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Serology

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Discuss the major uses for serology in the criminal justice system. Explain whether or not serology is an evolving science or are blood sample science a “settled” area of investigation and evidentiary law?
The term “serology” is commonly used to refer to two things. It is a branch of science that deals with serums, especially bold serums; and the term is also used to refer to serological testing. Serology is used for health care and in criminal investigations.
Serology is often defined as the study of blood serum. Blood serum is the clear portion of blood that can be found in a vial if blood is left standing long enough to separate. Serology science is often used for health care purposes (Saferstein, 2011).
The major use of serology in the criminal justice system is to analyze the properties and the effect of serums such as blood, semen, saliva, sweat, and fecal matter. Serology is used to determine the type and characteristics of blood, blood testing, bloodstain examination, and preparation of testimony or presentations at trials. Serology is also used to help prosecute criminals.
Serology is an evolving science, it is not only used in the criminal justice system, but it is used in the health care system to test for medical conditions such as syphilis, HIV, and viral arthritis. It can also be used to determine blood types (www.nlada.org).
Saferstein, R. (2011) Criminalistics: an introduction to forensics science, (10th ed.) Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey
Forensic Serology retrieved, December 11, 2012 from http://www.nlada.org/forensics/for_lib/Documents/1124741447.71/4251ect13.htm…...

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