Housing in Bangladesh Economy: The Policy Challenges, Report No. 64, www.cpd-bangladesh.org/publications/dr/DR-64.pdf, date retrieved on Dec 5, 2011 National Housing Authority (2010), http://www.nha.gov.bd/ howpage&pid=19, date retrieved on Nov22, 2011 modules.php?name=Content&pa= National Housing Policy draft (2008). http://www.nha.gov.bd/pdf/national_housing_policy_ %28rough%29.pdf, date retrieved on Nov22, 2011 REHAB (Real Estate & Housing Association of Bangladesh) http://www.rehab-bd.org/about_us.php , date retrieved on Nov22, 2011 REHAB Fair (2011), Chittagong. Fair directory Sarker, M.M.R., Siddiquee, M.M., Rahan, S.F., (2011). Real Estate Financing in Bangladesh: Problems, Programs, and Prospects. http://ssrn.com/abstract=1083322, date retrieved on June 6, 2010 website (2011), Moslehuddin Chowdhury Khaled is from Chittagong, Bangladesh. He is an MPhil/PhD candidate in management department in Chittagong University. The author teaches Management courses in Independent......

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...ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋـل ﺒـﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﻤـﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺎﺕ، ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺘﺭﻜﺔ، ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻤﺜل ﺃﻫﻡ ﺭﻜﺎﺌﺯ ﺍﻟﻭﻴﺏ 0.2 ﻭﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ.‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻫﻭ ﻤﺠﻤﻭﻋﺔ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻁﺒﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻀﻴﺎﺕ ) ‪ (Platforms‬ﻭﻭﺴﺎﺌل ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻬﺩﻑ ﻟﺘﺴﻬﻴل ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻠﻴﺔ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌـﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺒﻨـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺘﻭﻴـﺎﺕ ﻭﻤـﺸﺎﺭﻜﺘﻬﺎ )٤(.‬ ‫‪Kirkpatrick, David," The Face book Effect", the inside story of the Company That Is Connecting‬‬ ‫.‪the World: New Yurok : 2010, Simian 8 Shuster‬‬ ‫-1‬ ‫.1 ‪What is Web 2.0? Design patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of‬‬ ‫.‪Software‬‬ ‫-2‬ ‫‪http //digitalyouth.ischool.berkeley.edu /files /report/digitalyouth- White Paper.pdf, " live‬‬ ‫.18‪with new media, p‬‬ ‫-3‬ ‫.201‪http://www.universalmccann.com/ Asset/Wave_3_20080403093750.pdf, Wave.3,P‬‬ ‫35‬ ‫-4‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻌﺘﻤﺩ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻴﺩ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﻜﺨﻼﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـ ‪ ،RSS‬ﺍﻟﻤﺩﻭﻨــﺎﺕ‬ ‫، ﺍﻟﻭﻴﻜﻲ، ﻤﻨﺼﺎﺕ ﻤـﺸﺎﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟـﺼـﻭﺭ ) ‪ ،( Flickr‬ﻤـﺸـﺎﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻔــﻴﺩﻴﻭ )‪، (You Tube‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻭﺩﻜﺎﺴﺕ، ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺠﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ، ﻋﻼﻤﺎﺕ ﺘـﺩﺍﻭل ﺍﻟــﻤﻭﺍﻗﻊ ، ﺍﻟــ‪ ،Mash- ups‬ﺍﻟﻌـﻭﺍﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺭﺍﻀﻴﺔ، ﺍﻟـﺘﺩﻭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟـﻤﺼﻐﺭ، ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟـﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺨﺭﻯ )1(.‬ ‫ﻜﻤﺎ ﺘﺘﻴﺢ ﻭﺴـﺎﺌﻁ ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴـﺩ ﺇﻤﻜﺎﻨﻴـﺎﺕ ﻫﺎﺌﻠـﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻭﺍﺼـل ﻭﺍﻻﺘـﺼﺎل ﺍﻟﺠﻤـﺎﻫﻴﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺭ ﺫﻜﺭﻩ، ﺃﻨﻨﻲ ﻻﺤﻅﺕ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺍﻟﺨﻠﻁ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻴـﺔ ﺤـﻭل ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ، ﻓﺎﻟﻜﺜﻴﺭ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺤﺜﻴﻥ ﻴﻌﺭﻓﻭﻥ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻨـﻪ ﺍﺴـﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ ﻭﺴـﺎﺌل ﺍﻹﻋـﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﺩﻴﺜﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻬﺎ، ﻭﻫﻡ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﻴﺭﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ﻅﻬﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺀ ﺍﻷﺨﻴـﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺭﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺭﻴﻥ، ﺒﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻴﺩ ) ‪ ،( New Media‬ﺍﻟﺫﻱ......

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