Pioneer Petroleum Corporation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sweetyxic
Words 4596
Pages 19
THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT GREENSBORO

Joseph M. Bryan School of Business and Economics

Department of Accounting and Finance
Fall 2008

I. Meeting Time and Place

FIN 625.01, Corporate Strategy and the Finance Function 6:30 pm – 9:20 pm M, Bryan School (Room 204 Bryan Bldg.)[1]

II. Instructor

Daniel T. Winkler Office: 324 Bryan Bldg. Phone: 256-0122 E-mail: dt_winkler@uncg.edu Blackboard: http://blackboard.uncg.edu Office Hours: 5:15 pm – 6:15 pm M, 11:15 am – 12:15 pm W, or by appointment

III. Prerequisites

Prerequisites: MBA 605, 617; Co-requisite is MBA 620

IV. Course Materials

Douglas R. Emery, John D. Finnerty, and John D. Stowe. Corporate Financial Management, 3rd Ed., Prentice Hall Publishing (Pearson), 2007. ISBN: 9780132278720.

Harvard Business Review Cases (HC) purchased and downloaded online at: http://harvardbusinessonline.hbsp.harvard.edu/b02/en/cases/cases_home.jhtml. Case ordering numbers are given in parentheses next to each case in the Tentative Schedule.

HP (Hewlett Packard) 10 B II, 17BII financial calculator or the equivalent.

V. Course Description and Purpose

The UNCG Graduate Bulletin describes MBA 625 as follows:

"Finance in the strategic management process; corporate strategies and shareholder value creation, financing decisions, distribution policy, and long-term investment decisions.”

The learning outcomes from this course are as follows:

1. Recognize the role played by the finance function in developing a global strategic plan. 2. Evaluate the extent to which a firm’s investment, financing, and dividend decisions contribution to creating value for its…...

Similar Documents

Pioneer Petroleum Case Analysis

...operations. Worldwide petroleum demand fell slightly in 2009, primarily due to lower North American and OECD Europe consumption (Figure 26), putting downward pressure on prices and revenues. People downgraded from higher fuel consuming vehicles to more fuel efficient cars. Further, companies reported reduced revenues due to lower product sales, leading to additional downward pressure on their revenues and bottom line. Additional reasons for reduced earnings from both FRS consolidated and FRS unconsolidated operations noted in public statements included foreign currency losses, an absence of trading gains, decreased refining and marketing margins, capital expenditures to produce clean fuels, lower sales, and lower refinery utilization rates. However, the companies also undertook several actions aimed at improving future profitability and increasing ability to process lower-cost crude oil, and divestitures of refinery and other assets. Independent Producers Independent oil and gas producers are those companies that only explore and/or produce crude oil and natural gas.  These companies focus on their core strengths to compete with the major companies.  They may have global operations and can range in size from under 25 to thousands of employees.  The Independent Petroleum Association of America, which represents these companies, has over 8,000 members. Typical independent oil and gas producers are Apache Corporation, Devon Energy Corporation, Pioneer Natural Resources and......

Words: 8994 - Pages: 36

Pionner Petroleum Corporation

...Background: The Pioneer Petroleum Corporation is a hydrocarbons-based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal, and petrochemicals. One of the critical problems confronting management and the board of Pioneer was the determination of a minimum acceptable rate of return on new capital investments. The company's basic capital budgeting approach was to accept all proposed investments with a positive net present value when discounted at the appropriate cost of capital. Further, the company is contemplating using either multiple cutoff rates instead of a single companywide rate to determine the cost of capital for each division. The suggestion was that these multiple cutoff rates would determine the minimum acceptable rate of return on proposed capital investments in each of the main operating areas of the company and would represent the rate charged to each of the various profit centers for capital employed. Issues: Did Pioneer compute WACC correctly and if not what did they do wrong? Compute your own. How should the company determine a minimum rate of return: by (1) a single cutoff rate based on the company's overall WACC or (2) a system of multiple cutoff rates that reflect the risk-profit characteristics of the several businesses? Analysis: Pioneer Petroleum Corporation did not calculate the WACC correctly. Starting with the cost of debt, the formula is Kd = I(1 T) where I is the interest rate and T is the tax rate. The company's tax rate is 34%,......

