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Soco 110 Kravetz Study Guide 1

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Structural Functionalist
Instruction – What parents can’t teach Socialization- Forcing us to accept to the values and norms of society.Obedience- In a classroom where obedience is emphasized, students will learn quickly that pleasing the teacher and remaining quiet are rewarded over creative thinking. Patriotism- The pledge of Allegiance Indoctrination into Meritocracy- Rewards for good behavior/being better than others Sorting- sorts students according to ability/hardwork Some principles of Stratification- The main function of stratification is “placing and motivating individuals in the social structure.” Each society must (a) place individuals in social positions and (b) motivate them to work. Some positions are more functionally important than others and/or require more training or talent than others. Societies place appropriate (i.e., skilled and trained) people in these positions and motivate them to work by connecting these positions to better rewards. Thus, the resulting stratification system is functional for society Moral Education- According to Durkheim, morality is composed of three elements: discipline, attachment, and autonomy. Discipline constrains egoistic impulses; attachment is the voluntary willingness to be committed to groups; and autonomy is individual responsibility. Education provides children with these three moral tools needed to function in society. Poverty of Mind- Black kids that’s about it
Conflict Theory
Reproduction of Social Class- Students are taught to value capitalism and the state but this is not in their best interest, in fact it predestines to reproduce race and class inequalities. Myth of Meritocracy- Rewards for good behavior Structural Inequalities- “Schooling in Capitalist America- Schooling in Capitalist America by Bowles and Gintis: corresponding relations between school and work Schooling reproduces work relations…...

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