Right to Die

In: Other Topics

Submitted By kp971
Words 1029
Pages 5
The Right to Death:
Advocating for the Patient’s Right
Kristine Bisceglia
N176
Saddleback College

The Right to Death:
Advocating for the Patient’s Right As new graduate nurses we are going to be presented with many new challenges while working in the hospital and as we transition into this role of “nurse” instead of “student nurse”, we will be actively learning how to manage our time, our patient load and what it truly means to be an advocate for our patient’s rights. One challenge that we all are going to face for the first time is learning how to accommodate a dying patient and their wishes. The challenge isn’t just about providing care but also how to handle the patient’s family and even our own possible opposing beliefs.
First, we are going to have to understand difference and what our ethical obligations are when we are faced with questions and situations pertaining to end of life decisions. An advance directive allows a competent adult to make the decision about their end of life care and this is acknowledged in a formal document known as a living will. The document will include; an individual the patient has chosen to make decisions for them if they become incompetent or incapacitated to make decisions on their own, stipulations on what is acceptable care and treatments and procedures that are not to be implemented as well as authorization for the patient’s physician to withhold or discontinue certain life-sustaining procedures under specific conditions (Cherry, 2011, p. 179). When the patient is admitted to the hospital they are asked if they have an advance directive and whether or not they wish to be full code or DNR. A DNR is an order written by a physician, it is based on the patient’s wishes during specific medical scenarios on whether or not they want to be resuscitated during a cardiopulmonary arrest. At any point the patient can revoke…...

Similar Documents

Euthanasia - the Right to Die

...Research Paper Final 12/11/2011 Euthanasia: “The Right to Die” The essential right that can assist today to every human being is life, but when turns out to be affected by a few deplorable conditions of health, which they take the one who endures them to meet in a situation in which there turns out to be imprisoned in an intensive care unit, of which it is not known if it will go out, where its existence is in the tightrope, where it can exist an irreversible exit, where the existence will depend in the future of extraordinary means, connected to machines like the artificial respirator, it is necessary to ask if the life is looking after or prolonging the agony that can take us to the death. Below I will discuss the definition of Euthanasia, some aspects to take for a possible approval, and finally i will discuss some of the points in favor and against euthanasia. For all practical purposes i will take as a definition of euthanasia the following: a patient's right to decide on the form and the time of his death., this within a short definition, but you are looking for the sole purpose the rid a person of their intense suffering, a merciless agony they endure as a result of a serious illness and incurable (for example, some types of cancer, or AIDS). The above mentioned illness or the condition must have been diagnosed sufficiently, so that its irreversibility characteristic, it is such, that determines the death as something inevitable. Within the same definition, the...

Words: 2382 - Pages: 10

The Right to Die

...The Right to Die Through the ages, the only facet of life that has maintained its consistency is the fact that everyone and everything dies. Death is an inevitable force that can only be avoided for short amounts of time, as one cannot live forever. In modern times, medicine's main goal and interest is to prolong the lives of those who want to live. What, then, is the fate of those who are stricken with terminal illnesses? What of those who writhe in pain every day and are incapable of performing the most menial tasks for themselves? Along with abortion and gay marriage, euthanasia is at the forefront of the political arena as a hot-button debate topic. The basic issue surrounding the euthanasia debate is whether or not a physician should, or be allowed to, provide assistance in death in the case of a terminal condition to a patient incapable of carrying out the deed him or herself. A terminally ill patient should have the right to choose when and how he or she dies and the topic of euthanasia should be free from social stigma and religious taboos. To some the name Jack Kevorkian conjures up images of a murderous doctor preying on innocent and sickly patients. Known to critics and dissidents as “Dr. Death”, it would seem as if he is guilty of grave offenses against his patients. Contrarily, at the patients' request, Dr. Kevorkian provided over one hundred thirty men and women with painless endings to their lives (Memmott). He is seen as a pioneer, leader, and symbol of the......

Words: 1465 - Pages: 6

Right to Die Canada

...The Right to Die There has been much debate in Canada about whether or not we should have physician assisted suicide. I believe that a person has the right to die with dignity if they are in severe pain and have no hope of recovering. As long as a person is mentally intact, they should be able to make their own decision. But if the person is on life support and there is no brain activity and little or no hope; their family should make the decision. The doctor should consult but does not and should never make the decision. Therefore the doctors will not be called ‘murders’ or ‘inhumane’. When a person is terminally ill, and they're going to die, why make them suffer any longer. With assisted suicide the patient would be able to be surrounded by loved ones and go out the way they want to, not the way they are forced to. I believe a person should be able to choose whether or not they want to continue through the pain or come to terms with the fact they'll die and be ready for it. Why would an animal that is sick and dying get a needle and feel no more pain. But a human who is sick and dying has to die a painful death; suffering from their sickness. The law already permits patients to withhold or withdraw medical treatment even if that increases the chances that the patient will die. I fail to see much difference between physicians not giving patients medicine and physicians assisting suicide. There are various opinions regarding this debate. Most are based on......