Words: 1320 - Pages: 6

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Corporation One of the critical problems confronting management and the board of Pioneer Petroleum Corporation was the determination of a minimum acceptable rate of return on new capital investments, The company’s basic capital budgeting approach was to accept all proposed investments with a positive net present value when discounted at the appropriate cost of capital. At issue was how the appropriate discount rate would be determined. The company was weighing two alternative approaches for determining a minimum rate of return: (1) a single cutoff rate based on the company’s overall weighted average cost of capital, and (2) a system of multiple cutoff rates that reflected the risk-profit characteristics of the several business or economic sectors in which the company’s subsidiaries operated. The issue had assumed increased importance because of management’s decision to extend the use of the cutoff rate to the evaluation of existing operations and investments. It was planned to evaluate divisional managers on the basis of their net profits after the deduction of a charge for capital employed by the division. Pioneer Petroleum had been formed in 1924 through the merger of several formerly independent firms operating in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemical fields. Over the next 80 years, the company integrated vertically into exploration and production of crude oil and marketing refined petroleum products, and horizontally into......

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Corporation’s (PPC) has been through a diverse amount of changes throughout the years. They were originally were a merger of several different independent firms operating in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemicals fields. PPC then integrated vertically into exploration and production of crude oil and marketing refined petroleum products, but horizontally into plastics, agricultural chemicals, and real estate development. They decided to restructure the company into a hydrocarbons-based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal, and petrochemicals. They needed to decrease their overall risk and optimize their overall performance and would only be able to by collaboration and coordination among their refining and marketing network divisions. PPC were spending billions of dollars on capital expenditures and were expecting an increase in the next year. These expenditures were allowing for the company to process heavy Alaskan crude oil more efficiently and also provided good returns. In the next five years, the company was going to need to meet new environmental standards, which meant more spending increases. Along with these expenditures and regulations were expected higher growths because now the company truly could utilize and capitalize on their strength. PPC’s management and board are weighing out two alternative approaches in order to determine a minimum rate of return. They had to decide if a single cutoff rate based on the...

Words: 778 - Pages: 4

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Corporation Ryan Rhodes Dr. Bacon February 18, 2009 Table of Contents Introduction Background……………………………………………………………….. Pg. 3 Major Problems……………………………………………………………. Pg. 5 Analysis Alternative Courses of Action………………………………………………Pg. 6 Analysis of Alternatives……………………………………………………. Pg. 6 Conclusion Suggested Course of Action………………………………………………... Pg. 8 Introduction Background Pioneer Petroleum was formed in 1924 with the merger of several formerly independent firms which operated in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemical fields. Through the next sixty years, the company integrated vertically into exploration and production of crude oil and marketing refined petroleum products and horizontally into plastics, agricultural chemicals, and real-estate development. It was restructured in 1985 as a hydrocarbons-based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal and petrochemicals. Pioneer at the time was one of the lowest cost refiners on the West Coast and had an extensive West Coast marketing network. In 1990, total revenue exceeded $15.6 billion and net income was over $1.5 billion. Pioneer was subject to extremely volatile prices in oil. Because of this, the management of Pioneer emphasized the importance of operational and financial flexibility to respond to any price swings. Pioneer spent about $3.1 billion on capital expenditures in 1990, and the forecast for 1991 was approximately $4.5 billion...

