Self Managed Learning

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Spirit
Words 11568
Pages 47
THE STUDENT EXPERIENCE OF
SELF MANAGED LEARNING (SML):
EVIDENCE FROM RESEARCH

With Introduction by Dr. Graham Dawes

By Nicola Sankey

March 2008

CONTENTS

1. An introduction to Self Managed Learning (SML) by Dr. Graham Dawes page 3

2. The Student Experience of Self Managed Learning (SML): evidence from research page 10

3. Introduction page 10

4. Research Strategy page 11

5. Empirical Research Evidence page 12

▪ What did the students like about SML? page 12

▪ How was it beneficial to students and what did they learn? page 21

▪ Why might SML work less well? page 31

6. Evaluations and Conclusions page 33

7. Bibliography page 36

AN INTRODUCTION TO SELF MANAGED LEARNING (SML)

Dr Graham Dawes

The Self Managed Learning approach was created by Professor Ian Cunningham in 1978, drawing on his experiences of action learning and independent study and underpinned by Gregory Bateson’s theory of levels of learning (Bateson brought the concept of ‘learning to learn’ to the behavioural sciences).

Self Managed Learning is a structured approach to learning with the following two main elements: the Learning Agreement and the Learning Group.
Learning Agreement. The agreement is between the student, who undertakes to pursue their learning goals, and the learning group, who undertake to support them in this. The Learning Agreement comprises the student’s answers to five questions:
1. Where have I been?
2. Where am I now?
3. Where do I want to get to?
4. How will I get there?
5. How will I know I have arrived?
The five questions provide a robust framework for goal-setting, bringing the student’s attention to past experiences which may be…...

Similar Documents

Self-Paced Learning

...i>clicker Self‐Paced Polling Student Guide  To answer multiple choice (A‐E) questions using the i>clicker2 remote:  1.  Press the orange button  to turn on the i>clicker2  remote.  4.  Press the A‐E buttons to  select your answer for  question 1.     2.   Press the blue  “mode/refresh” button  to ensure that you are in  self‐paced polling mode.  5.  Your answer choice and a  checkmark will appear  on the screen, indicating  that your answer for  question 1 was received.    Recommended: Press  SEND to confirm your  answer choice.  6.  Press the UP button on  the cross navigation to  advance to the next  question.    Continue answering  questions until you reach  the final question and    can’t advance further.    Use the UP and DOWN  buttons to review your  answers. Confirm that  you see a checkmark next  to each answer choice.  You may change or re‐ send your answer at any  time as long as polling is  active.      3.   A large “1” appears with  a cursor around it  indicating the question  number.    The self‐paced polling  symbol appears.          1  i>clicker Self‐Paced Polling Student Guide  To answer numeric and alphanumeric questions using the i>clicker2 remote:  1.  Press the orange button  to turn on the i>clicker2  remote.  4.  Press the RIGHT button  on the cross navigation to  move the cursor off the  question number and  onto the answer‐entry  line of the LCD.    An “A” appears.    5.  Press the UP and DOWN  buttons to change the “A” ......

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Managed Caare

...service users, or the organisation. Finally, promote training and supervision, by being involved in planning and development opportunities to meet the needs of the employees, the organisation and the service users. Transition to managerial roles may be considerable specially if the person has high standards, and leadership and administrative qualities are being evaluated. This may cause the individual to feel stressed and consequently there will be changes in self-esteem. Hopson and Adams (1976) developed a seven stage model of changes in self-esteem, which might explain the processes that the new frontline manager might go through. 1- Immobilisation; 2- Minimisation; 3- Depression; 4- Accepting reality; 5- Testing. Quality originated in the Health and Social care field in the 1980's.This was when the Conservative party were in power. At this time a predominant government aim was to transform the nature of public services. The government wanted to change the way that Health and Social care services were structured, managed and delivered. To achieve their aim quality management was introduced to services, in order to improve them. Quality is a theme which is featured and regarded highly in Health and Social care agencies.Where is it and how do you know this is? Despite its high priority, quality is not straightforward to define. This is shown in a quote by Pattison,1997; Donabedian,1980 who said that quality is 'an elusive concept to define and a mystery to unravel'.......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Managed Care

