Top Most Popular Hybrids

In: Science

Submitted By dbarcher
Words 5747
Pages 23
1. Analyze the top 5 most popular choices of hybrid cars detailing the pros and cons of each car’s technology, price, manufacturing, car’s impact on environment, and describe the scientific principles involved behind the technology.

2. Determine which type of car would work best for you and your family. Justify your decision based upon the result of your analysis of the 5 hybrid cars.

3. Analyze the impact this technology will have on our political relationships with oil-producing countries. Make sure that you address economic issues such as: trade, production, and supply in your analysis.

4. Express how you think this technology will influence world politics? Make sure that you address economic issues such as: trade, production, and supply in your analysis.

5. Explain what impact do you think these cars will have on our economy? Consider the following issues in your analysis: consumer buying, sustainability, recycling, and fuel economy.

“The first hybrid gas-electric car in the United States, the original Honda Insight, reported its first 17 sales in December 1999. One decade and 1.5 million hybrids later, the auto industry is ready to embrace hybrids and other green cars like never before.” (Berman, 2009) Hybrid cars are extremely popular internationally and it’s easy to see why. “Hybrid cars complement gas engines with electric motors to improve gas mileage or to increase power through the use of a combined-propulsion system. Toyota and Honda are both major players in the hybrid space, but just about every other automaker is working on a hybrid model.” (Cunningham, 2014) The hybrids with high-end proficiency have far superior fuel efficiency than conventional gas-powered vehicles. Hybrids of today have ranges of greater than 400 miles per tank. There are two main types; normal hybrid cars, and full hybrid cars. Normal hybrid cars…...

Similar Documents


...revenue, reduce cost, and increases market share of the firm. Objective I propose to review the following objectives in order to invest on hybrid vehicles component/services. * Explain the importance of Hybrid Vehicle Components/Services to reduce U.S. dependency on foreign oil. * Illustrate the importance of Hybrid vehicles in order to get rid of high prices/cost of gasoline. * Demonstrate the benefits that hybrid vehicles bring to the firm i.e. high revenue, increased market share and greater profits. Scope Hybrid vehicles have a wide scope in upcoming future due to following reasons: * Increase companies revenues and profits because of reduction of gasoline usage. * Hybrids can operate on alternative fuels that have flex fuel possibilities. * Dependency on fossils fuels will be decreased. * Fuel efficiency is greatly increased (twice). * Emissions are greatly decreased. * Regenerative braking actually makes city driving more economical than on the highway. As Gasoline becomes more and more expensive, the hybrids will become more common and even plug in type electric vehicles will also be more popular all over the world. Terminology Hybrid vehicle: A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more than two distinct power sources to move the vehicle. The term most commonly refers to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), which combine internal combustion engine and one or more electric motors. Regenerative braking: A method of......

Words: 756 - Pages: 4

Hybrid Cars

...Sales of hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles fell to a 16-month low in May, dragged down by real and imagined supply constraints and increased competition from lower-priced gas-powered small cars, reports Edmunds’, the premier online resource for automotive industry analysis. May sales of hybrid and electric-drive vehicles were off 35.8 percent from a year earlier, lead by dramatic declines in sales of Toyota and Honda models. Overall, Toyota and Lexus hybrids dropped 45.1 percent for the month. Honda, the second-largest producer of hybrids, saw its sales in the segment fall 29 percent in May. "For those selling hybrids, it is incredibly bad luck that the Japanese earthquake and associated production disruptions occurred as gas prices were reaching their highest levels in three years," said Chief Economist Lacey Plache. "While Japanese automakers may well gain back their lost share on other vehicles, hybrids will face an even steeper climb back to previous levels, given the greater and growing competition from fuel-efficient, non-hybrid vehicles." Leading the slump was the decline in Toyota Prius sales, which traditionally account for about half of the hybrid market. A total of 6,924 Priuses were sold in May, down 51 percent from the same month last year. Low supply and higher prices have made the popular hybrid less palatable to consumers. A pricing analysis by found that the effective cost of a new Prius was $2,500 more in May......

Words: 2167 - Pages: 9

Loss of Top Predators Is Humankind’s Most Pervasive Influence on Nature

...Loss of Top Predators is Humankind’s Most Pervasive Influence on Nature Thesis: For thousands of years, nature and humans have coexisted in equilibrium. As human population increases and expands, it cases severe effects in every ecosystem. Evidence of human growth and urbanization can be seen through the impacts on virtually every ecosystem in planet earth, marine and terrestrial. Effects of, such as species decline, endangerment and extinction of enormous proportions. In most cases, driving some species to the edge of extinction. Possibly no species are more affected than the world’s large top predators. These animals are extremely important to the overall health and function of an ecosystem, but conservation and restoration of them and their habitat is a remote thought on humans. The absence of predators in certain areas has led to an explosion of their natural prey, which leads to a damaging impact on their habitat. Ecosystems need to be healthy in order to maintain the health of all living things within and around them, including humans. It seems logical then to restore the natural balance by reintroducing the animal’s natural predator, conserving the population, and protecting the wild environment. Humans can no longer wait to address this growing environmental and ethical issue, and by establishing clear goals they can ensure the future of these species and ecosystems along with the continuing growth and success of their own. DOT: Sharks influence on the structure......

