Water Quality vs Gdp (Malaysia)

In: Science

Submitted By kakwannn
Words 4163
Pages 17
Introduction
Malaysia economic development strategy, since the introduction of New Economic Policy has hastened the development process in the following years especially 1980s - 90’s decade. Development was further speeded up in 2000s with the nation vision of achieving an industrialized status by year 2020. However, the rapid development process sometimes was carried out without really taking into consideration, that the possibility of such development will impacts on the environment, in this case, impacts towards the rivers. Table 1 below shows the number of polluted river (suspended solids) from year 1998 – 2008.
Table [ 1 ]: Number of clean, slighly polluted and polluted basin in Malaysia (Suspended Solids)

A) Economic Growth and Water Pollution

As the country which moves towards the realization of its vision 2020 to becoming a developed nation through the implementation of its policy agenda for heavy industrialization, infrastructures, and urban-expansions, the water demands increase steeply. There is greater pressure to preserve the current water resources as well as to find alternative course of actions to improve the water quality. In other words, the consistent and rapid growth of urban-industries in Malaysia has undoubtedly resulted in an increase in economic well being of the citizens on the one hand. After all, for the first time in years, the external value of Malaysia’s currency, the ringgit, shrank by nearly 50 per cent while the stock market contracted by even more at about 60 per cent. The ringgit fell from an average of 2.42 to the U.S. dollar in April 1997 to an all-time low of 4.88 to the U.S. dollar in January 1998. The composite index (CI) of the Kuala Lumpur Stock Ex- change (KLSE) which had been the third largest stock exchange in the region after Tokyo and Hong Kong, fell precipitously from 1,077.3 points in June 1997 to 262.7…...

Similar Documents

Gdp Malaysia

...illegally. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) states that there are more than 200 million of migrants globally. The number of immigrants especially in developing countries and developed countries increase very rapidly. According to the United Nations, majority of the migrants are come from Asia. Malaysia has hosted more than one million of foreign immigrants, mostly from Indonesia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Myanmar and Philippines while Japan is home for immigrants from Vietnam, China and Myanmar. On the other hand, South Africa has many refugees and asylum seekers residing in it. The existence of immigrants would have played a vital role in the economy. They have contributed quite a large portion to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). We are now going to analyze on the economic condition of Japan which is a developed country, Malaysia as a developing country, and South Africa as an undeveloped country. Analysis on immigrants’ contribution on the economic condition will be done. 2.0 Japan 2.1 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 2000 to 2008 Please refer to Attachment 1.0. It is a table of Gross Domestic Product of Japan since 2000 to 2008. The GDP of Japan shows increase since year 2000 to 2007. However, it suddenly declined 2.74% at year 2008. Reasons will be explained in detail in 2.4 Analysis on Data. 2.2 Number of Immigrants, Unemployment and Crime Incidents As shown in Attachment 1.1, during year 2000 to 2007, the numbers of immigrants keep......

Words: 5898 - Pages: 24

River Basin Water Quality in Malaysia in 1998-2008

...LAMPIRAN 1 - DRAFT1 OCTOBER 2012 ITEM / REGULATION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ACT 1974 EXPLANATORY NOTES ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY (CONTROL OF SUSPENDED SOLIDS) REGULATIONS 20XX In exercise of powers conferred by Section 24, 25, 29 and 51 of the Environmental Quality Act 1974, the Minister, after consultation with the Environmental Quality Council, makes the following regulations: Citation These regulations are made based on the current provisions in the EQA 1974. The regulations are not intended to control the implementation of the development itself, but designed to control the pollutant (TSS) released as a result of earth disturbances into Malaysian waters. TSS has been identified as a major pollutant that has caused detrimental impacts on rivers. 1. These regulations may be cited as the Environmental Quality (Control of Suspended Solids) Regulations 2011 Interpretation 2. (1) In these Regulations- “accelerated erosion” means the removal of the surface of the land through the combined action of human activities and the natural processes, at a rate greater than what would occur because of the natural process alone. Note : These definitions are subject to discussion with stakeholders and approval by the AG Chambers 1 LAMPIRAN 1 - DRAFT1 OCTOBER 2012 “agricultural operation” means the management and use of farming resources for production of crops, livestock, or poultry, or for equine activity. “best management practices” means activities,...

