With Considered Reference to Scholarly Literature on the Subject, Assess the Advantages and Disadvantages of Cannabis Legalisation in Australia.

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jjfr
Words 2135
Pages 9
2. With considered reference to scholarly literature on the subject, assess the advantages and disadvantages of Cannabis Legalisation in Australia.
Dennis, M.L. & W White (1999) ‘The Marijuana Legalization Debate: is There a Middle Ground’. In JA Inciardi (ed), The Drug Legalization Debate. Sage Publications.
Ferguson, D.M.. & L.J. Horwood (2000) ‘Does Cannabis Use Encourage Other Forms of Illicit Drug Use?’, Addiction, 95(4): 505-520.
Gerber, R.J. (2004) ‘History of Demonizing Drugs’. In Legalizing Marijuana: Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics, Westport, CT: Praeger, pp. 1-16.
Hall, W. (1997) ‘The Recent Australian Debate About the Prohibition on Cannabis Use’, Addiction, 92(9): 1109-1115.
Hall, W. (1998) ‘Cannabis Use and Psychosis’, Drug and Alcohol Review, 17: 433-444.
Hall, W. & R.L. Pacula (2003) ‘Policy Alternatives’. In Cannabis Use and Dependence: Public Health and Public Policy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 183-226.
Himmelstein, J.L. (1983) ‘From Killer Weed to Drop Out Drug’, Contemporary Crises, 7(1): 13-38.
Sarre, R. (1990) ‘A Review of the Cannabis Expiation Notice Scheme in South Australia: Research Note’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 299-303.
MacCoun R.J. and P. Reuter Drug War 'Heresies: Learning from Other Vices, Times, & Places', Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
McGeorge, J. & C.K. Aitken (1997) ‘Effects of Cannabis Decriminalization in the Australian Capital Territory on University Students’ Patterns of Use, Journal of Drug Issues, 27(4): 785-794.

Cannabis has had a long history in Australia, dating back to the First Fleet, where botanist Sir Joseph Banks brought over hemp seeds for commercial use in the colony. Cannabis cultivation was a widely undertaken industry from the colonial beginnings up until the early 1920's when the Cannabis restrictions were…...

Similar Documents

Assess the Advantages and Disadvantages of Government Intervention to Abolish Monopolies

...in size, by doing so would create more job applicants leading to less unemployment and by a firm increasing in size, the average total cost per unit to make would decrease. We can demonstrate this by using an average total cost curve. Another advantage would be that monopolies often produce goods and services at a small level and price it high, monopolies can do this because the lack of competitors in the market, so by eliminating the monopoly, the goods and or services will be produced at a high quantity and prices will be set lower. Although abolishing a market can have its positives to other, smaller firms but it also comes with disadvantages. With multiple firms in the market both operating at the productively efficient point they become perfect substitutes for one another causing firms to lower their prices in order to compete with the other firms. By doing this they hope to achieve an incentive to the consumer in order for them to consume their goods or services but often firms are reluctant to do this because often the costs to produce the goods or services outweigh the revenue and therefore decreasing profit to a minimal or even in some cases, the firm will make a loss. Another disadvantage for the government intervening to abolish monopolies is that only one firm can operate at economies of scale fully, this leads to one firm being dominate. For example if the UK’s demand for chocolate was one million bars and there were two markets each......

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Advantage & Disadvantages of Minimum Wage

...Introduction Minimum wage refers to the lowest hourly, daily or monthly wage an employee is legally entitled to when working. Minimum wage is in effect in a range of different jurisdictions with differences in the views on the advantages and disadvantages being disputed by people. Supporters claim minimum wage increases the standard of living for workers whilst reducing poverty. Opposite views are that if it is high enough to be effective then it increases unemployment, particularly among workers who are inexperienced or handicap, thus harming the lesser skilled workers to benefit the better skilled workers The effect on employment rates due to minimum wage rates is a highly contested policy within economics. The introduction of minimum wage into the market can lead to competitive employers cutting employment; this depends on the rate of the wage rises require to comply with the current minimum wage according to the “standard textbook model”. Other models have also been suggested in which a decline in the employment rate may not occur and in fact employment may increase. During my research I found a wide range of literature on minimum wages, particularly on the effects of a minimum wage policy in place. Though a lot of informative research was concluding I also found the argument between weather the effects and positive of negative on employment, both sides of the disagreement present a large amount of information supporting the theories. Research before the 1990’s......