Words: 2568 - Pages: 11

Hybrid or

...A Hybrid Operating Suite at Community Medical Center Russell F Stahl, M.D., Carmen Sciandria, CCP, Cassandra Cuesta, BA The Evolution of Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease Surgery for coronary artery disease (CABG), valve repair and replacement, and the treatment of aortic disease, all have a remarkable history of success and evolution. Just as with computer technology, the trend in surgery has been to become smaller, faster and better. The treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is moving towards less invasive and, in many cases, catheter based technologies. First interventional radiologists, then cardiologists, and now cardiac and vascular surgeons have embraced this trend. Clinicians are encouraged by outcomes that appear to be at least as good, albeit with trade-offs, and a high level of patient acceptance. Hybrid operating rooms - rooms combining operating room sterility and functionality with fixed angiography and echocardiographic imaging- are rapidly growing in prevalence and gaining increased interest from hospital administrators. These rooms are used by cardiac surgeons, vascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists, and neuro-interventionalists, and are suited for both open and closed procedures, as well as collaborative “hybrid” procedures. Given the dynamic nature of this room, these investments require thoughtful preparation operationally and logistically, especially when planning for physician and support staff that will work and cover call in this...

Words: 2690 - Pages: 11

No to Hybrid Cars

...Executive Summary: The high price of gas at the pump has many Americans looking for alternates to their gas powered vehicles. One of the most popular options right now is a hybrid vehicle. The question that comes to mind is, are hybrid vehicles worth it? With record high gas prices due to the price of oil, most car owners out there have major concerns over their gas usage. Over the past ten years, the cost of gasoline has grown 250%! The price of oil has doubled since January of this year. The high prices of oil and gas is the driving factor for most of the people to trade their gas powered vehicles for hybrid vehicles. These vehicles promise to give consumers more mileage per gallon, the truth is that only a few vehicles currently in the market actually make any sort of financial sense. There are quite a few issues with buying hybrid vehicles, even with gas prices at more than $4 a gallon. First, these vehicles are much higher in price than their gas powered counter part so, the premiums attached to their price tags do not justify extra mileage that you get. In some cases car dealers are selling popular vehicles at much higher prices than MSRP. Second, there are no laws and regulations controlling the technology, price, and the mileage per gallon required out of these vehicles. Currently, there are hybrid vehicles in the market that offer an improvement of 3MPG to 18 MPG over their gas powered counterpart. This is a huge range that needs to be controlled. Third, the......

Words: 1204 - Pages: 5

Hybrid Cars

...A hybrid car is a motor vehicle that uses two or more different sources of power. In most hybrids, you will find an internal combustion engine in addition to an electrical motor. Depending on how the vehicle is driven and the availability of power, the car uses gasoline and battery power alternately. In this assignment, you will research five different hybrid cars and evaluate their impact on the environment. Using the readings for this module, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, do the following: * Identify the top five most popular choices of hybrid cars. Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each car’s technology, price, manufacturing, and impact on environment. Include the scientific principles involved in the technology. * Determine which type of car would work best for you and your family. Justify your decision based on your analysis of the five hybrid cars. * Explain the impact these cars will have on the United States’ economy. Consider the following issues in your analysis: consumer buying, sustainability, recycling, and fuel economy. * Evaluate the impact that hybrid-car technology has had or could have on the United States’ political relationships with oil-producing countries. Be sure to include an analysis of economic issues such as production, supply, and trade. Describe how this technology will influence world politics. Include an analysis of economic issues such as production, supply, and trade. The......

Words: 337 - Pages: 2


...ABSTRACT The idea is to achieve the goals of reduced fuel consumption and emissions by improving efficiency using hybrid architecture (Engine + Motor/s) compared to presently used engine based architecture. The flow chart can be found on the next page. WHAT a) Increase the efficiency by reducing losses when engine is idling and/or engine is operating at low rpm - Common indian metro city scenario due to large traffics b) There by reduce the emission WHY a) Let us assume the an average car engine operating on a road with traffic problems like Bangalore operates in total “m” minutes in idling and “n” minutes at low rpm (threshold rpm is one of the variable) b) Now convert these “m” and “n” minutes of fuel losses and increased emission due to incomplete combustion of fuel into monetary value say INR “X” c) Come up with hybrid architecture with monetary value say INR “Y” which will have capability to provide enough power during these “m” and “n” minutes d) Design for the case where “Y” < “X” (parameters like initial cost, maintenance cost, break even point in terms of no of years, etc will be part of this analysis) HOW 1. Hybrid architecture design will be based on parameters from a) Average car usage, b) Road conditions, c) Cost of car, d) Battery charging - Stations/Alternative methods. 2. During idling and low speed operation, most of the power will come from battery, engine if is operating will be used to recharge battery, once car picks up a particular speed......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Hybrid Cars