Words: 4506 - Pages: 19

Water Quality Standards

...Water Quality Standards Catherine Ortiz Everest Water Quality Standards Having water quality standards is important because it helps ensure that the water condition is good. Depending on what the water will be used for; the standards change. For example, the standard for drinking water is a lot higher than the standards for water that we would use to water our lawn. “The EPA has listed 167 chemicals and substances as criteria pollutants.”(Wright & Boorse, 2014, p. 515) These chemicals are not allowed to remain in the water. The water would need to be conditioned to make it meet the standards of not having any of those chemicals and substances in it. “The list identifies the pollutant and then recommends concentrations for freshwater, saltwater and human consumption.”(Wright & Boorse, 2014, p. 515) Criteria pollutants are chemicals found in water. “The majority of these are toxic chemicals, but many are also natural chemicals or conditions that describe the state of the water, such as nutrients, hardness (a general measure of dissolved calcium and magnesium salts) and pH (a measure of the acidity of the water).”(Wright & Boorse, 2014, p. 515) The maximum contaminant levels or MCL are the levels of toxins that are at acceptable amounts, found in the water. For example, “the CMC and CCC values for arsenic are 340 µg/L and 150 µg/L (1 µg/L = part per billion) for freshwater bodies and 69 µg/L and 36 µg/L for saltwater bodies. The drinking water MCL......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Real Gdp vs. Nominal Gdp

...Real GDP vs. Nominal GDP Real GDP is GDP adjusted for changes in the price level and Nominal GDP is GDP expressed at current prices and it is often called money GDP (Gwarthney, pg. 732 & 734). Both the Real GDP and Nominal GDP are from the GDP deflator which is measurements of money and power that are the effects of inflation. The Real GDP is the measurements of significant of price changes and Nominal GDP is the measurements of inflation. We need both Real GDP and Nominal GDP because both plays important roles in the economics system and both are use to keep up with the comparison of years, prices, price index, and real GDP with percentage increases between of the area noted. In my first article, Wall Street Journal, it took place in Japan around the 2000 about the fourth quarter concern because instead of the prices rising they are progressively declining among other nations are excelling. I paid attention in the first 2 quarters real and nominal were the same but on the last two it change the nominal gdp became poorer then the real gdp. In which is bad because the products of goods and services determined the inflation and real growth in which is the numbers economics look for to increase because it’s the profit that counts. I suggest that Japan needed to reevaluate a plan to increase their products and sells so the inflation and real gdp and the nominal which is the money would increase in the world trade sells. My 2nd article of reality of today of 2014...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Water Quality and Contamination

...of our planet is covered in water, only a small percent of this water is usable freshwater. (eScience Lab 2, 2012) Most of our freshwater is frozen in glaciers at the poles, which means that it is not a viable option because melting them would disrupt the delicate balance of that ecosystem. The small percentage of fresh water that is accessible is stored underground in aquifers. These aquifers collect precipitation like rain water and water from melted snowfalls and stores it in ducts and pores, layers beneath the earth’s surface. When you think about the fact that there are over seven billion human being on this earth and countless other species that depend on freshwater to live and how little there actually is that alone is legitimate cause for alarm. In addition a lot of our technological advances, which have enabled us to feed a growing population by using chemicals to grow more crops, can threatened and potentially contaminate our freshwater supply. A good example of this as explained by Turk & Bensel 2011, is the fact that nitrogen and phosphorus are important crop nutrients, and farmers apply large amounts to cropland each year. They can enter water resources through runoff and leaching and affect water quality through eutrophication, which can result in decreased oxygen levels, fish kills, clogged pipelines, and reduced recreational opportunities. Another reason why water quality research is so important is because growing urban water demands have long clashed......

