Public Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By TIJERETA
Words 648
Pages 3
Disposición general de la ley jones-
Las disposiciones generales del maritime merchant act de 192o sobre el trafico de cabotaje reglamentan el comercio interestatal de mercancías y pasajeros entre estados unidos y sus territorios, excluyendo aquellos territorios del pacífico e islas vírgenes. En especifico se requiere que las mercancías transportadas entre los estados y desde lugares dentro del territorio nacional de los estados unidos sean a través de la marina mercante de estados unidos ;registradas o con franquicias otorgadas por autoridad de E.U.; con tripulación de ciudadanos americanos y por medio de navíos fabricados en esta nación.
3-Exepcione Guam, Samoa-
Samoa, Guam y las islas marianas están exentas de la ley de jones. Ellos argumentan que la ley jones implica una carga contributiva al tener que pagar por los servicios de transportación más caros.
4-exepciones Islas vírgenes-
Para las Islas vírgenes todo el volumen comercial desde y hasta las islas está exento de las leyes de cabotaje por decreto presidencial. Un 70% del producto interno bruto nominal y el empleo dependen del turismo además el intercambio de productos derivados del petróleo entre las islas vírgenes y las refinerías de E.U. entre 1977 y 198 7, se usaron mayormente barcos extranjeros que fue un 60%.
7-Argumentos a favor-
(a) Ayudar a mantener una industria de fabricación de navíos militares sólida en caso de guerras o conflictos. Esa tarea no se puede dejar en manos otros países pues podría redundar en un alto nivel de riesgo frente a un conflicto militar.
(b) Los barcos y otros activos de la marina mercante pueden proveer el respaldo valioso en la fase militar a la marina de guerra en caso que fuera necesario.
(c) La marina mercante extranjera podría no considerar sacrificar sus rutas comerciales en aras
En el aspecto económico se presentan los siguientes argumentos:
(a) la…...

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