...M3_A2 “A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses an on-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fuel based power source for vehicle propulsion. These vehicles use much less fuel than their counterparts and produce less emissions. Hybrid vehicles recharge their batteries by capturing kinetic energy through regenerative braking. Some hybrids use the combustion engine to generate electricity by spinning a generator to either recharge the battery or directly feed power to an electric motor that drives the vehicle. This takes place when cruising or in other situations where just light thrust is needed.” (Orloff) Hybrid Car Advantages Clean energy. An electric motor together with a gas powered engine make a vehicle that has lower emissions and better gas mileage. It conserves energy while having the power of a standard engine. Performance improvements. New technologies allow hybrids the same kind of performance as normal cars, and they are continuing to develop, improving efficiency, getting better mileage, and reducing emissions even further. Incentives. Varying from state to state and federally, hybrids may come with a tax benefit and savings in the form of much less money spent on fuel. Regenerative braking. Each time you brake, the battery is recharged a little, eliminating the need for stopping to recharge the battery periodically. Lower fossil fuel dependence. Because hybrids are much cleaner and......

Words: 2401 - Pages: 10

Key Differences Between the Most Popular Methods, the Npv Method and Irr Method

...Key differences between the most popular methods, the NPV Method and IRR Method, include: * NPV is calculated in terms of currency while IRR is expressed in terms of the percentage return a firm expects the capital project to return; * Academic evidence suggests that the NPV Method is preferred over other methods since it calculates additional wealth and the IRR Method does not; * The IRR Method cannot be used to evaluate projects where there are changing cash flows (e.g., an initial outflow followed by in-flows and a later out-flow, such as may be required in the case of land reclamation by a mining firm); * However, the IRR Method does have one significant advantage – managers tend to better understand the concept of returns stated in percentages and find it easy to compare to the required cost of capital; and, finally, * While both the NPV Method and the IRR Method are both discounted cash flow models and can even reach similar conclusions about a single project, the use of the IRR Method can lead to the belief that a smaller project with a shorter life and earlier cash inflows is preferable to a larger project that will generate more cash. * Applying NPV using different discount rates will result in different recommendations. The IRR method always gives the same recommendation. (Wilkinson 2013) It makes this adjustment using a "discount rate" that takes into account inflation, the risk of the project and the cost of capital -- either interest paid...

Words: 533 - Pages: 3

Hybrid Cars

...Hybrid Cars Hybrid Cars “Some hybrid cars are ahead of our current times. Others tend to turn heads because of their cut and dry appearance as they travel the streets. Either way, they are becoming increasingly popular. Many drivers have decided that hybrid cars are more adept because of their fuel efficiency and their ability to conserve our environment. Others appreciate the savings at the pump and admire the convenience of filling up less often” (Hewitt, Lyons, Suchocki, & Yeh, 2007). So which hybrid cars have the best technology, manufacturing, price, and impact on our environment? According to Kelley Blue Book, as of June 2012, the highest consumer rated hybrids are listed below along with their scores: 1. 2012 Toyota Prius C 9.7 / 10 2. 2011 BMW X6 9.5 / 10 3. 2011 Mercedes-Benz S-Class 9.4 / 10 4. 2011 Lincoln MKZ 9.2 / 10 5. 2011 Honda CR-Z 9.2 / 10 (Listing provided by Kelley Blue Book,, 2012) “The 2012 Toyota Prius C is the number one choice of consumers. The biggest advantages begin with the low starting price below $20,000. It has an augmented body and great battery and powertrain position. It is great for fuel economy as it allows better than 50 miles per gallon. The size of this vehicle is also admirable because it is convenient when trying to find a place to park. The gas engine is conjoined with an electric motor and the system also holds braking energy in a nickel metal hydride......