...In recent years the number of Americans receiving health care services through some sort of managed care organization has increased greatly. It’s important to know the difference between the different plans. An indemnity plan was the first type of health insurance. There is no network of providers, meaning the insured can go to any doctor or hospital and there are no co-pays. As an insured with a $500 deductible, the insured would pay the first $500 of any charges. Then they would go into the coinsurance period where both the insured and the insurance company are paying, i.e. 80/20 for typically $5000 to $10,000, costing them around another $1000 to $2000. After that, the insurance company pays everything up to the limit of the policy. There is always an indemnity plan attached to every POS and PPO plan. The advantage to and indemnity plan is that coverage remains the same for any doctor seen and it is ideal in rural areas where there are limited or no PPO or HMO networks. There are disadvantages of course, like any plan. The cost of and indemnity plan is usually much higher than a PPO plan because cost savings are not negotiated with the providers. A PPO almost always has a deductible, and coinsurance. If you stay within the network, there are also co-pays for certain services where the deductible and coinsurance do not come into play. For example, an office visit might be a $15-$40 co pay without regard to a deductible or coinsurance. For a hospital stay, you would be...

Words: 1371 - Pages: 6

Managed Care

...Managed Care Lucille Purry Economics of Healthcare Faculty Sever South University 10 December 2013 Abstract Managed care, a deliver system for health care intended to reduce the cost of that care. Examples of managed care organizations are HMO, IPA, PPO, POS and PFFS. MCO’s operate through contractual agreements that are set to meet certain standards due to the fact that they don’t have direct control. Managed care provider and hospital reimbursement ranges from fee for service and capitation. Episode-of-care is where providers receive one lump sum for all the services they provide related to a condition or disease, and capitation is where the third party payer reimburses providers a fixed amount for a period. There are many other forms of reimbursement between these two methods and vary depending on service. Risk – based payment applies to both hospitals and providers. With so many choices in health care coverage and means of payments, it becomes necessary to be sure you have a complete understanding of what is expected from you, what is covered and not covered and to be sure any treatment is necessary. Along with managed care, we have to consider how this affects Medicare and Medicaid. These have changed the healthcare system and joined together to better serve the public. Managed care; advantages and disadvantages as well as how it came to be are to follow. Managed Health Care dates as far back as 1910; one example is when the Western Clinic in Tacoma,......

Words: 2209 - Pages: 9

Unit 7 Sandwich Blitz: Self-Managed Teams

...Unit 7 Sandwich Blitz: Self-Managed Teams Jennifer Roache Kaplan University MT 140-06 Unit 7 Sandwich Blitz: Self-Managed-Teams Implementing a self-managed team would be beneficial to Sandwich blitz in numerous ways, and gives Dalman more time to focus on the company. Dalman and Lei should apply short term goals that will lead to long term achievement goals when attempting to incorporate self-managed teams into their company. This should start with the managers and eventually lead to both the managers and supervisors becoming self-managed teams. The first goal toward self-managed teams that Dalman and Lei should implement is forming the location managers into a semiautonomous work group, in charge of production and performing operations at their precise location. Dalman and Lei should provide the location mangers with clear and precise goals to work on. “Self-managed teams can develop quicker or more effective decision-making skills.” (Open University, 2011) The mangers should work as a team to resolve small issues that each are facing amongst themselves, by sharing their strengths and personal experiences on what is and isn’t effective. Self-managed teams can relieve stress for the leader, who is then able to concentrate on other tasks. The team is mutually supportive and members learn from each other instead of approaching the team leader (Dalman) for advice”. (Open University, 2011) By forming the locations managers into a self-managed team capable of resolving......

