Free Essay

Phi210

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By shuaihan
Words 1489
Pages 6
Discussion Week 11
#1
I found the Nature vs. Nurture topic interesting because I don’t believe the environment makes the person. We are all responsible for the choices we make. We can rise above our environment. In the case of the pedophile it can be nature or nurture. Some people are either not strong enough to rise above their environment or do not wish.
There are people who can’t do any better because they don’t know how and people who can’t do any better because they just don’t want to. I feel nurturing is apparent in the way people treat others, their mannerism and their decisions in life.
I also enjoyed the topic of language less thinking. I do think it is possible to communicate without language.
Consider facial expressions: •Happiness (sincere broad smile, raised cheeks, round eyes) •Anger (lowered eyebrow, tightly pursed lips, and intensive stare) •Surprise (wide open eyes, open mouth, raised eyebrows) •Fear (open mouth, round eyes, pale face) •Disgust (wrinkled nose, raised upper lip, lowered eyelids) •Sadness (lowered corners of mouth, sad eyes)
Touch and Eye Contact are also non-verbal means of communication. We also have to consider cave drawings or hydroliphic's. I feel sign language is also nonverbal even though it is based on verbal language.
Thru this course I have learned to be more aware of my thinking and feelings as well as their connection to each other. Emotions can make our thinking irrational:
Anger – Where anger appears, reason disappears. Anger not only clouds our perception of a situation and our ability to think clearly about it, anger has a severe influence on self-control. Instead of thinking rationally anger makes us strike out, hurt and destroy. The text offers ways to deal with anger. I have applied these to my daily life and they do help: 1. Do not vent – pick a time to talk when both parties are calm. 2. Get advice – don’t make angry decision 3. Become assertive – but do so in a non-aggressive, self-controlled manner. 4. Learn to relax – stress management. 5. Don’t get angry In Chapter 2 (Personal Barriers) we learned about stress. This is something I deal with every day. We also learned to identify stressors and the effects on us cognitively and physically. We also learned to how to manage them, more specifically identifying their source. After we have identified their source we can remove it. If we are unable to remove it, we can at least manage our response to it through relaxation tapes, meditation or exercise. Stress can rapidly remove the B complex vitamins our bodies need so I have added this to my vitamin regime. I’ve also started trying to schedule myself more appropriately. Through this course I have learned that I cannot be all things to all people. It is unattainable and should not be expected by myself or others. In Chapter 3 I finally learned to listen. I thought I was a good listener but I found out I was not an effective listener. We learned reasons to listen: 1. We know more. 2. Our decisions will be based on facts. 3. We will understand the speaker’s values and position better. 4. Our interpersonal skills are better. 5. Our responses carry greater effectiveness. 6. We remember how good it felt when we were listened to and give our speaker the same courtesy. 7. The speaker will in turn speak better. I have always been told that we learn more by listening than we do by speaking. We learned how to be effective listener by: 1. Listening to the speakers tone and the feeling behind their words. 2. Reading the speakers body language. 3. Using our memory. 4. Understanding the speaker’s needs, values, beliefs and goals. 5. Organizing what we have heard. 6. Paraphrasing the speaker’s words out loud. 7. Ask questions. 8. Summarize the others ideas. In Chapter 6 I was particularly struck by the section on writing. I love to write; sometimes it is the most effective way to get my feeling out. This would follow along with the Inspiration Method. I learned that I could artificially arouse these feeling before I start to writing. I also like the Recollection Method of writing. This is when we pick an experience that was emotionally moving and just start writing without worrying about what comes out. I like being able to just let the words flow out as opposed to the last method which is the Conscious Selection Method. In this method you start by picking an emotion, making a list of tangible, seeable words and consciously constricting phrases. In Chapter 11 we learned about persuasion and how to influence others to think, feel or see things the way we do. We can do this through: 1. “Likeability” (we like those who like us). 2. Purpose = If we have a purpose we can direct our persuasion. 3. Proof – (The Rational Appeal) facts, evidence or photos. We need to appear rational. 4. The Emotional Appeal - (The Root Element) our bias, needs and beliefs. When our appeals are stirred by emotion we get a far better response. We also need to know our audience and how much they know. We need to be aware of their needs and values to persuade them. We should follow the persuasive structure which is: 1. Establish credibility. 2. 2. Acknowledge the audiences position. 3. Construct our rational. 4. Transplant the Root Element or Emotional Appeal. 5. Ask for the response or a formal acceptance. I have tried this on friends and the technique works. I can always perfect it more and will continue to polish it.
In closing I have truly enjoyed the class there were some assignments I feel behind on but I have enjoyed interacting with my classmates and enjoyed their viewpoints on the subjects discussed. I have to admit going into this quarter I looked at the cover of the book and as I read the title of the course, “Thinking” I thought “This will be a breeze”. I found out there was a lot I didn’t know.
“Never judge a book by its cover”
#2
You’ve spent a whole quarter learning how to think more critically, and now it is time to reflect back over the course. Please respond to the following:

• Identify two (2) or three (3) key concepts or skills you have learned from this course that you think will be helpful to you in your current or future positions.

1. Fallacies: I learned how to identify a fallacy in a persuasive argument. This argument could be one that I am presenting or one that is being presented to me. I am very guilty of using the fallacy of pride to get someone on my side even though the comments I am making sometimes don’t have anything to do with what is being debated. An example would be when I am trying to coach an employee. I will say to them, “I know you care so much, I know you work so hard to do a great job”. I use this fallacy to get the person on my side and to get them to put less of an argument up against my concerns that I want to coach them on.

2. Language less thinking: I learned it is possible to think and communicate without words. This is accomplished by body language, location, and the situation present. For example, I may ask an employee to come to my office. I have already created tension before a conversation starts by creating a setting that is intimidating to an employee.

3. Self-evaluation of thinking: I learned it is important to be aware of one’s thoughts and the situation present. One must understand and leverage their emotions before speaking. Having verbal or written communication while under duress can cause problems by sending messages that should not be sent.

• Explain why you believe these concepts or skills will be beneficial to you.

I am able to recognize when a fallacy in my argument starts to occur. After completing this class I now understand to not get caught in this mode of thinking that may not be effective and may allow room for dissenting opinions to gain credibility against my views.

As discussed, I will think about my body language and location before having a conversation. In my personal life, if I ask my son to leave the room before talking to my wife, I realize I may be setting her up for a defensive stance. I will wait until my son is already not in hearing before having any tough conversations, such as when he is asleep.

Finally I will be aware of how I am thinking. I will recognize external bias and wait to have a conversation when that bias is neutralized. This is obtained by waiting to cool off or waiting for something that is bothering me emotionally to subside.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Doc, Docx Pdf

...Hunter Taylor Daft Stuart Cullen Pearson Cengage Pearson Pearson Pearson Pearson Pearson Pearson Pearson Pearson Jones & Bartlett Pearson Cengage Wiley Cengage MGT550 MKT100 MKT305 MKT310 MKT312 DuBrin Lamb Babin Berman Clow, Baack Cengage Cengage Cengage Pearson Pearson MKT315 MKT320 MKT327 MKT402 MKT405 MKT405 MKT475 MKT500 MKT505 MKT506 MKT550 PAD500 PAD500 PAD505 PAD515 PAD525 PAD530 Rosenbloom Czinkota Reedy Nagle Manning Moriarty Cravens, Piercy Iacobussi Keegan Belch Zikmund Stillman Denhardt Mikesell Daft Szypszak Nigro Cengage Cengage Cengage Pearson Pearson Pearson McGraw-Hill Cengage Pearson McGraw Hill Cengage Cengage Cengage Cengage Cengage Jones & Bartlett Cengage Free eChapters (FALL 2012) PAD540 PAD599 PHI210 PHI215* POL110 POL300 POL300 POL310 POL350 PSY100 PSY105 PSY110 PSY205 REL212 SCI110 SCI115 SCI200 SEC300 SEC305 SEC315 SEC340 SEC402 SEC402 SEC402 SEC405 SEC420 SEC435 SEC459 SOC100 SOC300 SOC300 SOC400 International Politics: Power and Purpose in Global Affairs 2 nd ed. Managing the Public Sector – 9th ed. Thinking 4th ed. Historical Introduction to Philosophy, 5th 2006 ed. American Government: Brief Edition (9th ed., 2009) IR: The new World of International Relations 8th 10 ed. 21 Debated Issues in World Politics 2nd 04 ed. Introduction to Comparative Politics American Public Policy: An Introduction 10th ed. Human Adjustment 1st 06 ed. Psychology from Science to Practice 2nd 08 ed. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 5th 09 Experiencing the......