Words: 1584 - Pages: 7

Pioneer Petroleum Analysis

...Pioneer Petroleum Analysis Pioneer Petroleum Corporation's (PPC) has been through a diverse amount of changes throughout the years. They were originally were a merger of several different independent firms operating in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemicals fields. PPC then integrated vertically into exploration and production of crude oil and marketing refined petroleum products, but horizontally into plastics, agricultural chemicals, and real estate development. They decided to restructure the company into a hydrocarbons-based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal, and petrochemicals. They needed to decrease their overall risk and optimize their overall performance and would only be able to by collaboration and coordination among their refining and marketing network divisions. PPC were spending billions of dollars on capital expenditures and were expecting an increase in the next year. These expenditures were allowing for the company to process heavy Alaskan crude oil more efficiently and also provided good returns. In the next five years, the company was going to need to meet new environmental standards, which meant more spending increases. Along with these expenditures and regulations were expected higher growths because now the company truly could utilize and capitalize on their strength. PPC's management and board are weighing out two alternative approaches in order to determine a minimum rate of return. They had to decide......

Words: 305 - Pages: 2

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Cases Analysis  The Problem:  Pioneer Petroleum Corporation (PPC) has two major problems that are interfering with the goal of the firm to maximize shareholder wealth. The first is that PPC has been calculating their weighted average cost of capital incorrectly, by incorrectly calculating their after tax cost of debt and their cost of equity. This miscalculation has subjected PPC to more risk and has hurt the company’s ability to make appropriate investment decisions. This has also led PPC to accepting investment decisions that should not have been included within their acceptable range. Second, PPC has been using a single company-wide rate for their multi-divisional company. In either instance the company is not maximizing wealth.  Statement of Facts and Assumptions:  PPC has been calculating their after tax cost of debt using the coupon rate of 12% instead of the actual interest rate which is 8%. Taking the 8% interest rate into account, PPC’s actual cost of capital would be calculated as: [.08(1-.34)]= 5.28%. PPC has simply been using 10% (their equity growth rate) as their cost, but must instead either use the CAPM model to calculate their cost of equity, or the Dividend-growth model. If they use the CAPM model, which is the most accurate, their cost of equity will be: .078+.8(.1625-.078)=14.56%. Or they can use the Dividend-growth model and their cost of equity would be: (2.7/63)+.1=14.29%. Both are acceptable but, because the Dividend-growth......

Words: 670 - Pages: 3

Pioneer Petroleum

...Taylor Anderson INTRODUCTION Background Pioneer Petroleum was founded in 1924, through a merger within industrial, pipeline transportation, and refining fields. PP has evolved over the last 60 years into a company that now also works with agricultural chemicals, plastics, and real estate development concentrating in gas, oil, petrochemicals, and coal. In 1990, PP improved their coker and sulfur recovery facility to make their refining process more efficient and in turn has become one of the lowest cost refiners on the West Coast. Due to the refining process PP’s gasolines are among the most cleanest-burning in the industry. PP’s is also the producer of one-third of the world’s supply of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), which is a chemical used to make cleaner burning gasolines. They also produce one third of the world’s supply of MTBE. Major Issues The major issue that PP is facing right now is that the management board of PP is trying to decide whether to use a single cutoff rate or a system of multiple cutoff rates to determine the minimum acceptable rate of return on new capital investments. As of right now PP is using one single company-wide cutoff rate that is based on their overall weighted cost of capital. The current single rate system that PP is using has increased their overall risk by causing them to choose investment decisions in divisions with higher risk because they exceed the cutoff hurdle, while not investing in lower risk areas because they do......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Pioneer Petroleum

...Cost of Capital _ Pioneer Petroleum Corporation Copyright © 1991 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. Harvard Business School Case 292-011. One of the critical problems confronting management and the board of Pioneer Petroleum Corporation in July 1991 was the determination of a minimum acceptable rate of return on new capital investments. The company's basic capital budgeting approach was to accept all proposed investments with a positive net present value when discounted at the appropriate cost of capital. At issue was how the appropriate discount rate would be determined. The company was weighing two alternative approaches for determining a minimum rate of return: (1) a single cutoff rate based on the company's overall weighted average cost of capital, and (2) a system of multiple cutoff rates that reflected the risk-profit characteristics of the several businesses or economic sectors in which the company's subsidiaries operated. The issue had assumed increased importance because of management's decision to extend the use of the cutoff rate to the evaluation of existing operations and investments. It was planned to evaluate divisional managers on the basis of their net profits after the deduction of a charge for capital employed by the division. Pioneer Petroleum had been formed in 1924 through the merger of several for merely independent firms operating in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemicals fields. Over the next 60......