Words: 2879 - Pages: 12

Hybrid Vehicles

... TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary Introduction What is a Hybrid Vehicle a. Brief History and Explanation b. How it Works c. Recent Popularity and Expected Future Sales Demographics a. Age b. Gender c. Income d. Ethnicity Psychographics Green Marketing Strategies The Decision Making Process a. About the Process b. Problem Recognition c. Information Search d. Evaluation of Alternatives e. Product Choice and Outcome f. Conclusion Diffusion of Innovation a. About the Process b. Compatibility c. Trialability d. Complexity e. Observability f. Relative advantage g. Prediction of Future Diffusion Conclusion Works Cited 2 3 4 6 9 10 12 16 20 23 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This is a comprehensive report that discusses the innovation of the fuel efficient and environmentally friendly hybrid vehicle, which types of consumers purchase them and suggests certain Consumer Behavior concepts that explain why they are becoming so popular. The report begins with a brief explanation of the vehicles history along with a short explanation of how the vehicle operates. It also explains how the impacts of our economy and the environment have created a new wave of popularity and demand for the hybrid. It then transitions into the demographics and psychographics segment of the hybrid target market: age, gender, income, ethnicity, and the environmentally conscious attitudes that create the demand to purchase a hybrid vehicle. The next section of the report suggests three consumer......

Words: 5993 - Pages: 24

Critical Analysis of the Most Popular Search Engines

...Critical Analysis of the Most Popular Search Engines Name: Tutor: Course: Date: The search engine technology has scaled up by a large margin to keep up with the development of the web in the past decade. Presently, Search engines are the most popular and significant tools offered by the World Wide Web. The vast and extensive information present on the Internet can be accessed with the aid of these tools. More descriptively, search engines can be described as computer programs that perform searches of the documents on the Internet that contain the words or phrase that are of interest to the users. Many search engines of varying types and forms are developed and made available to the web every day. A notable majority of these tools provide reviews of websites in addition to search for keywords. Presently, Google and Yahoo are the most popular search engines available on the web. The internet search engines were created to simple the problem associated with obtaining the relevant results from a simple search query. From their onset, search engines have developed into the most successful applications present on the web today according to recent research. Search engines are categorized as either crawler-based, human-powered or hybrid. Of the three types, crawler-based engines are the most popular. The engines work by application of special software mechanisms popularly known as crawlers, or preferably spiders. Crawler software tools sift through the various WebPages......

Words: 679 - Pages: 3

Google; the Most Popular and Most Exciting Company

...Google; the most popular and most exciting company Google Google is indubitably the most popular and most exciting company in the world today. According to its corporate website, it's mission is to “organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful” (Google, 2010). Google ranked first place in Fortune Magazine's annual “Best Companies to Work For,” besting other top companies for two consecutive years, in 2007 and 2008. The most cited reason its performance as a top employer is because of its internal company culture. Google is the ultimate global company and is described as “high-energy, fast paced work environment” (Google, 2010). On its website, its policy of “favoring ability over experience” rings true as the employees of Google are all college degree holders at the very least. Because Google is oriented toward its “youthful” internet-savvy market, the average age of its employees is noticeably lower than most companies. The median age at Google is 30 years old and the gender distribution is 65% male and 35% female (Linkedin, 2010). The dress code is “casual” and laid-back because the company values ability and hard work, not appearance. Google has a very engaging company culture. Its headquarters at Google Mountain View, CA called Googleplex is designed to be have a “campus-like” feel attuned to its predominantly young college-level fresh recruits (Google, 2010). There are several facilities in Googleplex such as a café, snack rooms that......

Words: 770 - Pages: 4

Critical Analysis of the Most Popular Search Engines

...CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MOST POPULAR SEARCH ENGINES. Name Course Professor University City/State Date Introduction Search engines are very important tools used in information mining. These web search engines vary in effectiveness in the way relevant documents are retrieved from the net or web. Being that a Web search engine can be able to retrieve lots of data or documents from the internet and that it’s very popular does not guarantee it high accuracy for relevant documents retrieval to its users. This paper critically analyses the most popular search engines like Google, Yahoo, by evaluating their effectiveness on search output quantity, relevancy on the document retrieved, search time, and search precision. Google According to Lewandowski Dirk “Google possesses a well deserving reputation as the best web search engine for many people who are searching for information on net and has been voted by Search Engine Watch readers as the most outstanding search engine”. The crawler based facility provides both detailed coverage of web besides great relevancy. It's greatly recommended to be the first stop when one is looking for any information on web. It’s capable of providing options for finding extra web pages. Through the use of search box on home page, one can seek images easily across the web, access discussions on Usenet newsgroups, find information news as well as performing product search. Moreover, the more link gives access to......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Hybrid Vehicle

...hybrid vehicle Abstract The topic of this research paper is the impact of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) on the environment and society. The methodologies used to carry out research on this topic include collecting information on HEVs, their components, pollution caused by the manufacturing of their batteries, their economics, and their safety. The conclusions of the report are that HEVs adversely impact the environment and society. iii Table of Contents Abstract ......................................................................................................................................... ii Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................... iii Table of Figures ............................................................................................................................. vi Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Definition of the Problem ........................................................................................................... 6 1.1 Fossil Fuels ............................................................................................................................ 6 1.2 Air Pollution .......................................................................................................................... 7......

Words: 12114 - Pages: 49