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Theory of Motivation in Teaching

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Submitted By spyderjerusalem
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INTRODUCTION: ACHIEVEMENT GOAL THEORY OF MOTIVATION
The achievement goal theory is an essential theoretical approach towards understanding the relation between motivation and achievements of students. The approach of motivating students and the goals set for them to achieve are the two most important parameters of this theory. By achievement goals, the idea is to signify the objectives with which students undertake learning activities and the relation of these activities with the engagement behaviour (Ames, 1992). Achievement goals determine how students engage, learn, and perform in achievement based learning activities.
There are two categories of achievement goals described in literature: mastery goals and performance goals (Xiang and Lee, 2002). While mastery goals are directed at creating a competitive environment through improvements in learning experience and skill level of students; performance goals, on the other hand, are meant to classify superiority based on the performance of students in a given achievement-based activity. In addition, while mastery goals explain the motivation with which students adapt to achievements, for example hard work and effort-based success; performance goals, on the other hand, are related to activities for which students are less motivated for adaptation, for example avoiding difficult activities and relating performance outcomes with personal abilities.
MOTIVATIONAL APPROACH: MASTERY GOALS VS. PERFORMANCE GOALS
Some teachers are of the opinion that motivation of students towards learning and education is something that cannot be changed, i.e., depending on their perception of learning and educational circumstances, students either come to class motivated or unmotivated (Bong, 2004). However, it has been established through research that teachers have a very important role to play in motivating students towards…...

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