Proposals to Eliminate the Mismatch of Demand and Supply Cultivated Agricultural Products

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PROPOSALS TO ELIMINATE THE MISMATCH OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY CULTIVATED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
1. Sri Lanka’s population is 20.8 Million with a growth rate of 1.0% by year 2011 . The boundary of the island covers 65610 of Square Kilometres. Per Capita GDP was US $ 2836 by year 2011 and was composed with agriculture 11.2%, industry 29.3%, and services 59.5%. Sri Lanka had an agriculture based economy when we liberated from the British rule by 1948. There were two main categories as export and subsistence agriculture. Yet there was a very week relationship in between these categories. 85% of the total population lived in rural areas and they made their living by agriculture related activities. Agriculture was under the private sector by the time we gained freedom. Sustainable agriculture mainly depended on field crops such as rice, millet, sweet potato and maize and export agriculture depended on major plantation crops such as tea, coconut and rubber and on minor export crops such as cinnamon, pepper, cocoa and coffee. These export crops had a contribution of approximately 33% to the gross domestic production of the country. Even though livestock management was a main aspect of Sri Lankan agriculture it was neglected through the last few decades. Fishery was also such neglected field. But according to the national policy of the country it is a positive trend to see that agriculture has given a priority. All the governments established in the country after the liberation implement number of activities for the development of agriculture such as infrastructure, irrigation, agricultural loans, establishment of institutional structure for inputs and extension services. Government tends to decide the seasonal prices, buy and market agricultural commodities. Government also interferes with exporting essential food commodities and their distribution. Local agriculture has moved…...

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