Words: 476 - Pages: 2

Haier's Self-Managed Teams

...From: Clover Session 1: Focus on Haier’s HR strategy:self-managed teams As the first international brand rooted in China, Haier did an outstanding job. Haier has provided many new ideas in its management, marketing, and customer relation strategies, and Haier still faces challenges in improving its brand name especially in international markets, expanding its market share, and building effective channels in its new markets. However, what I’m pretty interested in is Haier’s HR strategy. Self-managed team is not a new term in organizational behavior, but Haier may be the first company that brings the term to live in China. It is an exciting sign for shifting trends in China. Session 2: Facts in Haier self-managed team implementation Chinese culture of hierarchy influences organizations profoundly, and Haier is absolutely a pioneer that breaks the traditional hierarchy-oriented organizational structure. * Self-managed team structure changes employees’ perception “I am my own CEO, and everything that I do can make a difference to the organization.” Feng Zhao, a leader of Haier’s self-managed team said. This is a valuable change of employee’s perception. Many research shows that employees’ perception can change their behavior, thus greatly influence their performance, which will ultimately make a difference in organizational effectiveness. In traditional Chinese organizations, especially in which hierarchy plays an important role, entry employees find it’s......

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Self-Regulated Learning

...Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a social-cognitive model that conceptualizes effective learning as a cyclical process of evaluating cognitive and motivational processes during academic tasks.” (Ness and Middleton, 2011, p. 268). The three-phase cycle includes planning, performance, and self-evaluation. In SRL, learning is guided by metacognition, strategic action, and motivation to learn. “Self-regulated” describes a process of taking control of and evaluating one’s own learning and behavior. SRL emphasizes autonomy and control by the individual who monitors, directs, and regulates their actions toward goals of information acquisition, expanding knowledge, and self-improvement. Self-regulated learners are aware of their academic strengths and weaknesses, and have a collection of strategies they can apply to help with the day-to-day challenges of academic tasks. Article Overview The article titled, A Framework for Implementing Individualized Self-Regulated Learning Strategies in the Classroom, by Bryan M. Ness and Michael J. Middleton (2011), discussed one model for implementing self-regulated learning strategies. The article highlighted the instructional procedures, contextual application, and measurement of outcomes through the use of a single case study. By determining the SRL needs of the special education student, the special education teacher developed a strategy that would assist the student with the planning and self-evaluation aspects of SRL in the......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Managed Care

...1. Identify 8 managed care contracting terms: a. Administrative services only (ASO): Usually associated with self-funded groups, this is when an insurance company, HMO, or third-party administrator provides claims-processing services, but the employer pays the claim costs. Administrative services usually include billing, enrollment, and coordination of benefits, payment check processing, subrogation, fraud investigation, and network rental. b. Coordination of benefits (COB): Provision regulating payments when a person is covered by more than one healthcare policy. For example, if an employee is covered under a group plan and also under a spouse’s plan, the companies will coordinate payment of benefits so that each company pays the correct portion of the charges and doesn’t reimburse the claimant for more than the cost of the medical care. c. Cost sharing: A broad term representing the ways in which a covered member shares in the cost of healthcare services with the health plan. Examples of this include deductibles, co-payments, and coinsurance. d. Exclusive provider organization (EPO): A term used to describe a health plan that is similar to an HMO in that it provides benefits only if the insured uses the specified network of providers, but is usually offered as an insured or self-funded product. EPOs usually mandates that coverage be channeled through a primary care physician. Also, EPOs is governed by the state’s Department of Insurance, as are......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Aproaches to Self Managed Learning

