The Influence of Chinese Capital Flows on Zambia

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mrubenderoos
Words 1270
Pages 6
Rens Boing
Roy van der Meij
Ruben de Roos
De invloed van Chinese kapitaalstromen op Zambia “We like Chinese investment because we have one meeting, we discuss what they want to do, and then they just do it. There are no benchmarks and preconditions”
Sahr Johnny, Sierra Leone’s ambassador in Beijing (Hilsum, New Statesman, 2005)
Chinese handel en investeringen in Sub-Saharisch Afrika zijn drastisch gegroeid in de afgelopen tien jaar(zie tabel 2). De handel is gestegen naar meer dan zestig miljard dollar en investeringen zijn meer dan vertienvoudigd (Zafar, 2007: 116, 123-125). De samenwerking met China blijkt voor veel landen beter te zijn voor de ontwikkeling van de nationale economie dan eerdere voorwaardelijke leningen van de IMF. Deze optiek wordt ook wel de Beijing Consensus genoemd, een school van ontwikkelingsdenken die haaks tegenover de neoliberale Washington Consensus staat (Ramo, 2004). In dit essay wordt onderzocht of Chinese investeringen tot sustainable growth kunnen leiden.
De Beijing Consensus is een reactie op de Washington Consensus. Deze doctrine stelde specifieke beleidsmaatregelen aan ontwikkelingslanden om tot economische groei te komen. Voorop staan de vrijstelling van de markt en het terugdringen van de staat, zoals bijvoorbeeld door privatisering (Williamson, 1990). De explosieve groei van China, die deze weg absoluut niet bewandelde, en het averechtse effect dat de Washington Consensus had op verscheidene landen, leidde Joshua Ramo tot het schrijven van de Beijing Consensus (Ramo, 2004). De Beijing Consensus concentreert zich op investeringen in infrastructuur, in plaats van conditionele leningen. Waar de Washington Consensus een bepaalde binnenlandse politiek voorstelt, houdt men zich afzijdig van politiek in de Beijing Consensus.
In dit essay zal Zambia als case dienen. Daar heeft een programma van het IMF in de…...

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