Words: 2611 - Pages: 11

Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization

...DISCUSS THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF GLOBALIZATION The world as we know it has evolved over the years. From times when communities thought they were alone through periods when they depended on one another through trade to today when it is considered to be a global village. Over time the interdependent nature of countries across the world has gained prominence, hence the coinage of the term Globalization. Globalization is defined as the tendency for the world economy to work as one unit, led by large international companies doing business all over the world (Longman Business English Dictionary 2000). There has been many views concerning globalization. Whereas some people are of the opinion that it is good and are in favour of promoting and supporting it, others see globalization as detrimental to the world in general. This essays will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of globalization. The idea of globalization is an old one and can be traced back to the days when nations fought to create empires. The Babylonians and Romans through the conquest of weaker nations to formed huge empires thereby setting large single economies. These however did not extend to the global level as is happening now. As Ellwood (2001, p.21) noted, globalization is a new word which describes an old process: the integration of the global economy that began in earnest with the launch of the colonial era five centuries ago. The aim of colonization was to establish new sources of raw......

Words: 1477 - Pages: 6

Advantages and Disadvantages of Official Statistics

...Assess the Advantages and Disadvantages of Official Statistics Official statistics are quantitative data produced by local and national government bodies, and can cover a wide range of behaviour including births, deaths, marriages and divorce, income, crime, and work and leisure. Official statistics can be produced as a by-product of the normal workings of a government department, but they can also result from research designed specifically to produce them. Two main sources of official statistics are the government and its departments, and surveys. For example, government departments such as the Home Office and Education and Skills request; process and then publish information from organisations such as local tax offices, social services and hospitals. An example of a source of surveys that produce official statistics is The Office for National Statistics, which is a government agency and is responsible for compiling and analysing statistics. Every ten years this agency carries out the Census of the Population, which covers every household in the UK. By law each head of household must complete a questionnaire that includes family composition, housing occupation, transport and leisure. Official statistics are used by sociologists because of their many advantages. A main plus is that official statistics are often compiled from data which has been gathered from a large sample size. The majority of sociologists could probably not afford to carry out such vast research. The......

Words: 1129 - Pages: 5

The Advantage and Disadvantage of Technology on Society

...Advantages and Disadvantages of Technology on Society Annie Martin Professor Marin CS 105 March 10, 2010 Abstract Today’s society is heavily influenced and affected by technology. My paper will explain and highlight many advantages and disadvantages of technology on society. It will discuss some ways it can hinder reputations and how private matters can become public property because of technology. My paper will also reveal how technology can bring people closer together, although many people may beg to differ. Today’s society is driven and greatly influenced by technology. This can be a beneficial fact, and it can also be detrimental and yield major problems. Whether one is using a digital camera in order to snap a photo of a precious moment, or whether one is sneaking and videotaping an embarrassing video that will last forever, these are components of technology that effect society because it effects people. It is in the eye of the beholder of whether technology has more or less advantages than disadvantages on society. My paper will discuss some advantages and disadvantages of technology on society. There are many advantages of technology. Technology allows people to email, text, talk on the telephone, mow the lawn, vacuum carpets, blend food,......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Advantage and Disadvantages

...Curriculum Statement (2002) and the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12 to produce this document. From 2012 the two national Curriculum statements, for Grades R-9 and Grades 10-12 respectively, are combined in a single document and will simply be known as the National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12. the National Curriculum Statement for Grades R-12 builds on the previous curriculum but also updates it and aims to provide clearer specification of what is to be taught and learnt on a term-by-term basis. the National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12 represents a policy statement for learning and teaching in south African schools and comprises of the following: (a) (b) Curriculum and Assessment Policy statements (CAPs) for all approved subjects listed in this document; National policy pertaining to the programme and promotion requirements of the National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12; and National Protocol for Assessment Grades R-12. (c) MRS ANGIE MOTSHEKGA, MP MINISTER OF BASIC EDUCATION CAPS LIFE SCIENCES GRADES 10-12 CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT POLICY STATEMENT (CAPS) LIFE SCIENCES GRADES 10-12 CONTENTS seCtion 1: introduCtion to tHe CurriCulum and assessment PoliCy statements .. 3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Background .....................................................................................................................................................3 overview......

