Politic Usa

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shirinels
Words 3217
Pages 13
Utrikespolitik USA Shirin Magnusson

Monroedoktrinen är en riktlinje för amerikansk utrikespolitik som är formulerad i president James Monroes budskap till kongressen 1823. En befrielsekamp som de spanska kolonierna i Latinamerika inledde cirka 1820 väckte sympati i USA. Det fanns fruktan för att de europeiska makterna i den Heliga alliansen skulle ingripa. Monroe fastslog i sitt budskap för att varje inblandning av en europeisk makt i Nya världens inre inflytande skulle betraktas som en osympatisk handling mot USA. Förpliktelsen ledde till att USA inte skulle ingripa i konflikter mellan europeiska makter.

Trumandoktrinen som gjordes av USA:s president Truman 1947. Budskapet med detta var attt lämna ekonomisk och militär hjälp till Grekland samt Turkiet. Dessa två länder var pressade av sovjetiska påverkning, men bakgrunden till detta var oron inom USA:s regering för sovjetisk tillväxt i Västeuropa. Truman förklarade att USA hade ett ändamål om att hjälpa demokratiska länder att få frihet och oberoende hotades av andra länder eller rörelser. Denna doktrin var riktad mot Sovjetunionen samt den innebar en helt y inriktning av USA:s tradionella utrikespolitik under fredstid. Uppföljningar av doktrinen blev bl.a. Marshallplanen samt Atlantpakten.

Flexible response-doktrinen var en doktrin inom NATO som blev antagen 1967. Budskapet var att skrämma bort Sovjetunionen från militärt angrepp i Europa. De ville skapa ett militärt samt politiskt handlingsutrymme, så att ett krig i Europa inte skulle leda till att de blev kärnvapennivå. Det handlade också om att NATO skulle kunna komma att använda kärnvapen först sedan stegvis höja kärnvapennivån. 1990 erkännande de att kontrinen skulle förändras så att kärnvapnen gav mindre betydelse.

Rooseveltkorollariet blev de fastslaget att USA…...

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