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

The Right to Die

...The Right To Die Whenever an animal is suffering, do you let it sit there in agony as each day passes? No. You take it to a vet and give it a shot to put it to sleep. Why would you let an animal endure such pain when you know you can end it easily and painlessly? What if you were that animal? What if you were in so much pain and you wanted that chance to get rid of it all? Wouldn't you want someone to help you and give you that life-changing shot? This can be referred to physician assisted suicide. Physician assisted suicide is when a physician gives a person who is terminally ill a lethal injection to hasten their death by consent of the patient. To many people, this is thought of as morally wrong. Life is beautiful and precious and you should never end it, but to those who can't even control their bodily functions anymore, there is no more life. To those who are terminally ill, to those patients who can no longer live on their own and who suffer every day, what is life to them? Life to them is waking up every morning in pain, taking medicine that is only going to help them temporarily, and watching their family members mourn at their sickness. Would you want to live that life? In this aspect, animals are treated so much better than people. It is alright to put an animal to sleep, but it isn't right to let a patient rest in peace? The main reason why patients ask for physician assisted suicide is to end the torture and the pain of their disease. Why wouldn't you want to...

Words: 1413 - Pages: 6

The Right to Die

...The Right to Die December 23, 2012 The Right to Die Imagine for a minute this scenario: For the last 3 years your Mother’s health has been deteriorating from an incurable disease. She has been in and out of the hospital with no improvement and is now unable to eat, has lost all control of bodily functions, depressed and continually yells out in agony from the pain she is in. She begs you to help her, that she cannot endure this excruciating pain and miserable life any longer. The doctors tell you there is nothing else they can do for her at this time, that you should keep her comfortable and enjoy her while she is here. How would you feel, what would you do? Euthanasia by definition means the act or practice of killing hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy (Merriam-Webster, n.d.). Many people are not familiar with this word, but are familiar with the name Dr. Kevorkian, the doctor who helped terminally ill people end their lives. He believed anti-euthanasia was pro- torture. He was reported as saying “I’m trying to knock the medical profession into accepting its responsibilities, and those responsibilities include assisting their patients with death.” (Schneider, Keith, 2011). He was sentenced to over 60 years for...

Words: 712 - Pages: 3

Right to Die

...that every human being born into this world has a "right to life," then it logically follows that every human being has a right to end their life (or a "right to die"). Because death is a part of life, a person's right to life logically assumes a right to not have that life. Thus, any law upholding a person's right to life has inherent within that same law a person's right to die, otherwise it would not be a right to life in the true sense of the term. But there is a legal battle going on in America right now over whether or not a person has a right to die. Does the government have the right to prolong your life by artificial means whether you desire it or not? With the passing of this law nationwide, you, as the voter will simply be saying, “It is YOUR choice” (Patashnik, 2004) The issue of “Having a Personal Right to Die,” has been long simmered beneath the surface in legal and political circles: under what circumstances do terminally injured and ill Americans have the right to choose to die? The Supreme Court made a definitive statement in the landmark 1990 case Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. of Health that severely injured patients have a constitutional right to refuse medical treatment and die. But the court also ruled that states can require "clear and convincing" evidence of a patient's intent to forgo medical treatment, a rather high evidentiary standard to meet. History The actual word for “having a right to die” is Euthanasia. According to Dictionary.com,......

Words: 4441 - Pages: 18

Right to Die

...Position “THE RIGHT TO DIE” PLAW 235 Will, Trust, & Estates December 9, 2013 Katelyn J. Cash We are all going to come of an age where we face our own mortality. For many this is very scary, and often avoid planning and preparing for their impending death. Everyone has their own views, opinions and preferences as to how they wish their impending death to be handled. There are a variety of legal documents one can execute to assist medical professionals and family in carrying out ones wishes. However, many do not want life prolonging measures utilized at their time of death. A life prolonging procedure is a treatment, procedure, or intervention that uses mechanical or artificial means to restore, sustain, or replace a bodily function that without the person’s life would cease. Susan Herskowitz, Wills, Trusts, and Estate Administration 146 (4th e.d. 2014) This becomes an issue of controversy as many view making these kinds of designations and choosing how you want your life ending time to occur. So many ask do we have a right to die. Should we be allowed to choose our life ending measures? Some would argue no, one does not have the right to choose their life ending measures, while others argue yes, you should as it is your life, and you are the keeper of it. Where this become an issue is when you are facing death, often times you aren’t able to make such decisions, therefore, they are left to that of family and medical professionals. We shall also look at this......