Words: 21816 - Pages: 88

Advantages and Disadvantages of Countertrade

...Advantages and Disadvantages of Countertrade Countertrade is an umbrella term used to describe many different types of transactions each in “which the seller provides a buyer with goods or services and promises in return to purchase goods or services from the buyer”. It may or may not involve the use of currency, as in barter. By far the largest indirect method of exporting is countertrade. Competitive intensity means more and more investment in marketing. In this situation the organization may expand operations by operating in markets where competition is less intense but currency based exchange is not possible. Also, countries may wish to trade in spite of the degree of competition, but currency again is a problem. Countertrade can also be used to stimulate home industries or where raw materials are in short supply. It can, also, give a basis for reciprocal trade. Countertrade can take many forms. These are: • Barter- is the direct exchange of one good for another. It requires a double coincidence of wants. Barter trade can take a number of formats. Simple barter is the least complex and oldest form of bilateral, non – monetarised trade. Often it is called "straight", "classical" or "pure" barter. • A clearinghouse arrangement- is a form of barter in which the traders agree to buy a certain amount of goods from each other. They set up accounts with each other that are debited and credited as needed. At the maturity of the arrangement, the......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Using Named Examples Assess the Advantages and Disadvantages of Contrasting Ways of Measuring Development

...changed or made better in an attempt to improve the overall environment. GDP is an indicator of development used by many people. The advantages of using GDP are that it gives one single clear figure, which is easily presentable. The fact it is a single figure also makes is very easily comparable when measuring countries against each other. Disadvantages of using GDP as a measure of development include, the fact that GDP does not take disparity in incomes between the rich and poor into account, therefore you could have the richest 1% of a population earning 99% of the wealth and GDP would not show this. GDP does not measure the sustainability of growth, for example, a country may achieve a temporarily high GDP by over-exploiting natural resources or by misallocating investment. HDI is another indicator of development. There is widespread use of HDI to compare development levels and it does reveal clear global patterns. Advantages are things such as, it does not solely concentrate on economic development, and takes into consideration that there are other, more social, ways to measure human development. It shows that an increase in education and health shows can see improvement in a countries infrastructure. The success of government policy can also be seen because if education and health levels are high the policies are likely to be working. Disadvantages could be, data from some developing countries may not be very reliable and may be difficult to confirm. The measures......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Media

...academic productivity Of university stdents Introduction The assignment is based on the topic “the impact of depression on the academic productivity of university students”. The research is based on the causes and effects of depression. Depression is a state of the mind being caught up on a scenario or a situation and thinking over it continuously for more than the usual time. This could be days and weeks pass by thinking about one subject. There are four articles to support the relevant facts on the assignment ahead; discussions on some research that has been done. These have been obtained via Google scholar. Moreover, up ahead of this is the aim of the assignment, a literature review based on the four articles researched relevant to depression, and a conclusion, not leaving references. Aim: The aim of this assignment is to: * Choose a topic from the happiness website, * Find four articles relevant to the topic chosen, * And writing a literature review using the four articles. Literature Review Depression is an existence of a down feel mood in a person that interferes with a person’s normal function; it could also lead to emotional problems. All four of the articles were researched on how depression shows its impact on university students. The first article is about the relationship between depression, treatment and the academic performances on the undergraduate students. In this 121 students were examined with depression. As......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Advantages & Disadvantages of Being a Teenager

...understand the concepts and terminologies that are frequently used in the world of HR management. My heartiest intent is to share the common HR language in a consolidated form. For the benefit of HR students, CiteHR members, and for new and seasoned HR professionals, I present this freebie booklet on ‘HR Glossary: From A to Z’, which should serve as a book of ready reference. It is my hope that it will be of immense value for whom this booklet is meant and also for those who might want to make a career in the dynamic world of HR. I have endeavored to compile this booklet on the basis of resource materials available to me through internet, university websites and relevant books, as well as from my friends who had always felt the necessity for such a concise booklet which provides specialized information in a precise and direct manner. I acknowledge my gratitude and feel highly indebted to all of them. Suggestions to improve upon this web version are most welcome and will be given due thoughts. I invite readers to post any term(s) that should be added to the glossary along with a working definition and reference. Please send your feedback at hotdesire@gmail.com for consideration. Pakistan Adnan May, 2006 MBA By: Adnan, MBA (Management) Contact: hotdesire@gmail.com Page 3 HR Glossary A to Z Contents Alphabetical Listings: Preface: Contents: Page......

Words: 22831 - Pages: 92

Advantages &Disadvantages

...Advantages and Disadvantages of Convention and Concept Advantages of accounting concepts, conventions and regulations. There are many advantages that accounting concepts have on financial statements. Four important accounting concepts that underpin the preparation of any sets of accounts one of which is going concern that helps an account to assume for any future problems that occur in a business. This helps companies to make future plans and gives them time to gather money to sort out any financial problems. Consistency also has an advantage in helping in accounting by users of accounts can make more meaningful comparisons of financial performance. Prudence helps investors sort out financial performance such as future problems and cost of the business before recognising any signs of profits. Accruals also help financial data to be useful for users by all business revenues and cost are recorded in the appropriate statements and at the appropriate time. Conventions also have many advantages in influences financial statements to be useful for investors. Separate entity is one example this convention seeks to ensure that all private transactions and matters relating to the owners are segregated from transactions that relate to the business. This is an advantage because owner’s transactions are kept private. Also they are not mixed with the business finance so that users can clearly see the business financial state. Also materiality is also an important convention in a......