Words: 2448 - Pages: 10

Gdp vs Hdi

...GDP VS HDI The monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period, though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis. HDI: The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistical tool used to measure a country's overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions. UK currently 14 on the HDI, were 9th in Europe UKs GDP position is 6th China are 91st on the HDI and GDP is 2nd "Although the economy in China is very large, the income of Chinese people is still much lower than in many developed countries," "and I think environmental pollution also affected China's ranking on the list." Countries high on the Human Development Index tend to have annual population growth rates of 1 percent or less, high urban population percentages (65 percent and up) and balanced percentages of people under 15 and over 65 years of age. Those low on the index tend to have annual population growth rates of 1.5 percent or higher, less than 35 percent of the population in urban areas, and an under-15 population that greatly outnumbers those above 65 years (in most cases, more than 10 times as many.) There is today a very strong correlation between rising GDP/capita. If you exclude 6 countries on the right side of the strong correlation that have higher GDP/capita than HDI due to oil or diamonds; and if you exclude 6 former Soviet Republics with collapsed economy but still high literacy rate on the left side of the......

Words: 446 - Pages: 2

Water Quality Management

...Water Quality Management Water Pollutants and their Sources Water pollutants are categorized as: Point Source – pollutants that enter watercourses through pipes or channels. These can be discharges from sewage treatment plant or factories. Nonpoint Source – pollutants that originate from multiple sources. Several points of contamination over a large area contribute to the pollution of a water body. E.g agricultural runoff and construction sites. Types of Pollutants: 1. Oxygen-demanding substances/wastes - biodegradable organic compounds contained in domestic sewage or certain industrial effluents. When these compounds are decomposed by bacteria, oxygen is removed from the water. If the oxygen level drops low enough, the fish will die. Examples: * Sewage – includes domestic and hospital wastes, animal and human excreta etc. * Animal Manure and Plant residues - These substances in water causes increased algal blooms and microorganism population. This is introduced into water due to sewage, agricultural run-off, paper mills, food processing etc. 2. Sediments - particles of soils, sands, and minerals washed from the land. They can smother bottom life such as shellfish and coral, as well as fill in reservoirs and harbors. * Organic sediments - can deplete the water of oxygen, creating anaerobic (without oxygen) conditions, and may create unsightly conditions and cause unpleasant odors. 3. Nutrients - such as the nitrogen......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Water Quality and Contamination

...WATER QUALITY AND CONTAMINATIONS PG. 1 Water Quality and Contamination Nalissa Johnson SCI207: Dependence of Man on the Environment Otishna Jacobs 16 August 2015 WATER QUALITY AND CONTAMINATIONS PG. 2 Introduction Ground water is the biggest source of drinking water available to human population around the world and is rapidly being polluted because of industrialization and increasing demands of agriculture around the world. “Ground waters frequently contain iron, manganese and ammonium above the allowed concentration levels for drinking water”(Strembal, 2004)There are a lot of dangers associated with drinking or cooking with contaminated water. Diseases, poisons, and toxins can be found in contaminated water. There is also a possible correlation between an increased cancer risk and consuming contaminated water. “Being out of sight, it is not always apparent that damage has been, or is being, done to the groundwater resources. The need to prevent groundwater pollution is important because of the very high proportion of groundwater resources that are used for potable supply.” (Helmer, 1997) The objective of the first experiment we conducted was to test the ability of soil to remove oil, vinegar, and laundry detergent from the environment before it reaches ground water. We want to know this because often we...

