In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By MLN123
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When I was growing up, my mother told me the truth that many years ago she wouldn’t give birth to me if she had made her decision. My family back then was not very poor, but my parents already had my older brother and sister. In the late of 1980s, the government in my country advised that every family should only have two children. Parents who had the third child would be fined with higher taxes. Therefore, my father suggested that she should have an abortion because my family couldn’t afford the fine. My life at that time was in great danger. It all depended on my mother’s decision. And she decided to keep me. Abortion has been an intensely debated issue in the United States today. It is very difficult to find someone who doesn't have an opinion about abortion, and probably a strong opinion at that. There are usually two sides of every issue: the pros and cons. There are many opinions on this topic, however, a good place to start is whether or not law has the authority to rule over morality and whether the laws that we have now bring enough attention to the moral value of abortion. Along with these concepts abortion can also be viewed through the eyes of the utilitarian approach to ethics which focuses on both pleasure and pain and the ability to maximize pleasure over pain. On the other hand, Libertarian considers abortion issue is a necessary thing when we need to protect human freedom.
A fundamental utilitarian makes a judgment according to how much general well being and happiness a certain act brings about. According to Jeremy Bentham’s Utility Principle, the morally right thing to do is always whatever brings about the greatest happiness to the greatest number of people. To Bentham, happiness is pleasure. Therefore, under the utilitarian’s point of view, the good side of abortion is to minimize the pain of the child and parents. For example, if the…...

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