...Approaches to self managed learning This report will have the information about how self-managed learning can enhance lifelong development by evaluating the approaches to self managed learning, ways in which lifelong learning in personal and professional contexts could be encouraged and the benefits of self managed learning to the individual and organisation. There will be also information about my own current skills and competencies against professional standards and those of organisation objectives. Identifying of my own development needs and what activities are required to meet them. Personal development opportunities I have got in meeting current and future needs. INTRODUCTION Self-managed learning is a way people or individual find different ways in learning things, which could be in the society they are living or at work that is a diversified environment. Self-managed learning also is about setting out the goals for the learning by evaluating the purpose for learning and ways to achieve such goals. People learn new things example the culture of different people, behaviour, personality, perceptions etc. Individual can learn things not only in class but also through friends, news papers etc. Self-managed learning gives people a chance to come up with their own strategy in learning, though sometimes people take a short term in learning something that could be maybe to enable them to pass the exam, or completing a project, it is important for people to acquire such......

Words: 2603 - Pages: 11

C&S Wholesale Grocers: Self-Managed Teams

...C&S Wholesale Grocers: Self-Managed Teams HBS Case Study, 9-404-025 Introduction The case of C&S Wholesale Grocers: Self-Managed Teams is about when and how to make a major organizational change. Rick Cohen, CEO of C&S Wholesale Grocers, has to make a decision in a few days about whether to keep the current organizational structure, which is already stretched to the limit, or to explore an alternate structure, self-managed teams, that could improve workflow and morale. This is a challenging decision since the new structure could help manage the increased workload better during the upcoming holidays but there is some risk that starting a new system could make things worse especially in the short term. If the decision is to go forward with self-managed teams, Cohen wonders whether to launch teams with one shift, to only have experienced people on the teams, and whether the teams should be cross functional. Alternatively, it might be better to wait until the beginning of the next year to begin a full-scale experiment with teams. What could be done to hold it together during the increased workload of the holidays? Diagnosis Rick Cohen is CEO for C&S Wholesale Grocers, a warehousing and distribution company. This is a particularly challenging decision for Cohen because some things are pushing him toward making a change and some common sense and wisdom is holding him back, at least somewhat; he also does not have much time to take some action which is more critical......

Words: 2537 - Pages: 11

Visualizing Interrupts Using Self-Learning Information

...Visualizing Interrupts Using Self-Learning Information Jaqueline Bornay and Andrew F. Acher Abstract the other hand, this method is entirely satisfactory. Thus, we see no reason not to use pseudorandom archetypes to visualize the locationidentity split. This work presents two advances above related work. For starters, we better understand how symmetric encryption can be applied to the investigation of access points. Continuing with this rationale, we validate that the much-touted certifiable algorithm for the improvement of expert systems by Richard Hamming [9] is Turing complete. The roadmap of the paper is as follows. We motivate the need for Smalltalk. Similarly, we place our work in context with the previous work in this area. We place our work in context with the existing work in this area. Finally, we conclude. The implications of empathic configurations have been far-reaching and pervasive. In fact, few analysts would disagree with the study of Scheme. Our focus in this work is not on whether neural networks and IPv7 are often incompatible, but rather on exploring a novel heuristic for the deployment of thin clients (Caffila). 1 Introduction Futurists agree that mobile methodologies are an interesting new topic in the field of complexity theory, and security experts concur. The lack of influence on cyberinformatics of this discussion has been well-received. The notion that hackers worldwide interfere with IPv6 is largely considered......

Words: 2958 - Pages: 12

Self-Discipline in Online Learning

...Anderson February 20, 2015 Self-Discipline in Online Learning Clint Eastwood once said, “Respect your efforts, respect yourself. Self-respect leads to self-discipline. When you have both firmly under your belt, that's real power”. In the world of technology it can be easy for one to become lazy. Our devices are setup to remind us about our tasks. They guide us to where we need to go and they hold so much of our information in them that many are reliant on them. With the bad comes good though as technology has afforded us many opportunities for growth both personally and professionally. This is evident in the world of online education. For online students, practicing self-discipline is imperative because it is necessary for a successful education and self-discipline helps you stay goal-oriented. In this paper, I will review for you what the article I read says about self-discipline as well as self-regulation, how that affects the online learner, and keys to success in the online learning world. Studies have shown that students who self-regulate and use self-discipline reach higher academic achievement. One particular article compares self-regulation and self-discipline. The article states, “An array of measures of SR (self-regulation) and SD (self-discipline) were gathered from high school students and were transformed into separate composite measures.” The study found that they were also able to predict the grades of these students, which tells me that self-discipline......

