Psych 103 Adolescence

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Lifespan Development & Personality: Adolescence (12-18) Phych 103

Development & Personality of Adolescence 12-18 years
Physical Development The term adolescence is commonly used to describe the transition stage between childhood and adulthood, best known as “teen age years” or puberty. An individual typically is considered an adolescent when they start with the onset of puberty. The overall general experience of entering adolescence depends on their gender. Puberty typically begins around 10-13 tears of age, typically girls beginning earlier than the boys and then sharp increases in height and weight that would then precede to sexual maturity (University of Michigan, 2013). Generally African-American boys and girls; more so girls; tend to start puberty and sexual activity at an earlier age than Caucasian boys and girls. On the surface the physical hereditary differences are naked to the eye, however, despite race, the psychological and physical development and influence on an adolescent starts in the womb. The adolescent’s development initially started at conception. Whether the carrier (mother) took care of herself can play a huge part in the physical development of a child (US National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health, 2010).
Another aspect to consider would be the environmental surroundings and influences an adolescent can be affected. For instance; according to Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago (2011); based off of studies conducted by the CDC (2011), the state of Illinois is ranked 4th in the highest obesity rate led by the city of Chicago which shows in the more urban, low-income neighborhoods, percentages of obesity for adolescence as high as 60%! The Children’s hospital actively tries to bring together the various community to educate and help prevent obesity among teen because teens…...

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