Words: 3676 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Terms

...jklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm Assignment 2 Figurative Language vs Literal Language Professor Lang Critical Thinking PHI210 3/12/2013 By: Marquita Reed | Assignment 2: Figurative Language verses Literal Language These are my terms along with the definitions and example of each term. I will be describing the appropriate circumstances for using the example for each term and when it might lead to misunderstanding. * Idiom means a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words or a form of expression natural to a language, person, or group of people. An example of idiom is it runs in the family is shorter and more succinct than saying that a physical or personality trait is fairly common throughout one's extended family and over a number of generations. * (Gail Brenner, Webster's New World......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How a Bachelor Degree Has Changed

...How a Bachelor Degree has Changed Brandon Schaefer Anthony Biduck PHI210 09/10/2012 I have realized from personal experience how important higher education is when it comes to finding a job that pays a good salary. Although a bachelors degree is important, it seems to be declining in value because it has become a commonality in the face of an increasingly competitive job market and a declining economic environment. For most jobs nowadays, a bachelors degree is a basic requirement. As a result, the earners of college degrees must find alternative ways of distinguishing themselves from others who also hold a bachelors degree. Ten years ago, a person with a bachelors degree stood out over their peers who had only obtained high school diplomas. Through surveys, research, and experience I found that this has changed, and a bachelors degree in today’s society is equal to a high school degree ten years ago. Earnings are an indicator of the demand for college graduates because wages tend to increase fastest for workers in greatest demand. It has always been known, that the more credentials that you have, the more likely you are to get hired and paid a higher wage. If this is true, then it is only natural that more people are obtaining their Bachelors degrees each year in order to obtain a better career. If this is the case, the jobs that pay good are increasingly......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Sensory Perception

...Sensory Perceptions Carmenchita McCoy Johnson Strayer University Critical Thinking PHI210 Kerri Flanagan January 22, 2014 Sensory Perceptions Provide at least three (3) reasons for believing in the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information. I believe in the accuracy of some sensory information such as the sensory of touch, which helps me decipher the difference between something that is either too hot or too cold. My sensory of touch signals to me that “fire” is hot. My sensory of sight indicates to me when I visually see “fire” that it is hot. When I see smoke, my thinking pattern indicates to me that something is either on fire or burning which probably could indicate a fire. My sense of smell considering what is burning could alert me that there was a fire in progress. As far as inaccuracy of sensory information that would be my assuming that if I was walking down a street that appeared to be safe because I do not see the threat of a mob gathering or a person standing in the street which I would think cause me harm. However, I could be walking down the same street that appeared to be safe from my visualization not knowing that right around one of the corners there is a person lurking waiting for me to walk by. As I further think in regards to other articles that I have read what I may perceive as explainable to me on certain subjects it does not mean that the next person that is presented with the same thoughts would come to the same conclusion (Gauker, C.......

