Thinking, Language, Intelligence

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By mbusterbig
Words 3505
Pages 15
Thinking, Language and Intelligence

THINKING = Cognition = mental activities involved with knowing, remembering, and communicating

1. Using (and underlining) text terms of concepts, hierarchies and prototypes, explain why it is more difficult for people to perceive illness when their symptoms do not match their expectations; also give a personal example of this thinking pattern. Response: Concepts may help guide and speed are thinking but they don't always make us wise. If a person perceives an illness and symptoms don't match the prototype of the disease it makes it harder for them to grasp the fact they have a particular illness. About a year ago I thought I was having a heart attack because I felt the pain in my left arm and shortness of breath or sharp pain in my chest. After going to the emergency room I found out I just had a bad case of gas. I think this is an example of my expectations of the illness being totally wrong. The way I thought about the hierarchy of a heart attack being at the top, made me think and actually believe I was having a heart attack.

2. Here is a brain exercise: What is the next number in this series: 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, _____ For each of the 3 problem-solving thinking methods, explain how a person could use the method to solve this exercise: A. Algorithm: Response: An algorithm is step-by-step process or procedure that guarantees a solution. For this exercise I think that counting the difference between numbers as they increase would lead me to a difference of 11, making the next number 32.

B Heuristic: Response: Solving this using the heuristic approach, a person might eliminate the even numbers, leaving the odd numbers to find the order and next number. Using this process, I would still come up with a difference of 11 and the next number 32. I would eliminate the 8 and the difference of 2…...

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