Words: 2080 - Pages: 9

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum is a multinational corporation that is in position to capitalize on investments all around the World. Within the industry Pioneer’s gasoline are among the cleanest burning fuels. They are better position than most to meet strict environmental guidelines as they currently have clean efficient running plants positioned to capitalize on less polluted products. Also Pioneer Petroleum is heavily involved in exploration and devilment. From 1924 to the present, pioneer has been able to expand both vertically and diversify horizontally. With such resources and capital, the company has to oversee so many opportunities and ventures. Presently the company is at odds over whether they should use a company wide cut off rate based on the overall weighted average cost of capital or if Pioneer should use multiple rates that reflect risk-profit characteristics of the several businesses or economic sectors. At first we must decide if the methodology used in computing the company’s overall weighted average cost of capital is just. Second, we should decide in which terms Pioneer adheres to future investments. Should they adjust discount rates for different divisions and projects and stay away from a universal cutoff rate? Third, the capital budgeting criteria must be set for different projects across Pioneer’s divisions. What distinctions among projects need to be noted and how the standards should be determined are all questions that arise from judging how to proceed......

Words: 1482 - Pages: 6

Pioneer Petroleum

...was listed on the New York Stock Exchange with 7,700 shares closed with a price of $104 per share. On April 18, 1961, it changed its name to Xerox Corporation (Xerox, n.d.). Polaroid Corporation was established by Edwin Land and George Wheelright III in 1937. The technology that they have developed made a wide application. In 1935, American Optical Company got a license to use polarizers for the production of sunglasses (Polaroid, n.d.). Aside from the uses of the technology on the products of war, it was also used to invent instant camera called the Polaroid Land Camera, with film. In 1950-1954, Polaroid sales exceeded $23 million and over 4,000 dealers in the US alone selling Polaroid cameras, films and accessories. A color-photo version of the Polaroid camera was released in 1963 which was called Polacolor (bio., nd.). Problem A. Institutional Should Big City Trust Company invest on Auto-Drive Company’s stock considering the potential growth of the company, to expand its pension fund portfolio? B. Operational Which strategy or model should Big City Trust Company advice Auto-Drive Company in terms of financing its potential growth, especially in sales, of its potential breakthrough product, the auto drive? Corporate Objective As a trust company handling the pension funds of certain corporations, Big City Trust Company would like to ensure the stable growth of its portfolio and funds over a long-term period. This is done through......

Words: 6027 - Pages: 25

Pioneer Petroleum

...Daniel Hughes FINA 450 MID TERM Pioneer Petroleum Corporation Case 2-27-13 Background: Formed in 1924 by a merger of several firms, Pioneer Petroleum Corporation (PPC) is in the business of refining oil, building pipeline transportation and creating industrial fields. Pioneer is currently one of the primary producers of crude oil in the United States and is one of the top producers of Alaska crude oil. PPC is currently the lowest cost refiner on the western side of the globe, and has been expanding capital investments in numerous countries. Pioneer began expanding beyond their current industry into several capital ventures. Some have included vertical investments through the production of crude oil to the marketing of refined petroleum products, and horizontal investment interests into real estate, agricultural chemicals and plastics. However, in 1985 the company was restructured and concentrated on oil, gas, coal and petrochemicals. PPC spends billions in capital expenditures each year and are currently expecting an increase in capital expenditures in the upcoming years. Last year’s (1990) revenues exceeded $15.6 billion with net income over $1.5 billion, and capital expenditures were about $3.1 billion. It is expected that next year’s (1991) will rise to $4.5 billion, with some of these expenditures resulting in more efficient processing of crude oil. Other capital expenditures directly relate to the new standards of government regulations. These capital......