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Medical Marijuana

...------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Bernard Terry May 10, 2014 PHI210 DR CAPERS DR Capers There has been an ongoing debate about legalizing medical marijuana. Marijuana is a substance dried leaves and flowering pots of the hemp plant that contain THC and is consumed for a number of different reasons .Out of 52 states there are there 21 states that legalize medical marijuana and there are 7 states that are pending .I believe that medical marijuana should be legalize because it is a plant that was grown on this earth. Medical marijuana has its cons when it comes to this debate and some physician, US government and other officials are against the legalization of medical marijuana. Bill Frist, a former US senator stated that” although I understand many believe marijuana is the most effective drug in combating their medical ailment, I would be caution against this assumption due to the lack of consistent repeatable scientific data available to prove marijuana’s medical benefits. Based on current evidence, I believe that marijuana is a dangerous drug and that there are less dangerous medicines offering the same relief from pain and other medical symptoms.” The US government officials John Walters believe that smoked marijuana damages the brain, heart and immune system. It impairs learning and interferes with memory, perception, and judgment. Smoke marijuana contains cancer- causing compounds and has been implicated in high percentage......

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Phi210

...For better comprehension of the topic under discussion, there is a great need to explain what sensory means and what perceptions it has over human life. Sensory comes from a Latin word ‘sentire’ meaning ‘to perceive, feeling.’ This also describes something related to sensation – something that you feel with your physical senses. The physical senses that enable man to perceive things, feel things etc. These sense that enable human being to perceive and feel thing include the eyes, the nose, the tongue, the ears and the body sensation. For example the eyes is used for sight, the nose for smelling things and the ears for sounds. All these sense enriched the brain and link the brain as we think. The three factors that may ensure the accuracy or inaccuracy of sensory information would be limited biologically, we see the superficial; (using the sight for example) can deceive our brain as have been mentioned above limited biologically. Same o the sight example, it would be stated that our sensory of information would be accurate or inaccurate due to corralled by custom, we see the habitual; and lastly blinded by language, we see the general. In further explanation to the mentioned factors, it happens that our sight can deceive us by mere recognition of the appearance of a substance which in reality does not have the real qualities seen in our sight. For instance, the sight used in seeing objects and telling of the nature can observe a nice or decorated cake to be delicious but the......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Decriminalization

...Medical Marijuana ------------------------------------------------- Medical Marijuana Bernard Terry May 10, 2014 PHI210 DR CAPERS DR Capers There has been an ongoing debate about legalizing medical marijuana. Marijuana is a substance dried leaves and flowering pots of the hemp plant that contain THC and is consumed for a number of different reasons .Out of 52 states there are there 21 states that legalize medical marijuana and there are 7 states that are pending .I believe that medical marijuana should be legalize because it is a plant that was grown on this earth. Medical marijuana has its cons when it comes to this debate and some physician, US government and other officials are against the legalization of medical marijuana. Bill Frist, a former US senator stated that” although I understand many believe marijuana is the most effective drug in combating their medical ailment, I would be caution against this assumption due to the lack of consistent repeatable scientific data available to prove marijuana’s medical benefits. Based on current evidence, I believe that marijuana is a dangerous drug and that there are less dangerous medicines offering the same relief from pain and other medical symptoms.” The US government officials John Walters believe that smoked marijuana damages the brain, heart and immune system. It impairs learning and interferes with memory, perception, and judgment. Smoke marijuana contains cancer- causing compounds and has been implicated in high...

Words: 1188 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Phi210

...COURSE DESCRIPTION Develops ability to identify, analyze, and evaluate reasoning in everyday discourse. Examines the elements of good reasoning from both a formal and informal perspective. Introduces some formal techniques of the basic concepts of deductive and inductive reasoning. Promotes reasoning skills through examining arguments from literature, politics, business, and the media. Enables students to identify common fallacies, to reflect on the use of language for the purpose of persuasion, and to think critically about the sources and biases of the vast quantity of information that confronts us in the "Information Age." INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Required Resources Soomo (2013). Critical Thinking. [Webtext]. Asheville, NC: Soomo Publishing. Note: For each week of the course, all of the following materials in the Preparation and Evaluation portions can be accessed through the Webtext link within Blackboard. The Activities portion (discussion question) will not be located in Webtext, but rather in a separate Blackboard link within your shell. Supplemental Resources Critical Thinking Community. (2013). Defining Critical Thinking. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766 Ellerton, P. (2011). Reason to Think. Issues, (95), 33-35. ETS. (2013). Introduction to the Argument Task. Retrieved from http://www.ets.org/gre/revised_general/prepare/analytical_writing/argument/ Holyoak, K., & Morrison, R. G.......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Figurative Language Versus Literal Language