Words: 2708 - Pages: 11

Tap Water vs Bottled Water

...Bottled water Vs Tap Water? Abstract This is a repot about what is better Bottled water or tap water. This report will show that for the most part there is no difference for your health but a big difference in price. So it will show that tap water is better for the most part. What is better Bottled water or Tap Water? What is better tap water or bottled water? People spend a lot of money on bottled water so some people think it’s better, but is it? All Tap and Bottled water is different so if you really want to know get the water tested. Bottled water is less regulated than tap water. Tap water is regulated by the EPA while bottled water is regulated by the FDA. The FDA tries to meet the EPA standard. Bottled water has a loophole so if it’s sold in the state it’s made then it’s not tested.[1][4] There have been some recalls of bottled water[2] Bottled water can go bad. Some of the plastic can get into the water, if you leave it outside.[4] don’t store Bottled water in hot places. Tap water will get metals in it from pipes. So if you have bad piping you may want to buy bottled water, but bottled water might not be better its tested way less,[5] so before you change to bottled water check to see if the brand is better than the Tap. Fluoride isn’t in some Bottled water. Fluoride is really good for your teeth. One of the top medical achievements of the 21st century according to the CDC. The cost of bottle water is more than Tap water. Tap water is cents for a gallon...

Words: 555 - Pages: 3

Water and Quality

...different pollutants of water and examine contaminates of it as well. Body Paragraph # 2 - Objective: The lab was performed so we could investigate the effects of common pollutants on groundwater as well as mimic the filtration process utilized by wastewater treatment facilities. Body Paragraph # 3 - Hypothesis: Experiment 1 Hypothesis = I think that the bleach will filtrate and remove the contaminants because bleach removes contaminants. Experiment 2 Hypothesis = I think the tap water will contain the most chemical components and the Fiji will contain the least amount of chemical components. Experiment 3 Hypothesis = I feel like the rye grass will contain the highest biodiversity. Materials and Methods Experiment 1: Effects of Groundwater Contamination The material that were needed for the first experiment were, Scissors to open the package contents that we used for this experiment. (8) 250 mL Beakers numbered 1-8 with our permanent marker to distribute water in for testing. We filled Beakers 1 - 4 with 100 mL of water using our 100 mL graduated cylinder. We then used 10 mL Vegetable oil for Beaker 2, 10 mL Vinegar for Beaker 3 and 10 mL Liquid laundry detergent for Beaker 4 all mixed thoroughly with our 3 wooden stir sticks. Beakers 5-8 were used to filter the contents of Beaker 1-4 through a funnel using our cheesecloth acting as a filter with 60 mL of soil x’s 4 (240mL) that was measured using our 100 mL Beaker for each Beaker 5-8. Experiment 2 Water......

Words: 1569 - Pages: 7

Water Quality

...of the household emissions calculator, name at least 2 actions that you can take to limit your carbon emissions? Include in your answer the exact dollar savings and the weight of carbon dioxide that could be saved (from the calculator results) for each of these two actions. Answer = One action I can take is to reduce my carbon emission is to keep my heating thermostat on winter nights down by $72 which will save me $644, Also I would replace all my 11 incandescent light bulbs with Energy Star Lights which will save me $44 4. Does reducing the size of your ecological footprint necessarily mean reducing your quality of life? Why or why not? Are there ways of enhancing your quality of life while lowering your environmental impact? Answer =No, I do not believe reducing the size of my ecological footprint would mean that my quality of life would get no better. Changing certain things like my light bulbs or keeping my thermostat down to 72 is very inexpensive and yes it will help me to save on those things but lowering and changing some of my habits will help lower the impact on the environment around us. References Global Footprint Network. (2011, September 8). Footprint calculator [Interactive calculator]. Retrievedfrom http://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/page/calculators...

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Water Quality and Contamination

... Final Lab Report Water Quality and Contamination Rachel Hewitt SCI207: Dependence of Man on the Environment Professor Andrea Van Gunst May 16, 2016 ABSTRACT All lab experiments were conducted in Windham, New York. The first experiment regarding water quality and contamination, used vinegar, liquid detergent and vegetable oil to contaminate tap water. The results of this experiment showed that when the water was contaminated and filtered through dirt some of the contaminates remained trapped in the soil and didn’t contaminate the groundwater but some did. This experiment could help in finding safer ways to purify and filter water. The results of this experiment were that the oil separated in the water and was trapped in the soil not the groundwater. The vinegar changed the smell of the water and contaminated the soil but without any major effect on the groundwater. The liquid detergent also changed the smell of the water as well as the color but also contaminated the soil and groundwater. The next experiment that was conducted was to use products like sand, charcoal and gravel to filter contaminated water that had been treated with alum. The products were used as an aquifer. The results of this experiment were basically if you used coagulants combined with alkalinity you would be able to remove contaminants from the groundwater. The last experiment bottle water and tap water were compared and tested for levels of iron,......