Words: 1208 - Pages: 5

Pioneer Petroleum Corporation (Ppc)

...Company Background Pioneer Petroleum Corporation (PPC) was formed as a result of several independent firms that operate in oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemical field merging together. The company has been through several changes since it was established in 1924 and over the years it became an integrated company with many products and services such as plastics, agriculture chemicals, and real-estate development. In 1985, PPC became a hydro-carbons based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal, and petrochemicals. PPC is also one of the primary producers of Alaskan crude giving it a 60% of their domestic petroleum liquid production. This gives PPC an advantage of being the lowest cost refiners in the West Coast by provide all of Alaskan crude oil, but it also requires a broad marketing network in the West Coast. Therefore, this integration required them to decrease their overall risk and optimize their overall performance through collaboration and coordination. Fact Pattern In 1991, PPC spend about $3.1 billion on capital expenditures and forecasted another capital expenditure of a $4.5 billion in 1991 (an increase from the previous year). However, it was largely due to these expenditures that the company was able to process heavy Alaskan crude oil more efficiently and also get a good return on their investment. For example, the light product yield in their refiners was higher than the industry average. Some of their investments were......

Words: 906 - Pages: 4

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Case Analysis Pioneer Petroleum Cases Analysis The Problem: Pioneer Petroleum Corporation (PPC) has two major problems that are interfering with the goal of the firm to maximize shareholder wealth. The first is that PPC has been calculating their weighted average cost of capital incorrectly, by incorrectly calculating their after tax cost of debt and their cost of equity. This miscalculation has subjected PPC to more risk and has hurt the company’s ability to make appropriate investment decisions. This has also led PPC to accepting investment decisions that should not have been included within their acceptable range. Second, PPC has been using a single company-wide rate for their multi-divisional company. In either instance the company is not maximizing wealth. Statement of Facts and Assumptions: PPC has been calculating their after tax cost of debt using the coupon rate of 12% instead of the actual interest rate which is 8%. Taking the 8% interest rate into account, PPC’s actual cost of capital would be calculated as: [.08(1-.34)]= 5.28%. PPC has simply been using 10% (their equity growth rate) as their cost, but must instead either use the CAPM model to calculate their cost of equity, or the Dividend-growth model. If they use the CAPM model, which is the most accurate, their cost of equity will be: .078+.8(.1625-.078)=14.56%. Or they can use the Dividend-growth model and their cost of equity would be: (2.7/63)+.1=14.29%. Both......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Pioneer Petroleum

...Pioneer Petroleum Corporation's (PPC) has been through a diverse amount of changes throughout the years. They were originally were a merger of several different independent firms operating in the oil refining, pipeline transportation, and industrial chemicals fields. PPC then integrated vertically into exploration and production of crude oil and marketing refined petroleum products, but horizontally into plastics, agricultural chemicals, and real estate development. They decided to restructure the company into a hydrocarbons-based company, concentrating on oil, gas, coal, and petrochemicals. They needed to decrease their overall risk and optimize their overall performance and would only be able to by collaboration and coordination among their refining and marketing network divisions. PPC were spending billions of dollars on capital expenditures and were expecting an increase in the next year. These expenditures were allowing for the company to process heavy Alaskan crude oil more efficiently and also provided good returns. In the next five years, the company was going to need to meet new environmental standards, which meant more spending increases. Along with these expenditures and regulations were expected higher growths because now the company truly could utilize and capitalize on their strength. PPC's management and board are weighing out two alternative approaches in order to determine a minimum rate of return. They had to decide if a single cutoff rate......

Words: 288 - Pages: 2