...Figurative Language versus Literal Language By: Angelle Dent PHI210 Professor Carrie Prettiman January 20, 2012 The purpose of this paper is to explore the meaning and functionalities associated with figurative language versus literal language. Traditionally, figurative language, such as metaphors and idioms, have been considered derivatives from and more complex than ostensibly straightforward language. “A contemporary view is that figurative language involves the same kinds of linguistic and pragmatic operations that are used for ordinary, literal language” (Glucksberg, 1975). Figurative language is language that uses words and or expressions with a meaning that is different or a variation from the literal interpretation. Literal language, in comparison, is very direct and straightforward in approach by simply conveying facts. When a writer or author uses literal language, he or she is stating the facts as they are. Figurative language, on the other hand, is very common in poetry and verses and is used in prose and nonfiction writing using creativity and imaginative expression conveyed through personal ideas or opinions. Figurative language is often used as a literary device that many authors use to bring the reader into the actual writing. The language is written in such a way that what is being said or stated is different from the actual literal meaning of the words. Some common types of figurative languages are defined and explained below.......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Divorce Affect the Lives of Children Critical Thinking – PHI210 Dr. ED Yancey Daphney Pratcher Abstract Divorce is a very common word in today's society. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, divorce is the legal dissolution of a marriage or a complete or radical severance of closely connected things (Gottman, J. 1994).). This dissolution of marriage has increased very rapidly in the past fifty years. Throughout this paper I will discuss divorces effects on children. The dissolution of a marriage is a legal act that may not coincide with the emotional tearing asunder. Divorce is typically a painful process for all concerned. While it can take adults time to regain psychological equilibrium, there is debate whether children ever recover a stable perspective. Post-divorce hostility between adults, in addition to directly harming kids, is a sure indicator that the emotional split is incomplete. In the U.S., divorce rates have been rising since the beginning of the 20th century, and especially since the 1970s, when no-fault divorce was instituted. Some experts contend that the easing of divorce laws has helped make marriage stronger by rooting it more deeply in personal choice, although it does little to give people the skills needed to work out the inevitable difficulties that arise in marriage.   Marriage should be honored by all, and the marriage bed kept pure, for God will judge the adulterer and all the......

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Telecommuting: the New Way of Jobs in the Next Ten Years

...Telecommuting: The New Way of Jobs in the Next Ten Years PHI210 – Critical Thinking March 11, 2012 Telecommuting will be the new way that jobs are performed in the next ten years. Telecommuting can be defined as working from a remote location, usually a home office, by electronically linking to a company. Allowing employees the option of telecommuting whether one or more days is an opportunity that most employees would take advantage. The origins of people telecommuting date as far back as the 19th century. The first person known to work from home or at a remote work site was a Boston Bank President. This Bank President was able to work from home by having a phone line strung from his office to his home, three blocks away. Later, in the year 1963, a computer programmer working on the Arpanet Project (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) withdrew from the project to stay at home with his wife who was experiencing a difficult pregnancy. It was another programmer who suggested an additional phone line be installed in the home of the programmer attending to his ill wife so that he could complete his program from there. The practice of working from home was finally given the term name Telecommuting by Jack Nilles, a scientist working on a NASA satellite communications project in Los Angeles, in 1973. The target audience for this argument would be employees currently working both in the office and telecommuting......

Words: 1167 - Pages: 5