Things Fall Apart

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1. Get out of a mental rut, think new thoughts, acquire

new visions, discover new ambitions.
2. Make friends quickly and easily.
3. Increase your popularity.
4. Win people to your way of thinking.
5. Increase your influence, your prestige, your ability to get things done.
6. Handle complaints, avoid arguments, keep your human contacts smooth and pleasant.
7. Become a better speaker, a more entertaining conversationalist. 8. Arouse enthusiasm among your associates.
This book has done all these things for more than ten million readers in thirty-six languages.

This Book Is Dedicated to a Man
Who Doesn’t Need to Read It:My Cherished Friend


Win Friends


Dale Carnegie
Editorial Consultant: Dorothy Carnegie
Editorial Assistance: Arthur R. Pell, Ph.D.

Copyright 1936 by Dale Carnegie, copyright renewed © 1964 by Donna Dale Carnegie and Dorothy Carnegie
Revised Edition copyright © 1981 by Donna Dale Carnegie and
Dorothy Carnegie
All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form
Published by Simon and Schuster
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SIMON AND SCHUSTER and colophon are trademarks of Simon & Schuster
Designed by Stanley S. Drate
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17 19 20 18
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Carnegie, Dale, 1888-1955.

How to win friends and influence people.
Includes index.
1. Success. I. Title.
158’. 1 80-28759
ISBN O-671-42517-X

Preface to Revised Edition
How to Win Friends and Influence People was first published in 1937 in an edition of only five thousand copies.…...

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Things Fall Apart

...Latria Stridiron Dr. Hendricks HIST.350.020 September 27, 2012 Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe a Nigerian native wrote Things Fall Apart a groundbreaking novel as a response to European writings about Africa such as Joseph Conrad Heart of Darkness and Joyce Cary Mister Johnson. Indignant at the way Africans were portrayed in those novels, Achebe looked for a way to show the world the richness of African culture, and in so doing, give his people a voice in the global society. Achebe announced that one of his purposes was to present a complex, dynamic society to a Western audience who perceived African society as primitive, simple, and backward. It was also a response to the Western beliefs that the Africans were uncivilized and barbaric. Achebe got most of his view from his own culture through the writing of Europeans. At first he related to the European writings, but as time went on, he felt they were poor caricatures and stereotypes of the actual people, and he tried to show this through his writing. In Things Fall Apart, Achebe illustrates this vision by showing us what happened in the Igbo society of Nigeria at the time of its colonization by the British. Because of internal weaknesses within the native structure and the divided nature of Igbo society, the community of Umuofia in this novel is unable to withstand the tidal wave of foreign religion, commerce, technology, and government. Unless Africans could tell their side of their story,......

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Things Fall Apart

...this; most of the world, have separated religion from state (government). However in, Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, their world is lived by the same idea for many years, until their culture is threatened. The character Okonkwo, from Things Fall Apart, is a proud, fearful, ambitious, and ill-tempered man. He is the leader in his family, and he is a great one at that. His father left him with and at nothing; he is a terrible example for Okonkwo. Okonkwo, unconsciously, changes his fate, and nonetheless becomes the opposite of his father. All this was put to trial when he was exiled for seven years for committing a female murder. All that he was, his essence was put to trial; him being leader of his family, had to leave his family, everything. If this wasn’t bad enough, while he was gone, white men started migrating to his land, and that’s when everything started changing. As the white men settled in quietly with their religion, after some time, they stayed and governed harshly over Umuofia. What changed first was Umuofia’s traditional system, which was masculinity. Titles were no longer important. As tradition changed, a new belief system came into the picture, Christianity. The white men introduced the Christian church to Umuofia, thus dividing the community. Society begins to steadily change with this new religion, and henceforth comes a new government. The way they dealt with things now was more “stable,” or “better.” After the seven years were up, Okonkwo finally......

