Raphael Sanzio

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1. Summary of the Renaissance person’s life
Raffaello Sanzio also well known as Raphael is Italian painter during the Renaissance period and he was born in Urbino, Italy on April 6, 1483 (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). He was the one of the major three leading artists who is Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci during that period. Raphael's father, Giovanni Santi, painter at the court of Federigo Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino, first taught him the elements of art and introduced the boy to humanistic philosophy at the court (Raphael). Raphael also helped his father with the court art (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). A brilliant self-portrait drawing from his teenage years shows his precocious talent. Raphael lost his mother at age of eight and his father remarried, but Raphael lost his father when he was eleven. Raphael, who now has become the orphan, lived with his uncle Bartolomeo, a priest and later he joined the workshop of Perugino (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). Around 1500’s influence of Perugino on Raphael's early work is very clear: "probably no other pupil of genius has ever absorbed so much of his master's teaching as Raphael did", according to Wölfflin (Livingstone). At this period it was almost impossible to distinguish whether it’s work by Perugino or Raphael.
In 1504 Raphael arrived in Florence, it was full of recent innovations of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci Raphael’s Peruginesque style was out dated. Raphael was attracted to Leonardo’s work and his ideas, for 3 years, Raphael adapted and elaborated Leonardo’s ideas of design, modeling, and expressive depth and combined it with his idea (Raphael). But he could not combine the expression of Michelangelo’s idea of combination of the figures, expressions, emotions with unforced balance and harmony (Raphael).
In 1508 Raphael was called to Rome by Pope Julius II by the suggestion of…...

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