The Multi-Store Memory Model

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By enyywealth1
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Outline and evaluate the multi store memory model of memory
The multi-store model of memory as proposed by Atkinson and shiffrin states that memory has 3 stores (sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory) and 2 processes (attention and rehearsal).
Information enters the sensory memory through our senses according to the environmental stimuli. This information is register for a brief second and then decays unless we pass attention to it and when we do it moves to the short term memory. The sensory memory has a high capacity, short duration and it sensory buffers.
The short term memory contains small amount of information. According to the digit span test by miller capacity is just 7+/-2 (limited). At this stage information is encodes acoustically through sound, memory traces are fragile with duration of 18-20 secs.
Maintenance rehearsal (by repetition) within the short term memory allows information to be refreshed and recycled for us to be able to use it.
This Information is then passed through elaborative rehearsal (by meaning) to the long term memory. The capacity for the LTM is unlimited, it encodes information semantically and duration lasts from an hour to a lifetime.
The multi store memory has three features: It has 3 unitary stores, it is simplistic & well-structured and it moves in a linear.
Evaluation
There is support from neurological case studies. Since the MSM claims that the STM and LTM are in two separate stores evidence can be found in the case studies of Clive wearing. He suffered damage to his hippocampus following a viral infection which meant that information could not be sent from his STM to LTM and he could no longer retain information since his illness. Neurological case studies clearly shows that the STM and LTM are in 2 separate stores as described by the MSM. However we should be cautious when using evidence form…...

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