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Things Fall Apart Homework

...English Literature Summer Reading Things fall apart, a novel by Chinua Achebe. In the novel of things fall apart there are many characters that stand out, such as, Okonkwo, Nwoye, Ikemefuna, Mr. Brown and more. One substantial character is Ezinma - The only child of The main character Okonkwo,'s second wife, Ekwefi. As the only one of Ekwefi’s ten children to survive past infancy, Ezinma is the center of her mother’s world. Their relationship is atypical—Ezinma calls Ekwefi by her name and is treated by her as an equal. Ezinma is also Okonkwo’s favorite child, for she understands him better than any of his other children and reminds him of Ekwefi when Ekwefi was the village beauty. Furthermore, he wishes that Ezinma were a boy because she would have been the perfect son. In the novel "Things Fall Apart" there are many themes and backgrounds, such as fear, sin and traditions. But the most frequent is respect/reputation. Reputation is extremely important to the men in the novel. Personal reputation is publicly denoted by the ankle bracelets men wear, which signify the number of “titles” they have earned. Reputation is based on merit – men gain reputation through bravery in battle, skill at wrestling, and hard work as seen through the size of their yam harvest. Reputation earns men positions of power and influence in the community as well as numerous wives. Okonkwo, the novel’s protagonist, is extremely concerned with reputation because he grew up with a...

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Things Fall Apart

...“Things Fall Apart” by Chinua Achebe offers several ideas as to what motivates people to do the things they do. Greed, anger, and love are just a few of the driving forces which people experience. One motivation, which will be examined in this paper, is that of fear. Fear is a powerful motivator that can either help or hinder. Fear inspires several of the characters in the book to take action in regard to their own particular situations and experiences. Either they conquer their fears and move on, use that fear to overcome a particular situation, or they continue to live in fear allowing it to control them. Nwoye has a fear of his father, Ekwefi has a fear of losing her daughter, and finally Okonkwo has a fear of becoming like his father. Each of these characters experiences some sort of fear and allows it to drive their actions. Nwoye is the oldest son of Okonkwo, who sees him as lazy and weak. At the beginning of the book, Nwoye is 12 years old and is harshly judged by Okonkwo because he cannot work as long or as hard. This results in nagging and beatings by his father to in an attempt to correct what Onkonkwo feels are negative personality traits. Then Ikemefuna joins the household. Ikemefuna is a boy given to Onkonkwo by a neighboring village. Ikemefuna becomes popular among all of Okonkwos children, but becomes especially close to Nwoye. Ikemefuna acts as an older brother to Nwoye, who seems to mature under the tutelage of Ikenefuna. This relationship gives Nwoye......

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Things Fall Apart

... for his father was lazy and improvident. He was unwilling to help while his loving mother had died when Okonkwo was young. In the book Things’ Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, Okonkwo is a man determined to be strong, powerful, influential, courageous, hard-working, and able to provide for his family; everything his father was not, and somewhat of what his mother was like. The role of women in Okonkwo’s life seemed to be an unimportant role, but in reality, it is the key factor in running his life. Women’s role in Okonkwo’s life is huge, for his mother’s influence was able to get him a home to stay. His wives role in child bearing allows him to have children. His wives caring for the family run the household. Although Okonkwo has a rough exterior, inside he is a man determined to never be what his father was like. In his village of Umofia, Okonkwo is banished for seven years after accidentally shooting a boy, so customs stated that he pack up and leave, along with his family. Okonkwo, with nowhere else to go, went to his mother’s old village. The book states “It was a crime against the earth goddess to kill a clansman, and a man who committed it must flee from the land…Okonkwo was well received by his mother’s kinsman…” This means it is illegal, (a crime), to kill anyone in the village, and if a person did, they must leave in order for things to be set right again. Also, it means Okonkwo was recognized to be his mother’s son, so he could stay in his old village. If it were not...

