Watson - Panas-X

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THE PANAS-X

Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule - Expanded Form

© Copyright 1994, David Watson and Lee Anna Clark The University of Iowa

PANAS-X Manual i

Table of Contents
List of Tables................................................................................................................................ I. The Hierarchical Structure of Self-Rated Affect................................................................................. II. The Higher Order Scales................................................................... .......................................... A. Construction of the Original Positive and Negative Affect Scales ................................................ B. Normative and Internal Consistency Data................................................................................ Between-subjects data....................................................................................................... Aggregated within-subject data.................................................................................................. C. Construct Validity.............................................................................................................. Factorial validity............................................................................................................. Convergence with peer ratings ........................................................................................... III. The Specific Affect Scales.......................................................................................................... A. Construction of the Fear, Sadness, Guilt, Hostility, Shyness Fatigue, and Surprise Scales........................................................................................... 8 ii 1 2 2 3 3 5 6 6 7 8

B. Construction of the Joviality,…...

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