Provisions of Acts

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jrbeers91
Words 659
Pages 3
Facts: Prosecution for acts that affect the environment received little attention until recently. However. as governments have become more concerned with the protection of the quality of water, land, and air, regulations and laws have increased. While laws containing overlapping civil, criminal, and administrative penalty provisions have originated in both the federal and legislatures, the federal government has taken the lead in controlling acts relating to the environment. In fact. in the last 40 years, environmental laws have increased in number, length, and complexity.
1. The Clean Air Act (CAA)
A) The Clean Air Act (CAA) imposes penalties on those who knowingly violate federal or state regulations designed to achieve ambient air quality standards. This is considered a federal enforcement for the fact that air pollution often crossed state lines and pollution would exist in two states at a time. The EPA prescribed national air quality is set for states to follow although the state is free to set stricter guidelines. A violation of the CAA comes when a state source emits more pollution than aloud by regulation.
2. Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
A) The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was designed to regulate levels of harmful contaminants in public water systems and the underground injections of contaminants into ground water that supplies public drinking water. Again the EPA establishes the regulations for the SDWA and failure to comply with the regulations could lead to both civil and criminal penalties. Although the EPA sets the regulation the state may produce their own program of regulations and remain the lead authority in the matter, if the EPA approves such program.
3. Clean Water Act (CWA)
A) The Clean Water Act (CWA) was enacted to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nations waters by minimizing the effects…...

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