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Things Fall Apart

...with plenty of fame and fortune, but because of their status in society, it ultimately leads to their own downfall. People often wonder what the point of a tragedy if the protagonist is just going to die anyways,yet people still read them. Novels like The Great Gatsby, Romeo and Juliet, and Titanic are all very popular tragedies that are best sellers, common in English class, and have even been made into movies. Some might argue that tragedies are written to preserve a memory in honor of those lost, however, others might say it’s to show readers the effect of a problem in order to prevent it from happening again in the future. Chinua Achebe wrote Things Fall Apart as a way to prevent colonization from happening to any other tribe because colonization destroys a society instead of building one like it’s supposed to. The very first thing the white missionaries do is barge in and “shoot everybody except the sick who were stuck at home” (Achebe 139). The white missionaries didn’t even ask if they could live with them, let alone amongst them. They needed to make room for themselves so they wiped out an entire tribe, “ ‘Abeme is no more’ ” (Achebe 137). The white missionaries sure didn’t make a very good impression of who they were. By deciminating an entire tribe and leaving only a few survivors, most likely to spread around the terrors of the white men and how the natives should fear them and listen to the missionaries. They are not being peaceful with them like they promised......

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...Things fall apart 1) Discuss the role of fate, or “chi,” in the novel. How do you think Achebe feels about fate versus a person’s control over his or her own destiny? Through the novel “Things fall apart”, written by Chinua Achebe, the author demonstrate so many meaningful, African traditions and religion. Throughout the story, which took place in the Nigerian village of Umuofia, the concept of “Chi” personal god that determines fate/destiny was discussed and is important to our understanding of the main character, Okonkwo. Moreover, Okonkwo was a man who had plans for greatness but his chi said otherwise and one can explain Okonkwo’s dreadful fate as the result of a problematic chi. Further, by showing how fate overpowered Okonkwo’s destiny, Achebe portrays that fate is way more powerful than destiny and no matter how hard a person try to make their own destiny, fate takes control. As mentioned before, Achebe shows the significant of Chi through the main Character. Okonkwo worked so hard to changes his fate and become a leader in his clans but his fate changed his life. Although he was recognized for his many achievements and was respected by the village because at a young age he threw the legendary Amalinze the cat for the first time and was a wealthy farmer unlike his father, but his problematic chi changed his destiny. Okonkwo proved to be a good man and wanted a good destiny but his chi spoke louder. In chapter 12 he accidentally shot Ezeudu’s sixteen-year-old...

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...Salome Sutter. English 2309-700. DR Savic savic. 06/09/2014 Like Father Not Like Son. The Saying Like Father Like Son Is Not Always True. In Chinua Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart, we see different relationships between parents and their children. Women seem not to have so much value in leadership role since they can’t earn a title. They are married off to able men to bear children for the clan. We see the boy child being raised to take over after his father. Achebe has shown in great length the concept of father and son relationship to a deeper level. He has shown how a boy will always look up to his father for both positive and negative aspects. The grown adults have a choice to figure a path in their leadership. We mainly learn of Okonkwo the main character that hated everything about his father and chose to live his life the opposite. He put his whole energy into becoming his opposite. Unfortunately his oldest son, Nwoye who looked like his father Unoka was the opposite of him. Okonkwo is a great man in the village of Umuofia since he was 18 years old. He threw the cat in a wrestling fight. “As a young man of eighteen he had brought honor to his village by throwing Amalinze the Cat. Amalinze was the great wrestler who for seven years was unbeaten, from Umuofia to Mbaino.” (Achebe, Chapter 1 para 1) We are told that he continued to earn respect among his clansmen because no one had defeated the cat in seven years. Okonkwo worked so hard to be the opposite of his...

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...Colonization and Cultural Change in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe There is a major importance of customs and traditions in the African nations. The customs and traditions decide the fate of the men, women, and children of each separate tribe, as well as how the men are viewed from neighboring tribes. Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart achieves the paradoxical effect of enabling African tribal life to be accessible to western society, while simultaneously excluding it. The incursion of the colonizing force is changing or threatening to change almost every aspect of their society: religion, family structure, gender roles, relations, and trade. In this novel Achebe uses the term Locusts to symbolize the arrival of white settlers who will feast on and exploit the resources of the Igbo. Achebe aims to show that Africa is not the uncivilized, simple country that it is portrayed as by other cultures. His work aims to show the reader to understand the tribe and assist the reader to think about the reasoning behind the beliefs that may be viewed as odd or illogical. For instance; that a child should be murdered or the spirits of the dead must be appeased, if not it can have grave consequences for some tribal members. Or the tribal concept of 'bloating' they simply take people suffering with it to the evil forest and leave them for dead, to them this perfectly logical. Paul Brians (Washington State University, 2002) states that "its most striking feature is to......