Words: 731 - Pages: 3

Managed Care

...Managed care has had a significant event that has affected health care today. According to Mirriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of managed care "is a system of health care that controls costs by placing limits on physicians' fees and by restricting the patient's choice of physician". Simply stated, managed care provides benefits to those who cannot afford the expenses of an insurance plan. Managed health care is considered to be a process by which medical benefits are monitored for the purpose of cost management, which results in the ability to limit the access to health care benefits and coverages. The health care system in the United States is an emerging system that is constantly being transformed. Our current health care system today is very different from what was established in the past years. These changes are a reflection of what the patient's want, which was to move from an indemnity plan to a managed health care system. There are various reasons for the changes within the system, but primarily due to economic realities. The cost of healthcare is constantly increasing and has grown faster than any other economic sector. Population growth, increased pharmaceutical necessity and health cost increases are just a few key factors that are the driving force of such rapid growth. HMO, Health Maintenance Organizations, are defined as "a prepaid health maintenance organization that delivers care to its members via designated physicians and requiring......

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Managerial Economics - What Is a Team- What Are Its Types. Would You Like to Work in a Self or Managed Team- Explain

...50) Attempt any five questions – 1. Define organizational behaviour & its importance. Discuss how other science contributes to the study of organizational behavior. 2. Explain Mc-Gregor’s theory X & theory Y? 3. What is personality- What are its determinates - Which of them, you feel, are more important in shaping personality. 4. What is stress- Explain various levels of stressors. List of the stress coping strategies at various levels. Who should be responsible for dealing with the stress – individual or the group? 5. Explain the nature of group and various types of group. Why it is important for mangers to be familiar with the concepts of group 6. What is a team- What are its types. Would you like to work in a self or Managed team- Explain. 7. Explain the styles of leadership. Explain the traits of effective leader. Need Answer Sheet of this Question paper, contact aravind.banakar@gmail.com www.mbacasestudyanswers.com ARAVIND – 09901366442 – 09902787224...

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

C&S Grocers: Self Managed Teams

...C&S GROCERS: SELF MANAGED TEAMS In 1918, Israel Cohen and Abraham Siegel bought a small brick warehouse and began making grocery deliveries to stores in Worcester, Massachusetts. Cohen & Siegel had worked together for several years for other grocery wholesalers. They named their fledgling enterprise “C&S,” and worked hard to build a base of loyal, satisfied customers. The company started in a 5,000 square foot, three story warehouse with three warehouse workers. C&S purchased and received goods from a myriad of manufactures, stored the goods in their warehouse and then sold and distributed the goods to area retailers in an ongoing process. They handled over 1,200 grocery products. The warehouse covered approximately 400,000 square feet of land and could be as tall as 40 feet in height. Inside the warehouse there are rows of steel shelving. Products were stored on shelves and organized by items. In 1929, Worcester’s Blackstone River flooded the C&S warehouse, destroying its entire inventory. Despite the devastation of the flood C&S packed up and moved to a new location on higher grounds. The new facility was twice the size of Worcester. Rick Cohen became president and CEO of C&S Wholesale Grocers in 1987 after his father Lester Cohen retired. Cohen is trying to decide whether and how to implement the self-managed team’s concept in his warehouse. In 1988 C&S had begun to act as principal wholesaler to A&P throughout New England, a decision that was consistent with the......

Words: 429 - Pages: 2