Technology Used by Medical Scientist

In: Science

Submitted By marge123
Words 2393
Pages 10
10 Technology used by Medical Technologist
1.
Description:
A centrifuge is a piece of equipment that puts an object in rotation around a fixed axis (spins it in a circle), applying a potentially strong force perpendicular to the axis of spin (outward). The centrifuge works using the sedimentation principle, where the centripetal acceleration causes denser substances and particles to move outward in the radial direction. At the same time, objects that are less dense are displaced and move to the center. In a laboratory centrifuge that uses sample tubes, the radial acceleration causes denser particles to settle to the bottom of the tube, while low-density substances rise to the top.[1]
There are 3 types of centrifuge designed for different applications. Industrial scale centrifuges are commonly used in manufacturing and waste processing to sediment suspended solids, or to separate immiscible liquids. An example is the cream separator found in dairies. Very high speed centrifuges and ultracentrifuges able to provide very high accelerations can separate fine particles down to the nano-scale, and molecules of different masses.
Large centrifuges are used to simulate high gravity or acceleration environments (for example, high-G training for test pilots). Medium-sized centrifuges are used in washing machines and at some swimming pools to wring water out of fabrics.
Gas centrifuges are used for isotope separation, such as to enrich nuclear fuelfor fissile isotopes.
From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifuge
Advantages
• can get small particles out of a solution as long as they are not dissociated.
Disadvantage
• cannot seperate things that have been dissociated, and the fact that you have to know how fast to centrifuge things and how long it will take to get things into the pellet. Centrifuges usually are not used to seperate solids, and I'm fairly sure its…...

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