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...English Dr. Swaralipi Nandi 18-09-2014 Theme of Colonialism in ‘Things Fall Apart’ Introduction : Poet and novelist Chinua Achebe was one of the most important Africanwriters. He was also considered by many to be one of the most original literary artists writing in English during his lifetime. He is best known for his novel Things Fall Apart (1958). Born Albert Chinualumogo Achebe, Chinua Achebe was raised by Christian evangelical parents in the large village Ogidi, in Igboland, Eastern Nigeria. He received an early education in English, but grew up surrounded by a complex fusion of Igbo traditions and colonial legacy. He studied literature and medicine at the University of Ibadan; after graduating, he went to work for the Nigerian Broadcasting Company in Lagos and later studied at the British Broadcasting Corporation staff school in London. During this time, Achebe was developing work as a writer. Starting in the 1950s, he was central to a new Nigerian literary movement that drew on the oral traditions of Nigeria's indigenous tribes. Although Achebe wrote in English, he attempted to incorporate Igbo vocabulary and narratives. Things Fall Apart (1958) was his first novel, and remains his best-known work. It has been translated into at least forty-five languages, and has sold eight million copies worldwide. Chinua Achebe’s “African Trilogy” : Things Fall Apart, No Longer at Ease, Arrow of God   captures a society caught between...

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...In the novel, “Things Fall Apart”, Chinua Achebe first shows us the structure of the Igbo society and importance of men’s role in the clan. Igbo people are very organized and have great mindset on the structure of things when it comes to Religion and order of the society. These little things set the scene and show a cohesive society but can also lead to things falling apart. Okonkwo, being a successful man with many titles thought little of his father, Unoka, who had claimed no titles and was thought to be an ‘agbala’ which meant woman or man with no titles. Throughout the novel, we constantly see that Okonkwo’s need to not resemble his father festers and he has a desire to instill it in his oldest son, Nwoye. However, this was to no avail as we see that later on in the novel, Nwoye is attracted to Christianity when the missionaries arrive because he never agreed with his father’s views as he always had views of his own and of the Igbo religion. Upon hearing the news of Nwoye’s conversion, Okonkwo felt disheartened and decided to threaten his other sons in hopes of them not being like Nwoye and his ‘failure father’ , Unoka, who have disregarded the aspect of manhood. Religion is an important part of the dark continent which was depicted throughout the novel in different aspects. The little things that held the society together, in this case religion, also contributed to the Igbo society’s downfall. For example, in the case of Ikemefuna’s death, the Oracle demanded that......

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Things Fall Apart

...Persephany Magdaleno Mr. Lopez July 23, 2014 AP Lit Things Fall Apart "The white man is very clever. He came quietly and peaceably with his religion. We were amused at his foolishness and allowed him to stay. Now he has won our brothers, and our clan can no longer act like one. He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart"(pg.176). Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, a historical fictional novel, was written to present a complex, dynamic society to a western audience who perceived African society as primitive, simple, and reversed. I strongly recommend this novel because of its differentiated perspectives of two intertwining stories for example: Okonkwo, a respected and powerful figure in the Ibo village, Umuofia, was also warrior whose major weakness in the novel is the inability to accept change. This ends up destroying him in the finale of the book. Chinua Achebe's other story described the influences of white missionaries on African tribes. Chinua Achebe also addresses the clash of cultures in the second part, especially within their religions, but implies that there is no right or wrong in their differences between their cultures. Fear is an emphasized theme throughout the novel because fear is what drives Okonkwo terror by the wrath of god's, guilt, and his community disapproval upon them. This theme is also looked as symbolization to Okonkwo's dedication to be a successful man because the fear was so fierce that it......