Words: 1673 - Pages: 7

Right to Die

...A controversial topic in the world today is having the right to take ones own life in certain conditions of pain an suffering of unbearable pain or an untreatable illness. The proper term for this act is called Euthanasia, which translates from Greek roots as “good death” (Kastenbaum 267). Having the right to die is a powerful right that if were made legal could create many dark roads, which there would be no turning back on once entered. On the other hand having the right to die when diagnosed with an untreatable illness and given the option to an ideal death as some might put it by passing away under euthanasia. I believe that living in a free society that allows citizens the right to their own death under the right circumstances decided by that one person and their condition that is either physically or mentally daunting. Having other people dictate when this time in life occurs or not occurs to me just does not make sense. Giving the power to someone to decide what is best for them is in all that one persons decision and should not be dictated by anyone else. The right to die first entered America in 1976 in a New Jersey courtroom. Before this the act of taking one’s life by euthanasia was thought only for animals or that of a sinner. During this time in the 1970’s religion had much more of an impact with more followers and believers in the everyday lives of the American people than compared todays society (Gallup). In 1975 Karen Ann Quinlan, 21 collapsed and stopped......

Words: 1989 - Pages: 8

Right to Die

...Right to die and article 21 of constitution of india. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I PROJECT table of contents SerialNo. | TOPIC | PageNo. | 1.2.3.4.5.6.7. | AcknowledgementIntroductionLiterature ReviewSynopsis * Statement of problem * Methodology * Objectives * Hypothesis * Research questions Chapterisation * Chapter 1:Defination of euthanasia and its types. * chapter 2:Voluntary death from religious perspective. * Chapter 3:Position of euthanasia in other countries. * Chapter 4:Arguments in favour of legalizing euthanasia. * Chapter 5:Arguments against legalizing euthanasia.Conclusionbibliography | 6781011-1611121314151718 | INTRODUCTION Part III of Indian Constitution contains a long list of fundamental rights. And one of the major fundamental rights among them is Article 21. This article 21 of our constitution deals with "Protection of Life and Personal Liberty". The Article 21 read as follows: "No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty expect according to procedure established by law." According to this article right to life means the right to lead meaningful, complete and dignified life. The object of the fundamental right under Article 21 is to prevent any restriction by the State to a person upon his personal liberty and deprivation of life except according to procedure established by law. But can The right to life be interpreted to such an extent which leads to its self destruction(right to die) ? This is the......

Words: 4787 - Pages: 20

Right to Die

...her as being in a persistent vegetative state, an ongoing state of severely impaired consciousness in which the patient is incapable of voluntary motion. Terrisfight.org explains that though Terri was able to breathe on her own, a feeding tube was necessary for proper nourishment and hydration. This feeding tube kept her alive in a permanent vegetative state for over fifteen years, and when it was finally removed under the order of Circuit Court Judge, George W. Greer of the Pinellas-Pasco's Sixth Judicial Court, she died a natural death in thirteen days. But why did it take fifteen years for the tube to be removed? Is that really what she wanted? Hopefully, no one in this room will ever have to face the decision of whether it is the right time to let a family member go, but it is not a stretch to think that one day, one of us may. My goal is that by the end of this speech, you will all have an understanding of the controversy that surrounds passive euthanasia, and hopefully will understand my belief in its ethicalness. Transition: Euthanasia is defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as "the act or practice of killing or permitting the death of hopelessly sick or injured individuals (as persons or domestic animals) in a relatively painless way for reasons of mercy."...

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Right to Die

...Most people die in hospitals hooked up to machines which are trying to keep them alive and comfortable. They also have doctors and staff making a fearless effort to save their lives the best and only way they know how. The subject of assisted suicide or self-sacrifice is a very controversial conversation between people today. I support assisted suicide, or dying with dignity, as long as you are of sound mind when you make your decision. I would want my family and friends to remember me happy and healthy instead of in agonizing pain. Every human being has a fundamental right to make decisions involving their own body, including the right to decide that they no longer wish to endure the pain and suffering of a terminal illness. These are the people who are going to die in a limited amount of time, who are suffering greatly either physically, mentally or both, and who are being kept alive not by choice, but because of advanced medical technology. Life isn’t just about breathing; it’s about living. Who wants to live life being a ‘shell’ and not knowing what is going on around them? All persons have a moral right to choose what they will do with their lives as long as they do not inflict harm on others. It includes the right to end one’s life when they choose. For most people, the right to die is a right they can easily exercise. However, there are many people who want to die, but their diseases or handicapped conditions make them unable to end their lives in a dignified......

