Smart Grid

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Submitted By joeshualee
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Here is the summary on the talk “The Smart Grid Addresses the Grid Integration Challenges of Distributed Generation" by Saifur Rahman, PhD Virginia Tech, USA. In the talk, he explained on how the smart grid can make a difference by providing two way interaction by exchanging data between stations to enable effective integration of new sustainable energy source. The aim is to provide a smarter, safer, reliable and more cost effective grid system using communication technologies, therefore opening up carrier opportunities for IT graduates. The smart grid can help improve service provider in the sense that it helps improve customer management and billing. It also provides peak load reduction.
He explained different types of power generation source such as solar voltaic, solar thermal, hydropower, geothermal, current and wave power that can be used with the smart grid. He explained the pros and cons of these entire power generation sources. Among some problems that have to be taken into consideration is the demand, space, how much land it will take to build a power station, cost, the amount of power generated, how it will affect the landscape and the environment, should it be done in a large scale or a small scale and much more. Another problem is that renewable energy are not always usable, for example solar energy which only generates energy when there is sunlight and wind turbine which provides energy only when there is wind. These energy sources are intermittent. It has been suggested that they should be stored in batteries, pump storage hydro, compressed air energy storage (CAES) or any other storage systems.
He also stated a few non-traditional players in the smart grid introduction. Such bodies are CISCO, GE, IBM and Siemens. Though technology plays an important part in the development of the smart grid, he also emphasis more on consumer awareness and education…...

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