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Advantages & Disadvantages of Social Media

...Chapter 2: Review of Related Literature and Studies I.I The Introductory Paragraph 1.4 Foreign Studies Research in June 2012 at the University of Georgia found that the millions of people who log onto social networking sites every day may very well be boosting their self-esteem in the process – feeling connected to others and being in control of how you’re seen by others may have a positive effect on how you see yourself. On the downside, though, a study in June 2013 from the University of Michigan found that it was the students with narcissistic tendencies who posted most often, using social media in different ways to boost their egos and control other people’s perceptions of them – something that could have a dangerous impact on young girls at the very time when they have tremendous developmental changes taking place. Another study, from Flinders University in Australia, found that the amount of time teenage girls spend online was associated with low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with their body image (although cause and effect cannot be determined). In interviewing more than 1,000 high-school girls, they found that social media intensified conversations about appearance. And as these conversations involved their peers, they were also more influential in the girls’ lives. Even though 80% of the girls in the survey were......

Words: 997 - Pages: 4

Advantages and Disadvantages of International Trade

...Please  write  a  short  report  on  the  advantages  and  disadvantages  of  international  trade   for  the  countries  whose  data  you  downloaded  recently.  You  are  required  to  illustrate   your  report  with  data  and  charts.     I)  Introduction:   “The   international   trade   is   the   exchange   of   goods,   services   and   capital   between   countries”   (Haekal,  2012).  Trade  exists  for  centuries  but  had  known  an  international  dimension  with  the   globalisation.   In   this   report,   we   will   see   some   advantages   and   disadvantages   of   the   international  trade,  through  the  examples  of  two  countries:  France  and  Italy.       II)  The  advantages  of  trade:   It   exists   many   advantages   to   the   international   trade.   We   will   see   three   of   them,   which   are,   meet  the  need  of  the  country,  create  jobs  and  attract  foreign  investments  in  the  country.     1)  Meeting  the  need  of  the  country:   By   open   its   economy   to   the   world,   a  ......

Words: 2145 - Pages: 9

Disadvantages and Advantages in Sampling

...Assignment 1: Discussion Question By Saturday, January 16, 2016 respond to the discussion question. Submit your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Use the same Discussion Area to comment on your classmates’ submissions and continue the discussion until Wednesday, January 20, 2016. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of at least 2 different sampling methods. Describe how researchers go about selecting a sampling strategy. What role does the research question play in choosing the sample? What does it mean to have a representative sample and why is this vital to the outcome of the study? You may wish to incorporate some of the scholarly sources you have been reviewing for your research project within your discussion.   ANSWER BELOW There are many different types of sampling. Probability sampling is when involves random sampling and nonprobability sampling does not. The study being conducted largely affects what type of sampling one will do. To obtain information across a large population I think random sampling would be best. There is also quota sampling in which you only sample the number of people you need. There is target sampling in which you would use if you are targeting specific groups. A researcher would need to choose what method would work best for the type of information they are seeking. They also have to take into consideration the time, money, and available......

Words: 649 - Pages: 3

Advantages and Disadvantages of Outsourcing

...Advantages and Disadvantages of Outsourcing Webster University PROC 5000 Abstract This paper examines how outsourcing affects a business positively and/or negatively. During this paper I will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing. There are many reasons why a company may choose to outsource a particular function of their business. The end result in mind is saving time and/or money. Before a company considers outsourcing it should first do a competitive analysis of its company before initiating an outsourcing analysis. The company should also consider the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing. The advantages are the following: reduction in critical resources, provides ability to focus on core business, yields cost savings, provides flexibility, reduction overhead costs, etc. The disadvantages are as follows: loss of managerial control, hidden costs, threat to security and confidentiality, quality problems, tied to financial well-being of another company and bad publicity and ill-will. When you think of outsourcing do you think of a call center in India or jobs be taken away from Americans and sent overseas? Well, since the Industrial Revolution, companies have wrestled with how they can take advantage of their competitive advantage to increase their profits. The standard for majority of the 20th century was a large integrated company that can “own, manage, and directly......

Words: 1793 - Pages: 8