Words: 406 - Pages: 2

Right to Die

...to many issues and discussions regarding or involving physician assisted suicide as well as euthanasia from many different views and perspectives. Howard Ball is a supporter of physician assisted death in his article “Physician Assisted Death in America: Ethics, Law, and Policy Conflicts”, Ball addresses how the PAD arguments started in America, how views of PAD have changed overtime and what terminally ill patients have to deal with when making end of life decisions. I believe in the opportunity to die with dignity, in having the option to end your life when it is time, and in the comforts of your own home. I believe that in the end, this isn’t about death and when to die, it is all about the option, the opportunity and the choice that one should be given. Most could agree that Dr. Jack Kevorkian may have taken physician assisted suicide too far as Ball confronts how Kevorkian drove door to door and assisted his patients with death, of which not all were going to die from an illness and his patients were not necessarily mental stable. A patient’s mental health must be evaluated when they are making a decision such as PAD, they cannot simply insist on help in ending their suffering. PAD is a process, physicians must follow guidelines. An article in the state of Washington depicts what these guidelines are when a patient is requesting physician assisted suicide, “Physician Aid-in-Dying: Ethical Topic in Medicine” from The University of Washington School of Medicine...

Words: 1413 - Pages: 6

The Right to Die

...Amanda Rougeaux English 2 Professor Campos 1/14/2016 The Right to Die Everyone has the right to control the healthcare they receive, completely and totally. Now, if this statement were really true, should that not also include ones right to choose death over terminal suffering? Although human euthanasia is a tender subject for many people, an assisted dying law would not result in more deaths but is an economically beneficial practice that would create a better quality of life and care for patients, and ultimately will result in fewer people suffering. The opinion about an assisted suicide law is divided into roughly two groups; those who find it unethical and those who argue it would give patients a chance to die with dignity. Although many think that assisted death will start down a slippery slope to a ‘Purge’ like situation. I strongly believe that strict guidelines could prevent such. Through clear strategies and procedures, as a country, we can create a method to allow doctors in assisting terminally ill patients with death. Modern medicine has made leaps and bounds in the recent years past ensuring patients better care and longer lives. Though, in certain situations those longer lives turn into torture. There are two types of human euthanasia, passive and non-aggressive, one of which is already used today. Passive euthanasia is when doctors terminate life-support when a patient is Rougeaux 2 considered brain dead. Although doctors can passively......

Words: 1245 - Pages: 5

Right to Die

...before their marriage Lydia had written an advance directive but he was unable to locate the document. Without knowing her wishes, it became the responsibility of her love ones to make the final decision about continued care or termination. End of the life decisions are never easy for anyone involved. The CEO of the hospital, Felicia Larue, has asked for a briefing on the status of the patient and alternative methods to protect the patient’s rights and minimize the hospital’s explore. When the patient is unable to speak for self, it becomes the responsibility of a surrogate to decide the best interest of the patient. There are two conflicting views that cause major agitation for the hospital and the doctors in charge of the patient’s care. Fact one, the patient is paralyzed and requires the assistance of a mechanical device to breathe and a feeding tube for nourishment. Dr. Pritchard is doubtful about her recovery. Fact two, there is evidence of advance care directive but the actual document is not available for view. To protect the rights of the patient and the hospital, an ethics committee review is needed. The committee will speak with the husband, the mother, and medical staff to determine the best interest of the patient. Because of legal and ethical standards that need to be examined, the committee can be fair impartial. The only issue here is whether to continue or withdraw treatment. The patient is responsive but not truly cognizance. It unsure what decision......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

The Right to Die

...ENC 1102C June 20, 2011 The Right to Die: Physician-Assisted Suicide In cases such as the Death before Dignity Act, lawmakers and citizens are trying to legalize what some would call physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia. Physician-assisted suicide is when a physician provides the means of death for a gravely ill patient but the patient takes the final step ( Dictionary.com, LLC ). According to Dictionary.com, euthanasia is the act of putting to death painlessly or allowing to die as by withholding extreme medical measures, a person or animal suffering from an incurable, especially painful disease or condition. In most cases, the physician would recommend to the family or the patient would ask for him/herself but you have many instances where the physician hastens or rushes the patient to make the decision (Henry). The issue at hand though, is why a person can’t have control over their life and determine when it shall end. If one is mentally competent and have a terminal illness, meaning they have six months or less to live, why can’t one end their life? If all they’re doing is lying in a hospital bed receiving palliative care, eating pills like candy just to try to ease the pain, why can’t one say “okay, enough is enough?” Place yourself in their shoes, imagine if you were diagnosed with lung cancer that metastasized to your brain, or if you no longer had HIV but AIDS, would you want to live through that pain or would you rather ease it all by ending your life? ......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6