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Things Fall Apart Essay

...Things Fall Apart Literary Analysis The world is changing as do the people who live in it all the time, sometimes people just don’t fit with the changing world. In Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, tells the story of a great man named Okonkwo. When European missionaries arrive, Okonkwo’s culture that he once knew is changing dramatically. The book addresses the clash of cultures and destruction of Okonkwo’s world with their arrival. Achebe shows us that Okonkwo’s inability to adapt and his own characterization causes him to end his life. Okonkwo’s suicide was caused by a mix of the European missionaries and Okonkwo’s own characterization. Okonkwo never learns from his mistakes, he always thinks what he does is always right no matter what. All he knows came from his childhood and younger years. Unoka is disrespected among the society. The culture values physical strength, achievement, and masculinity. Unoka represents the opposite of these values, he enjoys expressing himself through words and music, he’s a very talented musician. Okonkwo learns that these qualities are not what the tribe values. Okonkwo grows up being the opposite of his father, he becomes the best wrestler, he’s physically strong, and represents hyper masculinity. Okonkwo also becomes a very successful farmer, but after a bad harvest due to bad, inconsistent weather Unoka tells his son “‘do not despair. I know you will not despair. You have a manly and a proud heart. A proud heart can survive general...

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Things Fall Apart

...Things Fall Apart is a novel written by Chinua Achebe. It is a fictional story that portrays the tribal life of the West African community. All the scenes revolve around the life of the main character Okonkwo who is a member of the tribe of Umofia. The story is set in the pre-colonial Igbo society and Colonial Igbo society. This book is into three parts: the pre-exiled Okonkwo, exiled Okonkwo, and returned Okonkwo. In all these parts, we recognize the values and virtues of the African life. The life of Okonkwo is comparatively the same Rip Van Winkle written by Washington Irving. In this story, Rip Van Winkle lived in the countryside, was exiled at some time, and came back to find that his country has changed to the extent of being not recognized. “You reap what you saw,” might seem to be a trite, because its presence in many languages. However, it does not cease to apply in the life of the pre-exiled Okonkwo. Okonkwo, whose father was lazy, seemed to be condemned to poverty but his inveterate propensity to work harder and hustle made him rich and influential in the community of Umofia. In this part, Okonkwo is a resilient person considering the difficulties that he faced mainly due to the empty start that his father offered. Additionally, Okonkwo was a famous wrestler in the entirety nine tribes of the land of Igbo. As a result, he has been involved in all the warfare issues of the land of Umofia. He took a young boy Ikemefuna as retribution to avoid strife between the......

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Things Fall Apart

...ideals and tools that spread like a cultural virus. One very well-known story of this part of history is a book written by Chinua Achebe, titled Things Fall Apart. The book tells a fantastic story of a tribe in Nigeria which becomes a victim of the European imperialists. Achebe does a remarkable job of giving the reader the vivid change from the African tribe before and after the Europeans arrived. Things Fall Apart centers around a Nigerian tribe leader named Okonkwo. Known for his strength, courage, and most of all, pride, Okonkwo is looked up to by most the people in his tribe. Okonkwo doesn’t handle the European invasion as well as others due to his large sense of pride, which ultimately leads to his downfall and death. Christian missionaries were one of the main forms of imperialization used by Europeans. The two missionaries in Things Fall Apart were Mr. Brown and Mr. Smith. It is common in African communities that there are outcasts existing. Outcasts could be anyone that has a disability, a criminal, or anyone that has been exiled. These missionaries would accept anyone that is an outcast and take them under their wing, showing them very appealing tools and technology. Also, the missionaries would give these outcasts an opportunity to work for them. Seeing these outcasts working with new tools, learning new things, and experiencing a completely different life, the villagers of the tribe became envious. Soon, common folk started converting to this new religion......

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