Words: 3090 - Pages: 13

Water Quality in Rural Areas

...consume water that is of low quality, with the chief reason for such low standards in water quality being contamination by pollutants that originate from various sources. Rural areas in most underdeveloped and developing countries do not have piped water and they rely mostly on wells or boreholes, rivers, springs, and rain water for their domestic consumption. Human activities such as intensive farming that use a lot of pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides, mining, and industrial run off are the primary sources of water pollutants and contaminants. According to Li L, Li CS, and Wichelns’ (2016) study established that rural areas in Tra Vinh Province of Vietnam experience seasonal fluctuations of water quality annually. L, Li CS, and Wichelns (2016) observed that during the wet monsoon season in the Mekong Delta, the inhabitants have access to abundant rainwater that they collect for both domestic and commercial applications. However, during the dry season they are faced with acute shortages of clean and safe drinking water often opting for canal or groundwater that is usually contaminated and unsafe for human consumption. L, Li CS, and Wichelns (2016) observed that during the wet season, inhabitants of the Mekong Delta were unwilling to purchase clean and safe bottled drinking water from vendors compared to the dry season when demand for the same was extremely high. A study carried out by Trevett, Carter, and Tyrrel (2004) in rural Honduras to investigate water quality......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Hot Water vs Cold Water

...phenomenon that hot water may freeze faster than cold. To precisely state what is Mpemba impact, begin with two containers of water, same in shape, and with same amounts of water. The only difference is the water temperature one is at a higher temperature than the water in the other. cool two containers, using the exact same cooling process for both containers. In some conditions at first warmer water will freeze first. It means the Mpemba effect happens. Here's the proof. Say that it takes 10 minutes to freeze the initially cooler water starts at 30°C , while the initially warmer water starts out at 70°C. Now the initially warmer water needs more cooling time to get to get down to 30°C, then it needs 10 more minutes to freeze. So since the initially warmer water has to do everything that the initially cooler water has to do, plus a little more, it will take at least a little longer. Somehow, the hot water must be able to lose its heat faster than the cold water. Evaporation- Theoretical calculations have shown that evaporation can explain the Mpemba effect if you assume that the water loses heat solely through evaporation . When the initially warmer water cools to the initial temperature of the initially cooler water, it may lose significant amounts of water to evaporation.  The reduced mass will make it easier for the water to cool and freeze.  Then the initially warmer water can freeze before the initially cooler water, but will make less ice.  Convection- Water......

Words: 530 - Pages: 3

Bottled Water vs Tap Water

...Bottled Water There are many different kinds of bottled waters for sale in this modern day. Some bottled waters are carbonated, flavored, or have added chemicals for cleaning purposes. A twenty ounce bottle of water cost’s around one or two dollars. In reference to the water bill from my parent’s house in the town of Chesaning which is in Saginaw County the cost of water is three dollars and thirty cents for one thousand gallons of municipal water (Ebenhoeh D). Not only do bottled water companies use up the earth’s water supply, they use massive amounts of plastic, and the water they sell that is supposedly cleaner and more healthy than tap water, is less healthy and has more contaminants than tap water. Bottled water is no cleaner than municipal water. In the United States bottled standards are set and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards for cleanliness are not as high as the regulations set for city or municipal water set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). According to Lauren Posnick of the FDA, bottled water can have up to two hundred and fifty parts per million of dissolved solids and still be clean enough to sell (Posnick). Drinking water that comes through the tap is monitored through the Environmental Protection Agency, also known as the EPA. The EPA standards for water are much higher and much more thorough than the FDA. According to the EPA the FDA allows up to two hundred and......

Words: 1686 - Pages: 7