State Reorganization

In: Social Issues

Submitted By aishwarya1993
Words 3312
Pages 14
“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.

A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new,

when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance…”1

When the First Prime Minister of India, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, gave his speech, he must have

been prepared with the various post-independence hurdles, the infant democracy would have

to undergo. Certainly, India, exemplifies the phrase, ‘Unity in Diversity.’ It is thus, astonishing

to see a country with innumerable divisions and differences, managed to stay united for the 65

years of independence it has seen. Post independence the main motive of the Indian Government

was to ensure that the Indo-Pak partition incident isn’t repeated.2

as many as 136 small and large states were acceded to the Indian Union. The states were

reintegrated soon to form the Union. However, people in various states have been from the time

of independence, till date, extremely vocal of territorial autonomy and political independence.

One such demand relates to the demand of ‘Reorganization of states’3

ethnic differences, and economical differences.

This movement, thus led to what we see today, ‘The Union of India’, with 28 states and 7 Union


On the eve of independence

on the basis of language,

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s speech, at the time of Independence, 15th


2Majeed A. (The Changing Politics of States' Reorganization). 2003 Publius Vol. 33, No. 4, Emerging Federal

Process in India (Autumn, 2003) (pp. 83-98)

The Seventh Amendment to the Constitution, 1956, which bought about changes in- Articles 1, 49, 80, 81, 82,


131, 153, 158, 168, 170, 171, 216, 217, 220, 222, 224, 230, 231 and 232.

Inserted articles 258A,…...

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